PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2013 | 14 | 2 | 96-101
Tytuł artykułu

Characteristics of body tissue composition and functional traits in junior football players

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the body tissue composition and functional traits of young football players. Methods. Analysis was performed on 23 junior football players. Body mass and height were measured. Bioelectrical impedance was used to assess the players’ body composition (fat mass, muscle mass, body cell mass and extracellular mass). The body mass index, body cell mass index and the extracellular mass/body cell mass ratio were also calculated. Functional traits were assessed by a one-on-one football game in an enclosed space with the objective to score the highest number of goals in a timed setting. Measurements of HRrest, HRmax and heart rate reserve were used to evaluate the efficiency of the subjects’ cardiovascular systems. Results. Insignificant differences in body tissue composition and cardiovascular efficiency were found regardless of what position was played. Overall, forwards were characterised by having the greatest height, the highest level of active body tissue development and the most efficient cardiovascular systems. Defenders were characterised by having larger body build, while midfielders displayed a significantly greater percentage of extracellular mass and EMC in relation to BC M. Conclusions. The results reveal that trends exist in the body tissue composition and cardiovascular efficiency of football players depending on which position they play. These differences reflect the varied physical efforts players perform during a match and should be taken into consideration when designing training programmes.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
2
Strony
96-101
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-06-01
online
2013-07-11
Twórcy
autor
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Wisloff U., Helgerud J., Hoff J., Strength and endurance of elite soccer players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1998, 30, 462-467.[Crossref]
  • 2. Gorostiaga E.M., Izquierdo M., Ruesta M., Iribarren J., Gonzalez-Badillo J.J., Ibanez J., Strength training effects on physical performance and serum hormones in young soccer players. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004, 91, 698-707, doi: 10.1007/s00421-003-1032-y.[Crossref]
  • 3. McMillan K., Helgerud J., Macdonald R., Hoff J., Physiological adaptations to soccer specific endurance training in professional youth soccer players. Br J Sports Med, 2005, 39, 273-277, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.012526.[Crossref]
  • 4. Tanaka H., Monahan K.D., Seals D.R., Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2001, 37, 153-156, doi: 10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01054-8.[Crossref]
  • 5. Bricout V.-A., Dechenaud S., Favre-Juvin A., Analyses of heart rate variability in young soccer players: The effects of sport activity. Auton Neurosci, 2010, 154, 112-116, doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2009.12.001.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 6. Uth N., Sorensen H., Overgaard K., Pedersen P.K., Estimation of VO2max from the ratio between HRmax and HRrest - the Heart Rate Ratio Method. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004, 91, 111-115, doi: 10.1007/s00421-003-0988-y.
  • 7. Stroyer J., Hansen L., Klausen K., Physiological profile and activity pattern of young soccer players during match play. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2004, 36, 168-174, doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000106187.05259.96.[Crossref]
  • 8. Esposito F., Impellizzeri F.M., Margonato V., Vanni R., Pizzini G., Veicsteinas A., Validity of heart rate as an indicator of aerobic demand during soccer activities in amateur soccer players. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004, 93, 167-172, doi: 10.1007/s00421-004-1192-4.[Crossref]
  • 9. Burdukiewicz A., Janusz A., Physical capacity and fitness of children and youths as related to their somatic development. Biol Sport, 1995, 12, 175-188.
  • 10. Malina R.M., Eisenmann J.C., Cumming S.P., Ribeiro B., Aroso J., Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004, 91, 555-562, doi: 10.1007/s00421-003-0995-z.[Crossref]
  • 11. Malina R.M, Ribeiro B., Aroso J., Cumming S.P., Characteristics of youth soccer players aged 13-15 years classified by skill level. Br J Sports Med, 2007, 41, 290-295, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.031294.[Crossref]
  • 12. Philippaerts R.M., Vaeyens R., Janssens M., van Renterghem B., Matthys D., Craen R. et al., The relationship between peak height velocity and physical performance in youth soccer players. J Sports Sci, 2006, 24, 221-230, doi: 10.1080/02640410500189371.[Crossref]
  • 13. Hulthen L., Bengtsson B.-A., Sunnerhagen K.S., Hallberg L., Grimby G., Johannsson G., GH is needed for the maturation of muscle mass and strength in adolescents. Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2001, 86, 4765-4770, doi: 10.1210/jc.86.10.4765.[Crossref]
  • 14. Silvestre R., West C., Maresh C.M., Kraemer W.J., Body composition and physical performance in men’s soccer: A study of A National Collegiate Athletic Association Division Iteam. J Strength Cond Res, 2006, 20, 177-183, doi: 10.1519/R-17715.1.[Crossref]
  • 15. Pantelis T. N., Anaerobic Power across Adolescence in Soccer Players. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (4), 342-347, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0039-1.[Crossref]
  • 16. Maynard L.M., Wisemandle W., Roche A.F., Chumlea W.C., Guo S.S., Siervogel R.M., Childhood body composition in relation to Body Mass Index. Pediatrics, 2001, 107, 344-350, doi: 10.1542/peds.107.2.344.[Crossref]
  • 17. Mirkov D.M, Kukolj M., Ugarkovic D., Koprivica V.J., Jaric S., Development of anthropometric and physical performance profiles of young elite male soccer players: A longitudinal study. J Strength Cond Res, 2010, 24, 2677-2682, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e27245.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 18. Bale P., Mayhew J.L., Piper F.C., Ball T.E., Willman M.K.J., Biological and performance variables in relation to age in male and female adolescent athletes. J Sports MedPhys Fitness, 1992, 32, 142-148.
  • 19. Vicente-Rodriguez G., Ara I., Perez-Gomez J., Serrano- Sanchez J.A., Dorado C., Calbet J.A.L., High femoral bone mineral density accretion in prepubertal soccer players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2004, 36, 1789-1795.[Crossref]
  • 20. Calbet J.A.L., Dorado C., Diaz-Herrera P., Rodriguez-Rodriguez L.P., High femoral bone mineral content and density in male football (soccer) players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001, 33, 1682-1687, doi: 10.1097/00005768-200110000-00011.[Crossref]
  • 21. Sutton L., Scott M., Wallace J., Reilly T., Body composition of English Premier League soccer players: Influence of playing position, international status, and ethnicity. J SportsSci, 2009, 27, 1019-1026, doi: 10.1080/02640410903030305.[Crossref]
  • 22. Wittich A., Oliveri M.B., Rotemberg E., Mautalen C., Body Composition of Professional Football (Soccer) Players Determined by Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry. J ClinDensitom, 2001, 4, 51-55.
  • 23. Wang Z.M., Heshka S., Wang J., Gallagher D., Deurenberg P., Chen Z. et al., Metabolically active portion of fatfree mass: a cellular body composition level modeling analysis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 2007, 292, 49-53, doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00485.2005.[Crossref]
  • 24. Andreoli A., Melchiorri G., Brozzi M., Marco A., Volpe S.L., Garofano P. et al., Effect of different sports on body cell mass in highly trained athletes. Acta Diabetol, 2003, 40, S122-S125, doi: 10.1007/s00592-003-0043-9.[Crossref]
  • 25. Hazir T., Physical characteristics and somatotype of soccer players according to playing level and position. J HumKinet, 2010, 26, 83-95, doi: 10.2478/v10078-010-0052-z.[Crossref]
  • 26. Melchiorri G., Monteleone G., Andreoli A., Calla C., Sgroi M., De Lorenzo A., Body cell mass measured by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy in professional football (soccer) players. Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2007, 47, 408-412.
  • 27. Banfi, G., Del Fabbro M., Relation between serum creatinine and body mass index in elite athletes of different sport disciplines. Br J Sports Med, 2006, 40 (8), 675-678, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.026658.[Crossref]
  • 28. 28. Talluri A., Liedtke R., Mohamed E.I., Maiolo C., Martinoli R., De Lorenzo A., The application of body cell mass index for studying muscle mass changes in health and disease conditions. Acta Diabetol, 2003, 40, S286- S289, doi: 10.1007/s00592-003-0088-9.[Crossref]
  • 29. Orhan O., Sağir M., Zorba E., Kishali N. F., A comparison of somatotypical values from the players of two football teams playing in Turkcell Turkish super league on the basis of the players’ positions. J Phys Educ Sport Manag, 2010, 1, 1-10.
  • 30. Randakova R., Effect of regular training on body composition and physical performance in young cross-country skiers: as compared with normal controls. Acta UnivPalacki Olomuc Gymn, 2005, 35, 17-35.
  • 31. Bunc V., Body composition as a determining factor in the aerobic fitness and physical performance of Czech children. Acta Univ Palacki Olomuc Gymn, 2006, 36, 39-45.
  • 32. Impellizzeri F.M., Rampinini E., Marcora S.M., Physiological assessment of aerobic training in soccer. J SportsSci, 2005, 23, 583-592, doi: 10.1080/02640410400021278.[Crossref]
  • 33. Gil S.M., GIL J., Ruiz F., Irazusta A., Irazusta J., Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: Relevance for the selection process. J Strength Cond Res, 2007, 21, 438-445, doi: 10.1519/R-19995.1. [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0010
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.