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2014 | 16 | 1 | 48-58
Tytuł artykułu

Studies on carcinogenic PAHs emission generated by vehicles and its correlation to fuel and engine types

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The objective of this study was to find major PAHs produced in ambient air from the automobile exhaust as a function of fuels (diesel, petrol, and biodiesel) and engine type qualitatively and quantitatively. The recovery range was found between 30% and 70%. The study was carried out on two, three, and four wheelers. Biodiesel samples tested in the study were synthesized indigenously from different starting raw materials and analyzed for PAHs concentration in the exhaust on a Honda genset (EBK 2000AC Model). Biodiesel samples were blended with diesel in different ratio (25:75, 35:65 and 45:55) to investigate the exhaust behavior. Biodiesel was blended with Diesel the concentration of almost all PAHs reduces in comparison to pure Diesel exhaust. B(a)A and B(a) P was the common PAH found in higher concentration in almost all fuels. FTIR results indicate esterification of vegetable oil and NMR results indicate a complete conversion of oils into biodiesel.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
1
Strony
48-58
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
online
2014-03-25
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Chemistry, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India , vaneet2106@gmail.com
  • Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India
autor
  • Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Benner, B.A., Gordon, G.E. & Wise, S.A. (1989). Mobile sources of atmospheric Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A roadway tunnel study. Environmental Science and Technology, 23, 1269-1278.[Crossref]
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  • 4. Fernandes, M.B., Brickus, L.S., Moreira, J.C. & Cardoso, J.N. (1999). Atmospheric carcinogens in Rio de Janeiro during the summer of 1998/99: Benzo (a) Pyrene and Benzene. Reviews on Environmental Health, 14, 145-157.
  • 5. Henderson, T.R., Sun, J.D., Li, A.P., Hanson, R.L., Bechtold, W.E., Harvey, T.M., Shabanowitz, J. & Hunt, D.F. (1984). GC/MS and MS/MS studies of diesel exhaust mutagenicity and emissions from chemically defi ned fuels. Environmental Science and Technology, 18, 428-434.[Crossref]
  • 6. Jitendra, D.K., Satyarthi, S. & Ratnasamy, P. (2009). Estimation of free fatty acid content in oils, fats, and biodiesel by 1H NMR Spectroscopy. Energy and Fuels, 23, 2273-2277.[WoS]
  • 7. Kauppinen, T. (2001). Finnish occupational exposure databases. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 16, 154-158.[PubMed]
  • 8. Kumar, V. & Kothiyal, N.C. (2011). Distribution behavior of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in roadside soil at traffi c intercepts within developing cities. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 8(1), 63-72.[Crossref]
  • 9. Kumar, V. & Kothiyal, N.C. (2012). Distribution behavior and carcinogenic level of some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in roadside soil at major traffi c intercepts within a developing city of India. Environ Monit Assess, 184, 6239-6252.
  • 10. Kumar, V. & Kothiyal, N.C. (2011). Distribution pattern and contamination level of some Polycyclic Aromatic hydrocarbons along roadside soil at major traffi c intercepts during autumn in Jalandhar, India. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 23 (3), 1363-1368.
  • 11. Kumar, V. & Kothiyal, N.C. (2012). Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Distribution and Related Carcinogenic Potencies in Roadside Soil at Major Traffi c Intercepts within a Developing City of Northern India. J. Envir.Sci. Engg., 54(1), 55-63.
  • 12. Feng, S., Cao, Z., Yang, Y., Wei, G. & Wang, X.M. (2013). Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Heavy Metals, and Genotoxicity of the Suburban Soils from Guangzhou, China. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 33(5), 501-518.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 13. Nowacka, A. & Wlodarczyk-Makula, M. (2013). Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water during Preparation Processes. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 33(5), 430-450[Crossref][WoS]
  • 14. Lee, M.L., Novotny, M.V. & Bartle, K.D. (1995). “Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic, Aromatic Compound”. Academic Press, New York.
  • 15. Levy, J.I., Bennett, D.H., Melly, S.J. & Spengler, J.D. (2003). Infl uence of traffi c patterns on particulate matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon concentrations in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 13, 364-371.
  • 16. Levy, J.I., Houseman, E.A., Spengler, J.D., Loh, P. & Ryan, L. (2001). Fine Particulate matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons concentration patterns in Roxbury Massachusetts: A community based GIS analysis. Environmental Health Perspective, 109, 341-347.
  • 17. Masih, A. & Taneja, A. (2006). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) concentrations and related carcinogenic potencies in soil at a semi-arid region of India. Chemosphere, 65(3), 449-456.[Crossref]
  • 18. Matani, A.G. (1998). Automobile exhaust emissions in Indian environment: Programmes and strategies needed for controlling. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 18, 605-607.
  • 19. Ogungbuyi, P.I., Obasi, R.A. & Abimbola, A.F. (2013). Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) Concentration in Sediments and Soils around Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3(6), 686-695.
  • 20. Vaaraslati, K., Virtanen, A. Ristimaki, J. & Keskinen, J. (2004). Nucleation mode formation in heavy duty diesel exhaust with and without a particulate fi lter. Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 4884-4890. [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjct-2014-0009
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