PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 44 | 1 | 211-221
Tytuł artykułu

Game Intensity Analysis of Elite Adolescent Ice Hockey Players

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of this study was to determine ice-hockey players’ playing intensity based on their heart rates (HRs) recorded during a game and on the outcomes of an incremental maximum oxygen uptake test. Twenty ice-hockey players, members of the Polish junior national team (U18), performed an incremental test to assess their maximal oxygen uptake (V̇ O2max) in the two week’s period preceding 5 games they played at the World Championships. Players’ HRs at the first and second ventilatory thresholds obtained during the test were utilized to determine intensity zones (low, moderate, and high) that were subsequently used to classify HR values recorded during each of the games. For individual intensity zones, the following HRs expressed as mean values and as percentages of the maximal heart rate (HRmax) were obtained: forwards 148-158 b⋅min-1 (79.5-84.8% HRmax), 159-178 b⋅min-1 (85.4-95.6% HRmax), 179-186 b⋅min-1 (96.1-100.0% HRmax); defensemen 149-153 b⋅min-1 (80.0-82.1% HRmax), 154-175 b⋅min-1 (82.6- 94.0% HRmax), 176-186 b⋅min-1 (94.5-100.0% HRmax). The amount of time the forwards and defensemen spent in the three intensity zones expressed as percentages of the total time of the game were: 54.91 vs. 55.62% (low), 26.40 vs. 22.38% (moderate) and 18.68 vs. 22.00% (high). The forwards spent more time in the low intensity zone than the defensemen, however, the difference was not statistically significant. The results of the study indicate that using aerobic and anaerobic metabolism variables to determine intensity zones can significantly improve the reliability of evaluation of the physiological demands of the game, and can be a useful tool for coaches in managing the training process.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
44
Numer
1
Strony
211-221
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
zaakceptowano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-30
Twórcy
  • Department of Statistics, Methodology and Informatics, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland, a.stanula@awf.katowice.pl
  • Department of Statistics, Methodology and Informatics, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Achten J, Jeukendrup AE. Heart rate monitoring: Applications and limitations. Sports Med, 2003; 33: 517-538[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Akubat I, Abt G. Intermittent exercise alters the heart rate-blood lactate relationship used for calculating the training impulse (TRIMP) in team sport players. J Sci Med Sport, 2011; 14: 249-253[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Bangsbo J, Nørregaard L, Thorsø F. Activity profile of competition soccer. Can J Sport Sci, 1991; 16: 110-116[PubMed]
  • Bracko MR. Time Motion Analysis of the Skating Characteristics of Professional Ice Hockey Players. Ph.D. Dissertation. Brigham Young University, University of Oregon, Eugene; 1992
  • Bracko MR, Hall LT, Fisher AG, Fellingham GW, Cryer W. Performance Skating Characteristics of Professional Ice Hockey Players. Sports Med Training Rehab, 1998; 8: 251-263[Crossref]
  • Chicharro JL, Hoyos J, Lucia A. Effects of endurance training on the isocapnic buffering and hypocapnic hyperventilation phases in professional cyclists. Br J Sports Med, 2000; 34: 450-455[Crossref]
  • Cox MH, Miles DS, Verde TJ, Rhodes EC. Applied physiology of ice hockey. Sports Med, 1995; 19: 184-201[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Cox MH. Physiology and ice hockey. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NHL Physicians Society in Montreal; 1993
  • Daub WB, Green HJ, Houston ME, Thomson JA, Fraser IG, Ranney DA. Specificity of physiologic adaptations resulting from ice-hockey training. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1983; 15: 290-294[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Davis JA. Direct determination of aerobic power. In: Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness (2nd ed.). Maud PJ, Foster C. eds. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 9-18; 2006
  • Duthie G, Pyne D, Hooper S. The reliability of video based time-motion analysis. J Hum Mov Stud, 2003a; 44: 259-272
  • Duthie G, Pyne D, Hooper S. Applied physiology and game analysis of rugby union. Sports Med, 2003b; 33: 973-991[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Esteve-Lanao J, San Juan AF, Earnest CP, Foster C, Lucia A. How do endurance runners actually train? Relationship with competition performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2005; 37: 496-504[Crossref]
  • Foster C, Cotter HM. Blood lactate, respiratory, and heart rate markers on the capacity for sustained exercise. In: Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness. Maud PJ, Foster C. eds. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 63-75; 2006
  • Green H, Bishop P, Houston M, McKillop R, Norman R, Stothart P. Time-motion and physiological assessments of ice hockey performance. J Appl Physiol, 1976; 40(2): 159-63[PubMed]
  • Green HJ, Daub BD, Painter DC, Thompson JA. Glycogen depletion patterns during ice hockey performance. Med Sci Sports, 1978; 10(4): 289-293[PubMed]
  • Hamilton AL, Nevill ME, Brooks S, Williams C. Physiological responses to maximal intermittent exercise: Differences between endurance-trained runners and games players. J Sports Sci, 1991; 9: 371-382[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Hills AP, Byrne NM, Ramage AJ. Submaximal markers of exercise intensity. J Sports Sci, 1998; 16: 71-76[Crossref]
  • Hoff J, Wisløff U, Engen LC, Kemi OJ, Helgerud J. Soccer specific aerobic endurance training. Br J Sports Med, 2002; 36: 218-221[Crossref]
  • Lafontaine D, Lamontagne M, Lockwood K. Time-motion analysis of ice-hockey skills during games. In: Riehle H, Vieten MM. eds. XVI International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, International Society for Biomechanics of Sports, Konstanz - Germany, 481-484; 1998
  • Léger L. On-ice hockey. In: Physiologie appliqué de l'activité physique. Nadeau M, Péronnet F. eds. Edisem inc, St Hyacinthe, Que, 115-129; 1980
  • Lothian F, Farrally M. A time-motion analysis of women’s hockey. J Hum Movement Stud, 1994; 26: 255-265
  • Lucia A, Hoyos J, Carvajal A, Chicharro JL. Heart rate response to professional road cycling: The Tour de France. Intern J Sports Med, 1999; 20: 167-172
  • McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2001
  • Minkoff J. Evaluating parameters of a professional hockey team. Am J Sports Med, 1982; 10: 285-292[Crossref]
  • Montgomery DL. Physiology of ice hockey. Sports Med, 1988; 5(2): 99-126[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Noonan BC. Intragame blood-lactate values during ice hockey and their relationships to commonly used hockey testing protocols. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24(9): 2290-2295[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Patterson DH, Cunningham DA, Penny DS, Lefcoe M, Sangal S. Heart rate telemetry and estimated energy metabolism in minor league ice hockey. Can J Appl Spt Sci, 1977; 2: 71-75
  • Peddie DL. Time-motion analysis and heart rate telemetry of ice hockey play. Master’s thesis, McGill University, National Library of Canada, Ottawa; 1995
  • Quinney HA, Belcastro A, Steadward RD. Seasonal fitness variations and pre-playoff blood analysis in National Hockey League players. Can J Appl Sports Sci, 1982; 7: 237
  • Roczniok R, Maszczyk A, Stanula A, Czuba M, Pietraszewski P, Kantyka J, Starzyński M. Physiological and physical profiles and on-ice performance approach to predict talent in male youth ice hockey players during draft to hockey team. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2013; 21(2): 121-127
  • Seiler KS, Kjerland GO. Quantifying training intensity distribution in elite endurance athletes: Is there evidence for an „optimal” distribution? Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2006; 16: 49-56[Crossref]
  • Sparks M, Coetzee B. The use of heart rates and graded maximal test values to determine rugby union game intensities. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27(2): 507-513[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Spiering BA, Wilson MH, Judelson DA, Rundell KW. Evaluation of cardiovascular demands of game play and practice in women’s ice hockey. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17: 329-333[PubMed]
  • Stanula A, Gabryś T, Szmatlan-Gabryś U, Roczniok R, Maszczyk A, Pietraszewski P. Calculating lactate anaerobic thresholds in sports involving different endurance preparation. J Exerc Sci Fit, 2013; 11(1): 12-18[WoS][Crossref]
  • Stanula A, Roczniok R, Maszczyk A, Pietraszewski P, Zając A. The role of aerobic capacity in high-intensity intermittent efforts in ice-hockey. Biol Sport, 2014; 31: 193-199[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Szmatlan-Gabryś U, Langfort J, Stanula A, Chalimoniuk M, Gabryś T. Changes in aerobic and anaerobic capacity of junior ice hockey players in response to specific training. J Hum Kinet, 2006; 15: 75-82
  • Thoden JS, Jette M. Aerobic and anaerobic activity patterns in junior and professional hockey. Movement (Special Hockey), 1975; 2: 145-153
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0126
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.