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Czasopismo
2013 | 14 | 4 | 340-346
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of kinematic parameters of gait in Brazilian children using a low-cost procedure

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of the study was to describe the gait kinematic behaviour of healthy Brazilian children aged 6-11 years old and examine the influence of age and gender on the analysed kinematic characteristics. Methods. A descriptive study that investigated the gait of 119 children (60 boys and 59 girls) aged 6-11 years was conducted. Data were stratified according to age (6-7 years, 8-9 years, 10-11 years) and gender and its impact over spatiotemporal gait parameters was assessed. An inexpensive yet satisfactorily valid and objective motion capture system was employed to compute gait parameters. Results. Non-normalised and normalised averages of stride length, step length, cadence and velocity from 119 participants were 1.23 ± 0.17 m and 1.8 ± 0.2, 0.63 ± 0.11 m and 0.9 ± 0.1 m, 117.9 ± 11.4 steps/min and 311.9 ± 23.9 steps/min, 72.5 ± 11.1 m/min and 27.9 ± 4.5 m/min, respectively. Stance and swing means (%GC) were 58.1% ± 3.3% and 41.9% ± 3.3%, respectively. Step and stride length increased with advancing age, while cadence decreased. A significant difference (p = 0.005) was found between Group 2 (8-9 years) and 3 (10-11 years) for normalised velocity. No significant differences between groups were found for other non-dimensional variables. Comparisons between boys and girls showed no differences (p > 0.05) in any spatiotemporal gait parameters. Conclusions. The gait kinematic behaviour of 119 Brazilian children was described using a low-cost instrumented gait analysis system. Gender was not a significant modifying factor for gait among the examined children. Our findings suggest a partially immature gait kinematic pattern in children aged between 6 to 11 years. Additional studies are needed to examine whether the differences between our results and those reported in the literature are due to issues of internal or external validity.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
4
Strony
340-346
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2014-02-14
Twórcy
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Ganley K.J., Powers C.M., Gait kinematics and kinetics of 7-year-old children: a comparison to adults using age-specific anthropometric data. Gait Posture, 2005, 21 (2), 141-145, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.01.007.[Crossref]
  • 3. Chester V.L., Tingley M., Biden E.N., A comparison of kinetic gait parameters for 3-13 year olds. Clin Biomech, 2006, 21 (7), 726-732, doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech. 2006.02.007.[Crossref]
  • 4. Dusing S.C., Thorpe D.E., A normative sample of temporal and spatial gait parameters in children gait using the GAITRite electronic walkway. Gait Posture, 2007, 25 (1), 135-139, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.06.003.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
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  • 6. Ferreira C., Carvalho L., Neves L., Cavalcante A., Lage G., Ugrinowitsch H. et al., Motor skills analysis in children aged 6-8 years old. [in Portuguese]. Rev Port Cien Desp, 2004, 4, 166-167.
  • 7. Maforte J., Xavier A., Neves L., Cavalcante A., Albuquerque M., Ugrinowitsch H. et al., Analysis of fundamental movement patterns in students from seven to nine years old. Braz J Phys Educ Sport, 2007, 21 (3), 195-204.
  • 8. Moreno-Hernández A., Rodrígues-Reyes G., Quiñones- Urióstegui I., Núñez-Carrera L., Pérez-SanPablo A.I., Temporal and spatial gait parameters analysis in non-pathological Mexican children. Gait Posture, 2010, 32 (1), 78-81, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.03.010.[Crossref][WoS]
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  • 10. Chagas D., Leporace G., Praxedes J., Batista L.A., Age-related changes in gait of healthy Brazilian children. [in Portuguese]. Anais do XIV Congresso Brasileiro de Biomecânica; 2011 Jun 8-11; Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
  • 11. Araújo P.A., Kirkwood R.N, Figueiredo E.M., Validity and intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Observational Gait Scale for children with spastic cerebral palsy [in Portuguese]. Braz J Phys Ther, 2009, 13 (3), 267-273, doi: 10.1590/ S1413-35552009005000033.[Crossref]
  • 12. McGingley J.L., Goldie P.A., Greenwood K.M., Olney S.J., Accuracy and reliability of observational gait analysis data: judgments of push-off in gait after stroke. Phys Ther, 2003, 83 (2), 146-160.
  • 13. Martin K., Hoover D., Wagoner E., Wingler T., Evans T., O’Brien J. et al., Development and reliability of an observational gait analysis tool for children with Down Syndrome. Pediatr Phys Ther, 2009, 21 (3), 261-268, doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181b13bca.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 14. Toro B., Nester C.J., Farren P.C., The development and validity of the Salford Gait Tool: an observation-based clinical gait assessment tool. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 2007, 88 (3), 321-327, doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2006.12.028.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 15. McLean S.G., Walker K., Ford K.R., Myer G.D., Hewett T.E., van den Bogert A.J., Evaluation of a two dimensional analysis method as a screening and evaluation tool for anterior cruciate ligament injury. Br J Sports Med, 2005, 39 (6), 355-362, doi:10.1136/bjsm.2005.018598.[Crossref]
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  • 17. Weyand P.G., Smith B.R., Puyau M.R., Butte N.F., The massspecific energy cost of human walking is set by stature. J Exp Biol, 2010, 213 (23), 3972z-3979, doi: 10.1242/ jeb.048199.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 18. Pulido-Valdeolivas I., Gómez-Andrés D., Martín-Gonzalo J.A., López-López J., Gómez-Barrena E., Sánchez- Hernández J.J. et al., Gait parameters in a reference sample of healthy Spanish schoolchildren: Multivariate descriptive statistics and asymmetries observed in left and right cycles [in Spanish]. Neurologia, 2013, 28 (3), 145-152, doi: 10.1016/j.nrleng.2012.04.010.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 19. Hollman J.H., McDade E.M., Petersen R.C., Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults. Gait Posture, 2011, 34 (1), 111-118, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost. 2011.03.024.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 20. Hof A.L., Scaling gait data to body size. Gait Posture, 1996, 4 (3), 222-223, doi: 10.1016/0966-6362(95)01057-2.[Crossref]
  • 21. Sutherland D., Olshen R., Biden E., Wyatt M., The Development of Mature Walking. Mac Keith Press, London 1988.
  • 22. Cohen J., Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd edn. Erlbaum, Hillsdale 1988.
  • 23. Beck R.J., Andriacchi T.P., Kuo K.N., Fermier R.W., Galante J.O., Changes in the gait patterns of growing children. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1981, 63 (9), 1452-1457.
  • 24. Mariano C.R.E, David A.C., Spatiotemporal parameters of walking in slow, free and fast speed in children between 3 and 8 years old [in Portuguese]. Revista da Educação Física, 2010, 21 (4), 625-632, doi: 10.4025/reveducfis. v21i4.8309.[Crossref]
  • 25. Sutherland D., The development of mature gait. Gait Posture, 1997, 6 (2), 163-170, doi: 10.1016/S0966-6362 (97)00029-5.[Crossref]
  • 26. Zijlstra W., Prokop T., Berger W., Adaptability of leg movements during normal treadmill walking and split-belt walking in children. Gait Posture, 1996, 4 (3), 212-221, doi: 10.1016/0966-6362(95)01065-3.[Crossref]
  • 27. Lockhart T.E., Woldstad J.C., Smith J.L., Effects of age-related gait changes on the biomechanics of slips and falls. Ergonomics, 2003, 46 (12), 1136-1160, doi: 10.1080/ 0014013031000139491.[Crossref]
  • 28. Stansfield B.W., Hillman S.J., Hazlewood M.E., Robb J.E., Regression analysis of gait parameters with speed in normal children walking at self-selected speeds. Gait Posture, 2006, 23 (3), 288-294, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2005.03.005. [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0041
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