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2013 | 57 | 1 | 12-21
Tytuł artykułu

Cyborgsportpersons: Between Disability and Enhancement

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The cyborgization of sport has occupied a noticeable role in the fields of sport and medicine in recent years due to the fact that this issue calls into question the very foundations of contemporary sport. As a result, it gives rise to doubt about whether cyborg athletes should be able to take part in different athletic competitions, and if they are allowed, under what circumstances. After examining the impact of enhancing implants and prosthesis in sport, I have considered which objections can be raised to this particular sort of enhancement. In this regard, I think that several aspects have to be taken into account: 1. The possibility of producing severe harm to the athletes; 2. The effect it has on equality among athletes when the improvement grants an obvious advantage; 3. The dehumanization of sport, and 4. The aesthetic problem My position has been to temper the “moral panic” that some may feel given the progressive (and future) use of enhancing implants and prosthesis as used by (cyborg)athletes.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
57
Numer
1
Strony
12-21
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-03-01
online
2013-03-15
Twórcy
Bibliografia
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  • Greely, H. T. (2004). Disabilities, Enhancements, and the Meanings of Sports. Stan L & Pol'y Rev, 15, 99-155.
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  • King, M. (2011). A league of their own? Evaluating justifications for the division of sport into “enhanced” and “unenhanced” leagues. Sport Ethics and Philosophy, 5(4), 31-45.
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  • McNamee, M., Edwards, S.D. (2006). Medical Technology and Slippery Slopes. Journal of Medical Ethics, 32(9), 513-518.
  • Marcellini, A., Ferez, S., Issanchou, D., De Léséleuc, E., McNamee, M. (2012). Challenging human and sporting boundaries: The case of Oscar Pistorius. Performance Enhancement & Health, 1(1), 3-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.peh. 2011.11.002.[Crossref]
  • Miah, A. (2004). Genetically modified athletes. London-New York: E&FN Spon (Routledge).
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  • Savulescu, J. (2007). Gene therapy, transgenesis and chimeras: is the radical genetic alteration of human beings a threat to our humanity? In J. Savulescu (Ed.), Quest of Ethical Wisdom: How the Practical Ethics of East and West Contributeto Wisdom (pp. 3-20). Oxford: Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics.
  • Savulescu, J., Foddy, B., Clayton, M. (2004). Why We Should Allow Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport. Britishjournal of sports medicine, 38, 666-670.
  • Schneider, A., Rupert, J. (2009). Constructing Winners: The Science and Ethics of Genetically Manipulating Athletes. Journal of Philosophy of Sport, 36(2), 182-206.
  • Schneider, A. (2000). On the definition of ‘woman’ in the sport context. In T. Tännsjö & C.M. Tamburrini (Eds.), Values in Sport. Elitism, nationalism, gender equality and the scientific manufacturing of winners (pp. 123-138). London-New York: E&FN Spon (Routledge).
  • Simon, R. (1993). Fair Play. Sports, values and society. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Tamburrini, C.M. (2000). ¿La mano de Dios? Una visión distinta del deporte /The 'Hand of God'. Essays in thePhilosophy of Sports/. Buenos Aires: Continente.
  • Tamburrini, C.M. (2011). What’s Wrong With JS Mill’s “Harm-to-Others” Principle? Journal of the Philosophy ofSport, 38(1), 1-26.
  • Tännsjö, T. (2009). Medical Enhancement and the Ethos od Elite Sport. In J. Savulescu, N. Bostrom (Eds.), HumanEnhancement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tännsjö, T., Tamburrini, C.M. (2006). Las bioamazonas del fútbol /The bioamazons of football/. In C. Torres & D. Campos ¿La pelota no dobla? Ensayos filosóficos en torno al fútbol /¿The ball does not bend? Philosophical Essaysabout Football/ (pp. 187-210). Buenos Aires: Zorzal. van Hilvoorde, I., Landeweerd, L. (2008). Disability or Extraordinary Talent - Francesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 2, 97-111.
  • Wolbring, G. (2011). Hearing Beyond the Normal Enabled by Therapeutic Devices: The Role of the Recipient and the Hearing Profession. Neuroethics, June, 1-10. DOI:10.1007/s12152-011-9120-x.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Wolbring, G. (2011). Who will be the future Olympic and Paralympic Athlete Subtitle Advances in Science andTechnology, bodily assistive devices and the future face and purpose of Sport. Retrieved 02.10.2011 from http://www.bioethicsanddisability.org/vancouverpodcast.html
  • Zettler, P.J. (2009). Is it Cheating to use cheetahs?: The implications of Technologically innovative prostheses for Sports values and rules. Boston University International Law Journal, 27, 308-409.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pcssr-2013-0003
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