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2013 | 59 | 1 | 42-48
Tytuł artykułu

Motivations of Iranian University Students for Participation in Sporting Activities

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study was designed to reveal university students’ motivations for sport. A sample of 934 students (male: 47.4%; female: 52.6%) with different educational levels and fields of study were involved in our research. A revised and developed scale was employed for measuring the students’ motivation. Inferential and descriptive statistics were used to describe the differences in students’ motivations for sport. The results indicated that having fun and experiencing joy, maintaining physical and mental health, and having a fit body were rated most frequently as the students’ motivations for sport; whereas spending leisure time, being with friends, and participating in competitions were found as the lowest motivational dimensions. Furthermore, various motivational differences could be observed between students regarding their gender, age, educational level, and field of study. In conclusion, it is suggested that preparing special plans based on the students’ different motivations and on their special needs for sport could improve their participation rate in sporting activities.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
59
Numer
1
Strony
42-48
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-10-01
online
2013-10-20
Twórcy
  • Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary
  • University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
autor
  • Payam Noor University, Isfahan, Iran
autor
  • College of Nyíregyháza, Hungary
Bibliografia
  • Attarzadeh, H., Sohrabi, M. (2007). Tosif negaresh va gerayesh mardom shahr Mashhad be faliathay harkati va varzeshi /Attitudes and tendency to exercise and sport activities in people of Mashhad/. Olympic, 15(1), 38- 47.
  • Azizi, B., Farahani, M.J., Khabiri, M. (2011). Baresi negaresh daneshjoyan saken khabgahhay daneshgah Tehran be varzesh hamegani /Survey of the attitudes of students living in university of Tehran dormitories towards sport for all/. Sport Management, 2(8), 75-91.
  • Biddle, S.J.H. (1995). Exercise motivation across the life span. In S.J.H. Biddle (Ed.), European perspectives onexercise and sport psychology (pp. 3-25). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  • Bryan, C.L., Solmon, M.A. (2012). Students’ motivation in physical education and engagement in physical activity. Journal of Sport Behavior, 35(3), 267-285.
  • Egli, T., Bland, H.W., Melton, B.F., Czech, D.R. (2011). Influence of age, sex, and race on college students’ exercise motivation of physical activity. Journal of American College Health, 59(5), 399-406.[Crossref]
  • Fathi, S. (2010). Tabeen jame shenakhti mosharekat varzeshi daneshjooyan /A sociological explanation of athletic participation of university students/. Social Sciences Bulletin, 3(4), 145-173.
  • Frederick, C.M., Morrison, C., Manning, T. (1996). Motivation to participate, exercise affect, and outcomes behaviors towards physical activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82, 691-701.
  • Furjan-Mandic, G., Kondric, M., Tusak, M., Rausavljevic, N., Kondric, L. (2010). Sports students’ motivation for participating in table tennis at the faculty of kinesiology in Zagreb. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 6, 44-47.
  • Haerens, L., Kirk, D., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students. European Physical Education Review, 16, 117-139.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Hannon, J., Ratliffe, T. (2005). Physical activity levels in coeducational and single-gender high school physical education settings. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 24, 149-164.
  • Kamarudin, K., Fauzee, M. (2007). Attitudes toward physical activities among college students. Journal ofPsychological Research, 22, 43-54.
  • Kilpatrick, M., Hebert, E. & Bartholomew, J. (2005). College students’ motivation for physical activity: Differentiating men’s and women’s motives for sport participation and exercise. Journal of American College Health, 54, 87-94.
  • Mozafari, A., Ahani, K., Shajie, A., Hadavi, F. (2010). Tosif negaresh va gerayesh mardom be faliathai harkati va varzeshi dar jomhori eslami Iran /Attitude and tendency of people toward physical activity and sport in Islamic Republic of Iran/. Olympic, 18(1), 69-81.
  • NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education). (2004). Moving into the future: National standardsfor physical education. New York: MacGraw Hill.
  • Ramezaninejad, R., Rahmaninia, F., Taghavi, S.A. (2010). Baresi vaziat ejtemai eghtesadi va angizesh sherkat konandegan dar varzeshhai hamegani /Study of socioeconomic status and motives of participants in sport for all/. SportManagement, 1(2), 5-19.
  • Safania, A.M. (2001). Baresi vaziat oghat feraghat daneshjoyan dokhtar daneshgahai azad va naghsh varzesh dar an /Study on the leisure time of Islamic Azad University female students and the role of sports in spending such time/. Harakat, 9, 127-140.
  • Seo, D.C., Nehl, E., Agley, J., Ma, S.M. (2007). Relations between physical activity and behavioral and perceptual correlates among Midwestern college students. Journal of American College Health, 56, 187-197.
  • Tergerson, J.L., King, K.A. (2002). Do perceived cues, benefits, and barriers to physical activity differ between male and female adolescents. Journal of School Health, 72(9), 374-380.
  • USDHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) (1996). Physical activity and health: A report of thesurgeon general. Atlanta: International Medical Publishing.
  • USDHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) (2000). Healthy people 2010: Understanding andimproving health. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Vartanian, L.R., Shaprow, J.G. (2008). Effects of weight on exercise motivation and behaviors: A preliminary investigation among college-aged females. Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 131-138. [WoS]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pcssr-2013-0016
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