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2013 | 14 | 2 | 144-147
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of Vertical and Horizontal Plyometric Exercises on Running Speed

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of vertical, horizontal and a combination of both vertical and horizontal plyometric exercises (depth jumping) on running speed. Methods. A purposively selected sample of 80 male students were randomly assigned into either a control group or groups training the vertical depth jump, horizontal depth jump or a combination of both. The experimental groups trained twice weekly for 10 weeks, performing 6 sets of 10 repetitions per session. Drop height was increased from 20 to 40 cm according to the step method. Running speed was measured by a 45.72 m dash test before and after the 10-week period. Results. Analysis of covariance was applied to compare scores. A pair-wise comparison was performed using Scheffe’s post-hoc test at a 0.05 level of confidence. The results showed significant improvements among the three experimental groups as compared with the control group, whereas a comparison between the three experimental groups was found to be insignificant. The percentage of performance increase from pre-test to post-test running speed was 2.23%, 2.96% and 3.57% for the groups training vertical, horizontal and both vertical and horizontal depth jumps, respectively. Conclusions. A combination of both vertical and horizontal depth jumping, with a slightly larger emphasis on horizontal plyometric training, can aid sprinters’ performance.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
2
Strony
144-147
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-06-01
online
2013-07-11
Twórcy
  • University College, Dhilwan, India
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Chu D.A., Jumping into plyometrics. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1998.
  • 3. Chu D., Plyometrics: The link between strength and speed. NSCA Journal, 1983, 5, 20-21.
  • 4. Freeman W., Freeman E., Plyometrics: complete training for all sports. Championship books, Ames 1984.
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  • 6. de Villarreal E.S.S., González-Badillo J.J., Izquierdo M., Low and moderate Plyometric training frequency produces greater jumping and sprinting gains compared with high frequency. J Strength Cond Res, 2008, 22 (3), 715-725, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318163eade.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 7. Lima J.C., Marin D.P., Barquilha G., da Silva L.O., Puggina E.F., Pithon-Curi T.C., Hirabara S.M., Acute effects of drop jump potentiation protocol on sprint and countermovement vertical jump performance. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (4), 324-330, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0036-4.[Crossref]
  • 8. Read M.M., Cisar C., The influence of varied rest interval lengths on depth jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2001, 15 (3), 279-283.[PubMed]
  • 9. Verkhoshansky Y., Perspectives in the improvement of speed-strength preparation of jumpers. Yessis Review ofSoviet Physical Education and Sports, 1969, 4, 28-34.
  • 10. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Youth Fitness Test Manual. AAHPER Publication, Reston 1976.
  • 11. Gemar J.A., The effects of weight training and Plyometric training on vertical jump, standing long jump and forty- meter sprint. J Phys Educ Sports, 1988, 12 (2), 22-26.
  • 12. Tamrakar A., Singh K., Effects of weight training, plyometric training and their combination on selected motor components. J Sports Sports Sci, 2001, 24 (4), 5-14.
  • 13. Polhemus R., Osina M., The effects of plyometric training with ankle and vest weights on conventional weight training programme for men. Track Field Q Rev, 1984, 80 (4), 59-61.
  • 14. Luhtanen P., Komi P.V., Mechanical factors influencing running speed. In: Asmussen E., Jorgensen K. (eds.), Biomechanics VI. University Park Press, Baltimore 1978, 23-29.
  • 15. Lundin P., Berg W., A review of plyometric training. NationalStrength and Conditioning Association Journal, 1991, 13 (6), 22-30.
  • 16. Miller M.G., Herniman J.J., Ricard M.D., Cheatham C.C., Michael T.J., The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. J Sports Sci Med, 2006, 5, 459-465.
  • 17. Makaruk H., Sacewicz T., Effects of plyometric training on maximal power output and jumping ability. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (1), 17-22, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0007-1.[Crossref]
  • 18. Pettitt R., The role of Plyometrics in the scope of a periodized training model. J Perform Enhan, 1999, 1 (1), 11-20.
  • 19. Dintiman G., Ward R., Tellez T., Sports speed (2nd edn.). Human Kinetics, Champaign 1997.
  • 20. Mach G., Tschiene P., McNab T., McWatt B., Lydiard A., Ocean coaches clinic. Auckland, New Zealand, January 4-12, 1979.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0017
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