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Czasopismo
2013 | 14 | 4 | 305-309
Tytuł artykułu

Habitual physical activity patterns of inner-city children

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is an essential step in addressing the obesity epidemic and, ultimately, developing programs that reverse this trend. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the habitual physical activity patterns of Hispanic and African-American children living in a northeastern USA urban environment. Methods. Participants included 39 inner-city children (10.5 ± 0.61 years old; 78% African American, 14% Hispanic; 85% free/reduced lunch; 20.3 ± 4.3 BMI with 45% overweight/obese). Children wore a pedometer for seven consecutive days. Means and standard deviations were calculated and Student’s t test was utilized to examine difference across gender and day of the week. Results. Children averaged 9535 ± 2594 steps/day. The weekday step count mean was 10090 ± 2939 and the weekend step count was 7557 ± 4337, = 2533. Students were significantly more active during the week; t(16) = 2.38, p = 0.03. Children averaged 10610 ± 2842 steps on physical education weekdays and 8338 ± 2802 steps on non-physical education weekdays. Children were significantly more active on days with physical education classes; t(30) = 4.7, p = 0.00,Δ = 2272. Conclusions. Very few children in the current sample met daily step recommendations. Our results support previous research that suggests that the ‘suburban built’ environment is more conducive to promoting physical activity than the inner city. Our sample was less active than those in the majority of other studies exploring physical activity in primary school-aged children. Our findings (compared with previous research) found reduced physical activity among African-American children, especially girls.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
4
Strony
305-309
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2014-02-14
Twórcy
  • The College at Brockport, Brockport, NY, USA
  • The College at Brockport, Brockport, NY, USA
  • The College at Brockport, Brockport, NY, USA
Bibliografia
  • 1. Kohl H.W., Craig C.L., Lambert E.V., Inoue S., Alkandari J.R., Leetongin G. et al., The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet, 2012, 380 (9638), 294-305, doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60898-8.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 3. Beets M.W., Bornstein D., Beighle A., Cardinal B.J., Morgan C.F., Pedometer-measured physical activity patterns of youth: a 13-country review. Am J Prev Med, 2010, 38 (2), 208-216, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.09.045.[Crossref]
  • 4. Mokdad A.H., Marks J.S., Stroup D.F., Gerberding J.L., Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000. JAMA, 2004, 291 (10), 1238-1245, doi:10.1001/jama.291.10.1238.[Crossref]
  • 5. Ogden C.L., Carroll M.D., Curtin L.R., Lamb M.M., Flegal K.M., Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA, 2010, 303 (3), 242-249, doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.2012.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 6. Tudor-Locke C., McClain J.J., Hart T.L., Sisson S.B., Washington T.L., Expected values for pedometer-determined physical activity in youth. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2009, 80 (2), 164-174, doi: 10.1080/02701367.2009.10599550.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 7. Brusseau T.A., Kulinna P.H., Tudor-Locke C., Ferry M., van der Mars H., Darst P.W., Pedometer-determined segmented physical activity patterns of fourth-and fifthgrade children. J Phys Act Health, 2011, 8 (2), 279-286.
  • 8. Johnson T.G., Brusseau T.A., Vincent-Graser S., Step counts of 10- to 11-year-old children by ethnicity and metropolitan status. J Phys Act Health, 2010, 7 (3), 355-363.
  • 9. Tudor-Locke C., Craig C.L., Beets M.W., Belton S., Cardon G.M., Duncan S. et al., How many steps/day are enough? for children and adolescents. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2011, 8 (1), 78, doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-78.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 10. Brusseau T.A., Kulinna P.H., Tudor-Locke C., Ferry M., Daily physical activity patterns of children living in an American Indian community. J Phys Act Health, 2013, 10 (1), 48-53.
  • 11. Brusseau T., Kulinna P., Tudor-Locke C., van der Mars H., Darst P., Children’s step counts on weekend, physical education, and non-physical education days. J Hum Kin, 2011, 27 (1), 123-134. doi: 10.2478/v10078-011-0010-4.[Crossref]
  • 12. Rowe D., Mahar M., Raedeke T.D., Lore J., Measuring physical activity in children with pedometers: Reliability, reactivity, and replacement of missing data. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 2004, 16 (4), 343-354.
  • 13. Oh H.J., Hannon J., Williams D.P., Physical activity differences by birthplace and sex in youth of Mexican heritage. J Phys Act Health, 2012, 9 (4), 500-507.
  • 14. Johnson T.G., Brusseau T.A., Darst P.W., Kulinna P.H., White-Taylor J., Step counts of non-white minority children and youth by gender, grade level, race/ethnicity and mode of school transportation. J Phys Act Health, 2010, 7 (6), 730-736.
  • 15. Ogden C.L., Kuczmarski R.J., Flegal K.M., Mei Z., Guo S., Wei R. et al., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version. Pediatr, 2002, 109 (1), 45-60, doi: 10.1542/ peds.109.1.45.
  • 16. U.S. Census Bureau, State & County Quickfacts: Monroe County, N.Y. Retrieved January 25, 2013, Available from http://quickfacts.census.gov.
  • 17. Barfield J.P., Rowe D.A., Michael T.J., Interinstrument consistency of the Yamax Digi-Walker pedometer in elementary school-aged children. Meas Phys Educ Exerc Sci, 2004,8 (2), 109-116, doi: 10.1207/s15327841mpee0802_5.[Crossref]
  • 18. Vincent S.D., Sidman C.L., Determining measurement error in digital pedometers. Meas Phys Educ Exerc Sci, 2003, 7 (1), 19-24, doi: 10.1207/S15327841MPEE0701_2.[Crossref]
  • 19. Tudor-Locke C., Williams J.E, Reis J.P, Pluto D., Utility of pedometers for assessing physical activity: convergent validity. Sports Med, 2002, 32 (12), 795-808, doi: 10.2165/00007256-200232120-00004.[Crossref]
  • 20. Colley R.C., Janssen I., Tremblay M.S., Daily step target to measure adherence to physical activity guidelines in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2012, 44 (5), 977-982, doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31823f23b1.[Crossref]
  • 21. Laurson K.R., Eisenmann J.C., Welk G.J., Wickel E.E., Gentile D.A., Walsh D.A., Evaluation of youth pedometer- determined physical activity guidelines using receiver operator characteristic curves. Prev Med, 2008, 46 (5), 419-424, doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.12.017.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 22. Brusseau T.A., Tudor-Locke C., Kulinna P.H., Are children meeting any of the suggested step recommendations? Biomed Hum Kin, 2013, 5 (1), 11-16, doi: 10.2478/bhk-2013-0003.[Crossref]
  • 23. Beighle A., Alderman B., Morgan C.F., Le Masurier G., Seasonality in children’s pedometer-measured physical activity levels. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2008, 79 (2), 256-260, doi: 10.1080/02701367.2008.10599488.[Crossref]
  • 24. Sallis J.F., Prochaska J.J., Taylor W.C., A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2000, 32 (5), 963-975.[Crossref]
  • 25. Davison K.K., Cutting T.M., Birch L.L., Parents’ activity- related parenting practices predict girls’ physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003, 35 (9), 1589-1595, doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000084524.19408.0C.[Crossref]
  • 26. Carver A., Timperio A., Crawford D., Playing it safe: The influence of neighbourhood safety on children’s physical activity. A review. Health Place, 2008, 14 (2), 217-227, doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.06.004.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 27. Beighle A., Erwin H., Morgan C.F., Alderman B., Children’s in-school and out-of-school physical activity during two seasons. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2012, 83 (1), 103-107, doi: 10.1080/02701367.2012.10599830.[Crossref]
  • 28. Brusseau T.A., Kulinna P.H., Kloeppel T., Ferry M., Seasonal variation of American Indian children’s school-day physical activity. Biomed Hum Kin, 2012, 4, 76-81, doi: 10.2478/v10101-012-0015-z.[Crossref]
  • 29. Beets M.W., Huberty J., Beighle A., Physical activity of children attending afterschool programs: Research-and practice-based implications. Am J Prev Med, 2012, 42 (2), 180-184, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.10.007.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 30. Bershwinger T., Brusseau T.A., The impact of classroom activity breaks on the school-day physical activity of rural children. Int J Exerc Sci, 2013, 6 (2), 134-143.
  • 31. Sandercock G., Angus C., Barton J., Physical activity levels of children living in different built environments. Prev Med, 2010, 50 (4), 193-198, doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.01.005. [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0036
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