The applicability of C-14 measurements in the soil gas for the assessment of leakage out of underground carbon dioxide reservoirs
Poland, due to the ratification of the Kioto Protocol, is obliged to diminish the emission of greenhouse gases. One of the possible solutions of this problem is CO2 sequestration (CCS - carbon capture and storage). Such an option is a priority in the European Union. On the other hand, CO2 sequestration may be potentially risky in the case of gas leakage from underground reservoirs. The most dangerous event may be a sudden release of the gas onto the surface. Therefore, it is very important to know if there is any escape of CO2 from underground gas reservoirs, created as a result of sequestration. Such information is crucial to ensure safety of the population in areas located above geological reservoirs. It is possible to assess the origin of carbon dioxide, if the measurement of radiocarbon 14C concentration in this gas is done. If CO2 contains no 14C, it means, that the origin of the gas is either geological or the gas has been produced as a result of combustion of fossil fuels, like coal. A lot of efforts are focused on the development of monitoring methods to ensure safety of CO2 sequestration in geological formations. A radiometric method has been tested for such a purpose. The main goal of the investigations was to check the application possibility of such a method. The technique is based on the liquid scintillation counting of samples. The gas sample is at first bubbled through the carbon dioxide adsorbent, afterwards the adsorbent is mixed with a dedicated cocktail and measured in a low-background liquid scintillation spectrometer Quantulus. The described method enables measurements of 14C in mine and soil gas samples.
- Silesian Centre for Environmental Radioactivity, Central Mining Institute, 1 Gwarków Sq., 40-166 Katowice, Poland, Tel.: +48 32 259 2815, Fax: +48 32 259 2295, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Silesian Centre for Environmental Radioactivity, Central Mining Institute, 1 Gwarków Sq., 40-166 Katowice, Poland, Tel.: +48 32 259 2815, Fax: +48 32 259 2295
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