Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 15 | 2 | 80-85
Tytuł artykułu

An Assessment of Reaction Time Development in Females Using Polynomial Regression Analysis

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Purpose. The objective of this study was to determine the level and rate of change of reaction time during the developmental period from early childhood to early adulthood. Polynomial regression analysis was applied to determine the age at which the best reaction time results are achieved. Methods. The study involved 550 females between the ages of 7 and 20 years. Participants completed a computer test measuring simple reaction times to visual and auditory stimuli and choice reaction time during the ontogenetic developmental period. Results. Analysis of the results for age group distinguished two sub-periods of reaction time dynamics: a progressive increase throughout the developmental period followed by a plateau phase. This was evident for all reaction time measures (simple and choice) particularly in the case of that data collected empirically. Conclusions. best reaction times to visual and auditory stimuli were approximately at the age of 17 years. In turn, quickest choice reaction time was approximately one year earlier in life. The most dynamic increase in the results of both simple reaction times was between the age of 7 and 8 years, whereas for choice reaction time this was between 10 and 11 years of age.

Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Sports Theory and Anthropomotorics, Institute of Sports, Faculty of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland,
  • Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Institute of Social Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
  • Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Institute of Social Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
  • 1. Schmidt r.A., Wrisberg c.A., Motor learning and performance. A situation-based learning approach. 4th edition. Human Kinetics, champaign 2008.
  • 2. Hitz P. Forschungszirkel “N.A. bernstein”, Phenomena of the human motor development [in German]. Hofmann, Schorndorf 2007.
  • 3. Hirtz P., Dierks b., Holtz A., Ludwig G., Lühnenschloß D., Vilkner H.J., Daum M., Motor skills. reaction [in German]. Hofmann, Schorndorf 2012.
  • 4. Kosinski r.J., A literature review on reaction time. clem-son University 2008. Available from UrL: http://biology.
  • 5. Taware G.b., bhutkar M.V., bhutkar P.M., Doijad V.P., Surdi A.D., Effect of age on audio-visual and whole body reaction time. Al Ameen J Med Sci, 2012, 5 (1), 90–94.
  • 6. Luchies c.W., Shiffman J., richards L.G., Thompson M.r., baziun D., DeYoung A.J., Effect of age, step direction, and reaction condition on the ability to step quickly. J Gerontol Series A, 2002, 57 (4), 246–249, doi: 10.1093/gerona/57.4.M246.[Crossref]
  • 7. Der G., Deary I.J., Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychol Aging, 2006, 21 (1), 62–73, doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.21.1.62.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • 8. Solanki J., Joshi N., Shah c., Mehta H.b., Gokhle P.A., A study of correlation between auditory and visual reaction time in healthy adults. Int J Med Public Health, 2012, 2 (2), 36–38.[Crossref]
  • 9. rose S.A., Feldman J.F., Jankowski J.J., caro D.M., A Longitudinal study of visual expectation and reaction time in the first year of life. Child Dev, 2002, 73 (1), 47–61, doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.0 0391.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 10. Jaworski J., Tchórzewski D., bujas P., Involution of simple and complex reaction times among people aged between 21 and 80 – the results of computer tests. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (2), 153–158, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0013-y.[Crossref]
  • 11. Sterkowicz S., Jaworski J., An assessment of the reliability of a custom test battery measuring motor coordination skills (pilot study) [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2006, 16 (36), 81–90.
  • 12. Mleczko E., The process and determinants of functional development of children from Kraków aged between 7 and 14 years of age [in Polish]. AWF, Kraków 1991, 44.
  • 13. Domholdt E., Physical therapy research. Principles and applications. 2nd edition. PA, Wb Saunders co, Philadelphia 2000, 347–359.
  • 14. Vienna Test System. Available from UrL: http://www.
  • 15. Apoorvagiri, Nagananda M.S., Mental stress and its implications on reaction time. Int J Comput Trends and Technology, 2013, 4 (5), 1426–1430.
  • 16. Sanders A.F., Elements of human performance: reaction processes and attention in human skill. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Mahwah, New Jersey 1998.
  • 17. Kandel E.r., Schwarz J.H., Jessell T.M., Principles of neural science. 4th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York 2000.
  • 18. Jevas S., Yan J.H., The effect of aging on cognitive function: A preliminary quantitative review. Res Q Exercise Sport, 2001, 72, A–49.
  • 19. raczek J., Mynarski W., Ljach W., Shaping and diagnosing motor coordination skills. A handbook for teachers, trainers, and students [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 2003.
  • 20. Hirtz P., Accents of formation of the coordination capacity during physical education classes in grades 1 to 10 [in German]. Körperziehung, 1978, 1, 340–344.
  • 21. Szopa J., Mleczko E., cempela J., Variability and genetic and environmental determinants of basic psychomotor and physiological features of an urban population aged 7–62 years [in Polish]. AWF, Kraków 1985, 25.
  • 22. Hirtz P., The individual variability of inter-individual motor development [in German]. In: Krug J., Hartmann c. (eds.), Praxisorientierte bewegungslehre als angewandte Sportmotorik. Akademia, Sankt Augustin 1998, 95–106.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.