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2014 | 15 | 2 | 110-115
Tytuł artykułu

Relationship between Muscle Strength and Front Crawl Swimming Velocity

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. competitive performance in swimming depends on a number of factors including, among others, the development of relevant muscle groups. The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between muscle strength and swimming velocity and the role of individual muscle groups in front crawl swimming. Methods. sixteen physical education university students participated in the study. The strength values, defined as torque produced during isometric contractions, of eight upper and lower extremity muscle groups were measured. Data were compared with participants' front crawl swim times in the 25m and 50m distances. Results. correlation analysis demonstrated a relationship between muscle strength and swimming velocity. statistically significant relationships were observed between swimming velocity and the torque values of the elbow flexor and shoulder extensor muscles as well as the sum of upper extremity muscle torque values (p ⋋ 0.05). Conclusions. The results indicate the need for a focus on training those muscle groups identified as having a statistically significant relationship with swimming velocity for a given distance, as the sample showed deficiencies in the strength of those muscle groups responsible for generating propulsive force in the front crawl. Additionally, the collected data can serve as a diagnostic tool in evaluating the development of muscle groups critical for swimming performance.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
2
Strony
110-115
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2012-12-28
zaakceptowano
2014-03-17
online
2014-08-15
Twórcy
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
autor
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. bartkowiak E., skład A., Witkowski M., From investigations over the meaning of strength in the swimming [in Polish]. Sport Wyczynowy, 1968, 8, 7–10.
  • 2. bober T., Pietraszewski b., strenght of muscle groups in swimmers. Biol Sport, 1996, 13, 155–164.
  • 3. bartkowiak E., The swimming sport [in Polish]. cOs, Warszawa 1999.
  • 4. costill D.L., King D.s., Workout evaluation. Swimming Tech, 1983, August–October, 24–27.
  • 5. Johnson r.E., sharp r.L., Hedrick c.E., relationship of swimming power and dry land power to sprint freestyle performance – a multiple regression approach. J Swimming Res, 1993, 9, 10–14.
  • 6. bradshaw A., Hoyle J., correlation between sprinting and dry land power. J Swimming Res, 1993, 9, 15–18.
  • 7. Płatonow W., record-seeking training in the swimming [in Polish]. rcMsZKFIs, Warszawa 1997.
  • 8. Ostrowska E., sadkowski M., Topography of the moments of muscular swimmers strengths. In: Urbanik c. (ed.), chosen Questions biomechanics Movement Man [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2007, 55–64.
  • 9. Wilmore J.H., costill D.L., Phisiology of sport and exercise. Human Kinetics, champaign 1999.
  • 10. stachowicz M., Iwańska D., Gajewski J., słomiński P., Urbanik c., Power of the moments of muscular swimmers in the year cycle strengths [in Polish]. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport, 2006, 50 (2), 111–114.
  • 11. czabański b., Fiłon M., Zatoń K., The Elements of the theory of the swimming [in Polish]. AWF, Wrocław 2003.
  • 12. Wychowański M., Measurement of the moments of muscular strengths in static conditions. In: Wit A. (ed.), Exercise book to practices from the biomechanics [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2008, 15–18.
  • 13. Zatoń K., szczepan s., Kazimirow r., rejman M., Advisability on the shift from standard front crawl swimming technique to the “kayaking” and “loping” variants. Hum Mov, 2012, 13 (3), 225–235, doi: 10.2478/v10038-012-0026-1.[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2014-0011
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