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2014 | 16 | 2 | 56-62
Tytuł artykułu

Pilot Study of Generation and Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes in Selected Household in Rural Areas in the South-Western Poland

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Pilot study of the composition of wastes was carried out in 15 rural family households engaged in agricultural activity. In the study group the average resident of rural areas generates about 166 kg of municipal wastes annually. The conducted studies showed that the composition of municipal wastes coming from rural households changes seasonally. During the periods of summer and autumn, the quantity of bio-wastes increased distinctly. The average mass of wastes transferred to the companies engaged in the collection of wastes in the analyzed rural households is almost 50 kg · M–1. year–1. The studies showed that over 80% of organic wastes (kitchen and garden) is utilized in the place where they are generated. In the studies, organic wastes were collected selectively (in separate bags), which undoubtedly had infiuence on their humidity (70–90%). Laboratory analysis of these wastes showed that the ratio C:N in it was from 7 to 19, whereas pH lay within the limits from 5.8 to 6.9 indicating its very good properties for the composting process. Therefore composting of organic waste from rural household should be recommended as the best way for its disposal and the weight reduction of biodegradable waste going to landfills. Comparison of the analyzed variants showed that some waste other than kitchen and garden does not leave the holding (it is re-used or burned in home hearths).
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
2
Strony
56-62
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2014-06-26
Twórcy
  • Lower Silesian Research Centre, Institute of Technology and Life Science, ul. Berlinga 7, 51-209 Wrocław, Poland, m.strzelczyk@itep.edu.pl
Bibliografia
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  • 16. Czyżyk, F. & Kozdraś, M. (2004). Chemical properties and composting of sludge from rural waste water treatment plant. Water -Environment- Rural Areas. 4(11), 559–569, (in Polish).
  • 17. Kasprzak, K. (1998). Theoretical and practical requirements for organic waste composting. In :Municipal Enterprise and the Environment. IX Conference Poland-Poznań (p. 125–238). Abrys, (in Polish).
  • 18. 18. Rosik-Dulewska, C. (1996). Desirability and economic viability of the construction of composting methods, organization and methods. In: Municipal Enterprise and the Environment, III International Conference January 1996, Wisla, Poland (p. 63–83), Abrys, (in Polish).
  • 19. Sebastian, M. & Szpadt, R. (1999). Individual composting of garden biowaste at home composting facility. In: Composting and disposal of compost. I Technical Sciences Conference 1999 (p. 117–124). Pulawy-Warsaw-Poland. IOŚ, IUNG, PTIE, (in Polish).
  • 20. Steinhoff-Wrześniewska, A. & Strzelczyk, M. (2011) Structure of packaging wastes in production of alcoholic beverages. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 27, 202–209, (in Polish).
  • 21. Steinhoff-Wrześniewska, A., Strzelczyk, M. & Czyżyk, F. (2011). Material and waste management in brewing industry. Science, Nature, Technologies. 5,4,#47, from http://www.npt. up-poznan.net/pub/art_5_47.pdf, (in Polish).
  • 22. Strzelczyk, M. & Steinhoff-Wrześniewska, A. (2010, September). Formation and disposal of wastes and determination of wastefulness indicators in sugar industry. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology 12 (3), DOI: 10.2478/v10026-010-0035-9.[Crossref]
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  • 24. Brzeski, Z. (2011). Dioxins and furanes in the environment and their effect on the human body. General Medicine and Health Sciences. 17(3), 161–164.
  • 25. Biłyk, A. (2000). Dioxines and furane in the environment. Environment 2(77), 9–13.
  • 26. Wyrzykowska, B., Hanari, N., Orlikowska, A., Yamashita, N. & Falandysz, J. (2009, April). Dioxin-like compound compositional profiles of furnace bottom ashes from household combustion in Poland and their possible associations with contamination status of agricultural soil and pine needles. Chemosphere 76(2), 255–263. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.03.019.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 28. Czerniak, A., Grochowalski, A. & Poszyler-Adamska, A. (2006). Dioxin content in touristic forest bonfire ashes (preliminary test). Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas 3(1), 183–194, (in Polish).
  • 29. Journal of laws. (2012). Regulation of the Minister of the Environment, the 13 th July 2012 on municipal sewage sludge. DzU No 137, Poz. 924, (in Polish).
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  • 31. Hadryjańska, B. (2006). Segregation of wastes in rural areas as an element of the environmental protection in Poland. Water -Environment- Rural Areas. 6, 2(18), 77–8. (in Polish).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjct-2014-0030
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