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2014 | 44 | 1 | 75-81
Tytuł artykułu

The Effect of Climbing Ability and Slope Inclination on Vertical Foot Loading Using a Novel Force Sensor Instrumentation System

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of climbing ability and slope inclination on vertical loading both in terms the forces involved and physiological responses. Five novice and six intermediate female climbers completed a climbing route at three slope inclinations (85°, 90°, and 98°). The vertical loading during the climb was assessed by force-time integral using a Novel Pedar-X insole and physiological responses via oxygen uptake and heart rate. The novice climbers had a significantly lower (p < 0.05) vertical loading on foot holds and higher oxygen uptake and heart rate compared to intermediate climbers. A significant negative correlation was identified between the force-time integral and oxygen uptake (R = -0.72), and with heart rate (R = -0.64), respectively. The time-force integral decreased across the ascents with increasing slope inclination (p < 0.001). The results indicate that more advanced ability climbers make greater use of foot holds, with associated lowering in physiological response (oxygen uptake and heart rate) across all slope inclinations.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
44
Numer
1
Strony
75-81
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
zaakceptowano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-30
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Technical University, Liberec, Czech Republic
  • School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Technical University, Liberec, Czech Republic
  • School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
autor
  • Faculty of Environment, Society and Design, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, New Zealand
autor
  • Department of Life Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK, N.Draper@derby.ac.uk
  • School of Sport and Physical Education, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Bibliografia
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  • Baláš J, Panáčková M, Strejcová B, Martin AJ, Cochrane DJ, Kaláb M, Kodejška J, Draper N. The relationship between climbing ability and physiological responses to rock climbing. Sci World J, 2014; 10.1155/2014/678387 de Moraes Bertuzzi RC, Franchini E, Kokubun E, Peduti Dal Molin Kiss MA. Energy system contributions in indoor rock climbing. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2007; 101: 293-300
  • Draper N, Couceiro Canalejo J, Fryer S, Dickson T, Winter D, Ellis G, Hamlin M, Shearman J, North C. Reporting climbing grades and grouping categories for rock climbing. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2011; 19(4): 273-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/IES-2011-0424[Crossref]
  • Giles LV, Rhodes EC, Taunton JE. The Physiology of rock climbing. Sports Med, 2006; 36: 529-545[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Grant S, Hynes V, Whittaker A, Aitchison T. Anthropometric, strength, endurance and flexibility characteristics of elite and recreational climbers. J Sport Sci, 1996; 14: 301-309[Crossref]
  • Mermier CM, Robergs RA, McMinn SM, Heyward VH. Energy expenditure and physiological responses during indoor rock climbing. Br J Sport Med, 1997; 31: 224-28[Crossref]
  • Noé F. Modifications of anticipatory postural adjustments in a rock climbing task: The effect of supporting wall inclination. J Electromyogr Kines, 2006; 16: 336-341[Crossref]
  • Noé F, Quaine F, Martin L. Influence of steep gradient supporting walls in rock climbing: biomechanical analysis. Gait Posture, 2001; 13: 86-94[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Phillips KC, Sassaman JM, Smoliga JM. Optimizing rock climbing performance through sport-specific strength and conditioning. Strength Cond J, 2012; 34: 1-18[WoS][Crossref]
  • Sheel AW. Physiology of sport rock climbing. Br J Sport Med, 2004; 38: 355-359[Crossref]
  • Watts PB, Drobish KM. Physiological responses to simulated rock climbing at different angles. Med Sci Sport Exer, 1998; 30: 1118-1122[Crossref]
  • Zampagni ML, Brigadoi S, Schena F, Tosi P, Ivanenko YP. Idiosyncratic control of the center of mass in expert climbers. Scand J Med Sci Sport, 2011; 21: 688-699 [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0112
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