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2014 | 15 | 2 | 74-79
Tytuł artykułu

Physical Fitness in Female Soccer Players by Player Position: A Focus on Anaerobic Power

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between player position and physical fitness, with an emphasis on anaerobic power, in female soccer players. Methods. For this purpose, 54 first league female soccer players were recruited. They included goalkeepers (n = 4, age 22.89 ± 4.37 years), defenders (n = 21, 21.92 ± 3.81 years), midfielders (n = 22, 21.71 ± 4.70 years) and attackers (n = 7, 20.43 ± 4.70 years). Participants’ anthropometric characteristics were measured and a physical fitness test battery was administered. Results. significant differences were observed in body fat percentage (F3,50 = 3.06, p = 0.036, n2 = 0.16) with goalkeepers being fatter than defenders (mean difference 6.1%; 95% CI 0.3,11.9). Positional differences were also found in the sit-and-reach test (F3,50 = 4.46, p = 0.007, n2 = 0.21), in which goalkeepers scored lower than defenders (-11.4 cm; 95% CI -21.4, -1.5) and midfielders (-10.0 cm; 95% CI -19.9, 0). Comparison of fat mass and endomorphy were statistically significant (p = 0.057 and p = 0.062, respectively), with goalkeepers showing the highest values; these differences were in the same direction as with body fat percentage. No positional differences were found in the other physical fitness components (aerobic capacity, anaerobic power, and muscle strength). Conclusions. Differences among player positions were observed in body composition (highest body fat percentage in goalkeepers) and flexibility (lowest score in goalkeepers). These trends are in agreement with previously published data concerning elite soccer players. These findings might be used as reference data by coaches and trainers to identify talent, select players, and monitor training.
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
2
Strony
74-79
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2014-02-02
zaakceptowano
2014-05-26
online
2014-08-15
Twórcy
  • Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Athens, Greece , pademil@hotmail.com
  • Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Andersson H.A., randers M.b., Heiner-Moller A., Krus-trup P., Mohr M., Elite female soccer players perform more high-intensity running when playing in international games compared with domestic league games. J Strength Cond Res, 2 010, 2 4 (4), 912 – 919, doi: 10.1519/ J sC.0b 013 e 3181d09f21.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 3. Milanovic Z., sporis G., Trajkovic N., Differences in body composite and physical match performance in female soccer players according to team position. J Hum Spor t Exerc, 2012, 7 (1), s67–s72, doi: 10.4100/jhse.2012.7. Proc1.08.[Crossref]
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  • 7. Parizkova J., body fat and physical fitness. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague 1977.
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  • 10. Ayala F., sainz de baranda P., De ste Croix M., san-tonja F., Absolute reliability of five clinical tests for assessing hamstring flexibility in professional futsal players. J Sci Med Sport, 2012, 15 (2), 142–147, doi: 10.1016/j. jsams.2011.10.002.[Crossref][WoS]
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  • 15. Zupan M.F., Arata A.W., Dawson L.H., Wile A.L., Payn T.L., Hannon M.E., Wingate Anaerobic Test peak power and anaerobic capacity classifications for men and women intercollegiate athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2009, 23 (9), 2598–2604, doi: 10.1519/JsC.0b013e3181b1b21b.[Crossref]
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  • 18. bouhlel E., bouhlel H., Chelly M.s., Tabka Z., relationship between maximal anaerobic power measured by force-velocity test and performance in the counter movement jump and in the 5-jump test in moderately trained boys. Sci Sports, 2006, 21 (1), 1–7, doi: 10.1016/j.scispo. 2005.08.004.[Crossref]
  • 19. Nikolaidis P.T., Age-related differences in force-velocity characteristics in youth soccer. Kinesiol, 2012, 44 (2), 130–138.
  • 20. Perez-Gomez J., rodriguez G.V., Ara I., Olmedillas H., Cha-varren J., González-Henriquez J.J. et al., role of muscle mass on sprint performance: Gender differences? Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008, 102 (6), 685–694, doi: 10.1007/500421 -007-0648-8.[Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2014-0006
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