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2013 | 14 | 3 | 200-204
Tytuł artykułu

The Relationship Between Physical Fitness and Quality of Life in Adults and the Elderly

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between physical fitness and various aspects of quality of life in middle-aged adults and the elderly. Methods. The sample included 216 women and 43 men, living in a medium-sized city in Poland aged 50-84 years. Physical fitness was determined using a test battery specifically designed for the elderly (Senior Fitness Test); grip strength by the dominate hand was also measured. The short form of the WHOQOL-BR EF questionnaire was used to evaluate quality of life. Four domains (physical, psychological, social relationships, environment) of quality of life as well as overall quality of life and health were self-assessed. Results. Among the selected components of physical fitness measured in the study, the assessment of overall quality of life in women was related to upper limb strength and, depending on the quality of life domain, also with upper or lower body flexibility. In men, the only factor influencing their overall assessment was upper body flexibility, whereas cardiorespiratory efficiency was the only factor influencing their detailed self-assessment of the physical health domain. Additionally, the self-assessment of general health in men was significantly positively correlated with cardiopulmonary efficiency. In women, the general health assessment was correlated with upper limb strength and upper body flexibility. Conclusions. It was concluded that after the fifth decade of life, physical fitness plays a greater role in improving the self-assessment of quality of life in women than men. Physical activity undertaken by middle-aged and elderly adults should focus on first improving cardiorespiratory efficiency and then strength and flexibility.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
3
Strony
200-204
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-09-01
online
2013-10-15
Twórcy
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. The WHOQOL Group, The World Health Organisation quality of life assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organisation. Soc Sci Med, 1995, 41 (10), 1403-1409, doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00112-K.[Crossref]
  • 2. Drewnowski A., Evans W.J., Nutrition, physical activity, and quality of life in older adults: summary. J GerontolA Biol Sci Med Sci, 2001, 56 (Suppl. 2), 89-94, doi: 10.1093/ gerona/56.suppl_2.89.[Crossref]
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  • 4. Iwanowicz E., Health promotion for elderly people [in Polish]. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska,Lublin - Polonia, Sectio D, 2005, LX (150, Suppl. XVI), 181-184.
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  • 6. Fox K.R., The influence of physical activity on mental well-being. Public Health Nutr, 1999, 2 (Suppl. 3a), 411-418, doi: 10.1017/S1368980099000567.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 7. Kerse N.M., Flicker L., Jolley D., Arroll B., Young D., Improving the health behaviours of elderly people: randomised controlled trial of a general practice education programme. BMJ, 1999, 319, 683-687, doi: 10.1136/bmj. 319.7211.683.[Crossref]
  • 8. Spirduso W.W, Cronin D.L., Exercise dose-response effects on quality of life and independent living in older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001, 33 (Suppl. 6), S598-S608.[Crossref]
  • 9. Stachoń A., Burdukiewicz A., Pietraszewska J., Andrzejewska J., Chromik K., Biological symptoms of aging in women regarding physical activity and lifestyle. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (2), 172-178, doi:10.2478/v10038-010-0023-1.[Crossref]
  • 10. Głębocka A., Szarzyńska M., Social support and well-being among the elderly [in Polish]. Gerontologia Polska, 2005, 13 (4), 255-259.
  • 11. Grzegorczyk J., Kwolek A., Bazarnik K., Szeliga E., Wolan A., Quality of life of nursing home residents and senior mature students [in Polish]. Przegląd MedycznyUniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2007, 3, 225-233.
  • 12. Knurowski T., Lazić D., Van Dijk J.P., Madarasova Geckova A., Tobiasz-Adamczyk B., van den Heuvel W.J.A., Survey of Health Status and Quality of Life of the Elderly in Poland and Croatia. Croat Med J, 2004, 45 (6), 750-756.
  • 13. Jones J., Rikli R., Measuring functional fitness of older adults. J Active Aging, 2002, March-April, 24-30.
  • 14. O’Carroll R.E. Smith K., Couston M., Cossar J.A., Hayes P.C., A comparison of the WHOQOL-100 and the WHOQOL-BR EF in detecting change in quality of life following liver transplantation. Qual Life Res, 2000, 9 (1), 121-124, doi: 10.1023/A:1008901320492.[Crossref]
  • 15. Skevington S.M., Measuring quality of life in Britain: Introducing the WHOQOL-100. J Psychosom Res, 1999, 47 (5), 449-459, doi: 10.1016/S0022-3999(99)00051-3.[Crossref]
  • 16. Skevington SM., O’Connell K.A., Can we identify the poorest quality of life? Assessing the importance of quality of life using the WHOQOL-100. Qual Life Res, 2004, 13 (1), 23-34, doi: 10.1023/B:QURE.0000015317.71791.be.[Crossref]
  • 17. Wojszel B., Bien B., Health and fitness of the population of people in advanced old age in a big city and rural environments [in Polish]. In: Charzewski J. (red.), Aging Problems, Fourth Anthropological Workshop. AWF, Warszawa 2001, 37-53.
  • 18. Osiński W., Physical activity undertaken by elderly [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2002, 24, 3-24.
  • 19. Paffenbarger R.S.Jr., Hyde R.T., Wing A.L., Lee J.M., Kampert J.B., Some interrelations of physical activity, physiological fitness, health and longevity. In: Bouchard C., Shepard R.J., Stephens T. (ed.), Physical Activity, fitness, health. Human Kinetics Books, Champaign 1994, 119-133.
  • 20. Król-Zielińska M., Zieliński J., Kusy K., Physical activity of women and men after 60 years of age [in Polish]. UniversitatisMariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin - Polonia,Sectio D Medicina, 2005, LX (3, Suppl. XVI), 128-132.
  • 21. Osiński W. (ed.), Impact of aging on physical activity, fitness and health. AWF, Poznań 2006.
  • 22. Muszalik M., Kędziora-Kornatowska K., Quality of life of chronically ill elderly [in Polish]. Gerontologia Polska, 2006, 14 (4), 185-189.
  • 23. Fleg J.L., Morrell C.H., Bos A.G., Brant L.J., Talbot L.A., Wright J.G. et al., Accelerated longitudinal decline of aerobic capacity in healthy older adults. Circulation, 2005, 112 (5), 674-682, doi: 10.1161/ CIRC ULATIONAH.105. 545459.[Crossref]
  • 24. Bogowolska-Wepsięć M., Dąbrowska G., Klakočar J., Machaj Z., Pierzchalska A., Pisarczyk-Bogacka E. et al., Living condition of seniors in Lower Silesia. The Study Report. Part II. Analysis of study results [in Polish]. Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Dolnośląskiego, Wrocław 2007. Available from: http://www.dops.wroc.pl/publikacje.php.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0023
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