PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 44 | 1 | 237-248
Tytuł artykułu

The Properties of Water and their Applications for Training

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The biological effects of immersion in water, which are related to the fundamental principles of hydrodynamics, may be beneficial in certain training contexts. The effects and physical properties of water, such as density, hydrostatic pressure and buoyancy are highly useful resources for training, when used as a counterbalance to gravity, resistance, a compressor and a thermal conductor. Not only does the aquatic medium enable a wider range of activities to be used in a context of low joint impact, but it also constitutes a useful tool in relation to sports rehabilitation, since it allows the athlete to return to training earlier or to continue with high-intensity exercise while ensuring both low joint impact and greater comfort for the individual concerned. Moreover, this medium enables the stimulation of metabolic and neuromuscular systems, followed by their corresponding physiological adaptations allowing both to maintain and improve athletic performance. Hydrotherapy can also play a beneficial role in an athlete’s recovery, helping to prevent as well as treat muscle damage and soreness following exercise.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
44
Numer
1
Strony
237-248
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
zaakceptowano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-30
Twórcy
  • Complex Systems in the Sport Research Group, Barcelona, Spain
Bibliografia
  • Al Haddad H, Laursen P, Chollet D, Lemaitre F, Ahmaidi S, Buchheit M. Effect of cold or thermoneutral water immersion on post-exercise heart rate recovery and heart rate variability indices. Auton Neurosci-Basic, 2010; 156: 111-116[Crossref]
  • Alberton CL, Cadore EL, Pinto SS, Tartaruga MP, da Silva EM, Martins Kruel LF. Cardiorespiratory, neuromuscular and kinematic responses to stationary running performed in water and on dry land. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2011; 111: 1157-1166[Crossref]
  • Arazi H, Asadi A. The effect of aquatic and land plyometric training on strength, sprint, and balance inyoung basketball players. J Hum Sport Exercise, 2011; 6: 101-111[Crossref]
  • Arazi H, Coetzee B, Asadi A. Comparative effect of land- and aquatic-based plyoetric training on jumping ability and agility of young basketball players. South African J Res Sport Phys Edu Recreation, 2012; 34: 1-14
  • Bahnert A, Norton K, Lock P. Association between post-game recovery protocols, physical and perceived recovery, and performance in elite Australian Football League players. J Sci Med Sport, 2013; 16: 151-156[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Barela AM, Stolf SF, Duarte M. Biomechanical characteristics of adults walking in shallow water and on land. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 2006; 16: 250-256[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Becker BE. Aquatic Therapy: Scientific Foundations and Clinical Rehabilitation Applications. Pm&R, 2009; 1: 859-872[PubMed]
  • Bieuzen F, Bleakley CM, Costello JT. Contrast Water Therapy and Exercise Induced Muscle Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Plos One, 2013; 8: e62356[Crossref]
  • Bleakley C, McDonough S, Gardner E, Baxter GD, Hopkins JT, Davison GW. Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012
  • Bongers CC, Thijssen DH, Veltmeijer MT, Hopman MT, Eijsvogels TM. Precooling and percooling (cooling during exercise) both improve performance in the heat: a meta-analytical review. Br J Sports Med, 2014; 19: 2013-092928
  • Bove A. Medical disorders related to diving. J Intensive Care Med, 2002; 17: 75-86[Crossref]
  • Buchheit M, Al Haddad H, Chivot A, Lepretre PM, Ahmaidi S, Laursen PB. Effect of in- versus out-of-water recovery on repeated swimming sprint performance. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 108: 321-327[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Buchheit M, Peiffer JJ, Abbiss CR, Laursen PB. Effect of cold water immersion on postexercise parasympathetic reactivation. Am J Physiol-Heart C, 2009; 296: H421-H427
  • Bushman BA, Flynn MG, Andres FF, Lambert CP, Taylor MS, Braun WA. Effect of 4 wk of deep water run training on running performance. Med Sci Sport Exercise, 1997; 29: 694-699[Crossref]
  • Colado JC, Garcia-Masso X, Gonzalez LM, Triplett NT, Mayo C, Merce J. Two-leg squat jumps in water: an effective alternative to dry land jumps. Int J Sport Med, 2010; 31: 118-122[Crossref]
  • Colado JC, Tella V, Travis Triplett N, Gonzalez LM. Effects of a short-term aquatic resistance programe on strength and body composition in fit young men. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 549-559[Crossref]
  • Darby LA, Yaekle BC. Physiological responses during two types of exercise performed on land and in the water. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2000; 40: 303-311 de Souza A, Pinto S, Kanitz A, Rodrigues B, Alberton C, da Silva E, Martins L. Physiological comparisons between aquatic resistance training procols with and without equipment. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26: 276-283
  • Delextrat A, Hippocrate A, Leddington-Wright S, Clarke ND. Including Stretches to a Massage Routine Improves Recovery From Official Matches in Basketball Players. J Strength Cond Res, 2014; 28: 716[Crossref][PubMed]
  • DeMaere JM, Ruby BC. Effects of deep water and treadmill running on oxygen uptake and energy expenditure in seasonally trained cross country runners. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 1997; 37: 175-181
  • Donoghue OA, Shimojo H, Takagi H. Impact forces of plyometric exercises performed on land and in water. Sports Health, 2011; 3: 303-309[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Dowzer C, Reilly T, Cable N. Effects of deep and shallow water running on spinal shrinkage. Brit J Sport Med, 1998; 32: 44-48[Crossref]
  • Fontana H, Haupenthal A, Ruschel C, Pizzolatti A, Cerutti P, Roesler H. Comparison of ground reaction forces between in-place and forward water running at two levels of immersion. Portuguese J Sport Sci, 2011; 11: 495-498
  • Gatti CJ, Young RJ, Glad HL. Effect of water-training in the maintenance of cardiorespiratory endurance of athletes. Br J Sports Med, 1979; 13: 161-164[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Haff GG. Aquatic Cross Training for Athletes: Part I. Strength Cond J, 2008; 20: 18-26[Crossref]
  • Haupenthal A, Fontana H, Ruschel C, dos Santos D, Roesler H. Ground reaction forces in shallow water running are affected by immersion level, running speed and gender. J Sci Med Sport, 2013; 16: 348-352[Crossref]
  • Haupenthal A, Ruschel C, Fontana H, Santos D, Cerutti P, Helio R. Load during the vertical jump in water: values for prescription in hydrotherapy. Portuguese J Sport Sci, 2011; 11: 515-518
  • Haupenthal A, Ruschel C, Hubert M, Fontana H, Roesler H. Loading forces in shallow water running at two levels of inmersion. J Rehab Med, 2010; 42: 664-669
  • Higgins D, Kaminski T. Contrast therapy does not cause fluctuations in human gastrocnemius intramuscular temperature. J Athl Training, 1998; 33: 336-340
  • Higgins T, Cameron M, Climstein M. Evaluation of passive recovery, cold water immersion, and contrast baths for recovery, as measured by game performances markers, between two simulated games of rugby union. J Strength Cond Res, 2012[PubMed]
  • Ingram J, Dawson B, Goodman C, Wallman K, Beilby J. Effect of water immersion methods on post-exercise recovery from simulated team sport exercise. J Sci Med Sport, 2009; 12: 417-421[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Jones K, Waters D, Legge M, Jones L. Upright water-based exercise to improve cardiovascular and metabolic health: a qualitative review. Complement Ther Med, 2011; 19: 93-103[Crossref]
  • Killgore GL. Deep-Water Running: A Practical Review of the Literature with an Emphasis on Biomechanics. Physician Sportsmed, 2012; 40: 116-126[Crossref]
  • King M, Duffield R. The effects of recovery interventions on consecutive days of intermittent sprint exercise.[PubMed]
  • J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 1795-1802 LaStayo PC, Woolf JM, Lewek MD, Snyder-Mackler L, Reich T, Lindstedt SL. Eccentric muscle contractions: Their contribution to injury, prevention, rehabilitation, and sport. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2003; 33: 557-571
  • Leeder J, Gissane C, van Someren K, Gregson W, Howatson G. Cold water immersion and recovery from strenuous exercise: a meta-analysis. Brit J Sport Med, 2012; 46: 233-240[Crossref]
  • Martel GF, Harmer ML, Logan JM, Parker CB. Aquatic plyometric training increases vertical jump in female volleyball players. Med Sci Sport Exercise, 2005; 37: 1814-1819[Crossref]
  • Meredith-Jones K, Waters D, Legge M, Jones L. Upright water-based exercise to improve cardiovascular and metabolic health: A qualitative review. Complement Ther Med, 2011; 19: 93-103[Crossref]
  • Miller M, Berry C, Bullard S, Gilders R. Comparisons of Land-Based and Aquatic-Based Plyometric Programs During an 8-Week Training Period. J Sport Rehabil, 2002; 11: 268-283
  • Parouty J, Al Haddad H, Quod M, Lepretre PM, Ahmaidi S, Buchheit M. Effect of cold water immersion on 100-m sprint performance in well-trained swimmers. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 109: 483-490[Crossref]
  • Peiffer JJ, Abbiss CR, Watson G, Nosaka K, Laursen PB. Effect of cold-water immersion duration on body temperature and muscle function. J Sports Sci, 2009; 27: 987-993[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Pinto SS, Cadore EL, Alberton CL, Silva EM, Kanitz AC, Tartaruga MP, Kruel LF. Cardiorespiratory and neuromuscular responses during water aerobics exercise performed with and without equipment. Int J Sport Med, 2011; 32: 916-923
  • Pinto SS, Cadore EL, Alberton CL, Zaffari P, Bagatini NC, Baroni BM, Radaelli R, Lanferdini FJ, Colado JC, Pinto RS, Vaz MA, Bottaro M, Kruel LF. Effects of intra-session exercise sequence during water-based concurrent training. Int J Sport Med, 2014; 35: 41-48
  • Reilly T, Dowzer CN, Cable NT. The physiology of deep-water running. J Sports Sci 2003; 21: 959-972[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Robey E, Dawson B, Halson S, Gregson W, Goodman C, Eastwood P. Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: a pilot study. Eur J Sport Sci, 2014; 14: 410-417[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Robinson LE, Devor ST, Merrick MA, Buckworth J. The effects of land vs. aquatic plyometrics on power, torque, velocity, and muscle soreness in women. J Strength Cond Res, 2004; 18: 84-91
  • Roesler H, Haupenthal A, Schutz GR, de Souza PV. Dynamometric analysis of the maximum force applied in aquatic human gait at 1.3 m of immersion. Gait & Posture, 2006; 24: 412-417[Crossref]
  • Ross M, Abbiss C, Laursen P, Martin D, Burke L. Precooling Methods and Their Effects on Athletic Performance A Systematic Review and Practical Applications. Sport Med, 2013; 43: 207-225[Crossref]
  • Stanley J, Buchheit M, Peake JM. The effect of post-exercise hydrotherapy on subsequent exercise performance and heart rate variability. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2012; 112: 951-961[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Stemm JD, Jacobson BH. Comparison of land- and aquatic-based plyometric training on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2007a; 21: 568-571[PubMed]
  • Stemm JD, Jacobson BH. Comparison of land- and aquatic-based plyometric training on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2007b; 21: 568-571[PubMed]
  • Thein JM, Brody LT. Aquatic-based rehabilitation and training for the elite athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1998; 27: 32-41[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Torres R, Ribeiro F, Duarte JA, Cabri JMH. Evidence of the physiotherapeutic interventions used currently after exercise-induced muscle damage: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther Sport, 2012; 13: 101-114[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Tyler C, Sunderland C, Cheung S. Effect of cooling prior to and during exercise on exercise performance and capacity in the heat: a meta-analysis. Brit J Sport Med, 2013
  • Vaile J, Halson S, Gill N, Dawson B. Effect of cold water immersion on repeat cycling performance and thermoregulation in the heat. J Sports Sci, 2008; 26: 431-440[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Vaile J, Halson S, Gill N, Dawson B. Effect of hydrotherapy on the signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008 102: 447-455[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Versey N, Halson S, Dawson B. Effect of contrast water therapy duration on recovery of cycling performance: a dose-response study. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2011; 111: 37-46[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Versey NG, Halson SL, Dawson BT. Water Immersion Recovery for Athletes: Effect on Exercise Performance and Practical Recommendations. Sport Med, 2013; 43: 1101-1130[Crossref]
  • Wegmann M, Faude O, Poppendieck W, Hecksteden A, Froehlich M, Meyer T. Pre-Cooling and Sports Performance A Meta-Analytical Review. Sport Med, 2012; 42: 545-564[Crossref]
  • White G, Wells G. Cold-water immersion and other forms of cryotherapy: physiological changes potentially affecting recovery from high-intensity exercise. Extreme Physiol Med, 2013; 2: 26[Crossref]
  • Wilber RL, Moffatt RJ, Scott BE, Lee DT, Cucuzzo NA. Influence of water run training on the maintenance of aerobic performance. Med Sci Sport Exercise, 1996; 28: 1056-1062[Crossref]
  • Wilcock I, Cronin J, Hing W. Physiological response to water immersion: a method for sport recovery? Sport Med, 2006a; 36: 747-765[Crossref]
  • Wilcock I, Cronin J, Hing W. Water immersion: does it enhance recovery from exercise? Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2006b; 1: 195-206 [PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0129
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.