PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 43 | 1 | 159-167
Tytuł artykułu

Gender’s Effect on a School-Based Intervention in the Prepubertal Growth Spurt

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Children aged 10-11 years pass through a dynamic developmental period marked by rapid changes in body size, shape, and composition, all of which are sexually dimorphic. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of gender on a school-based intervention in the prepubertal growth spurt. One hundred twenty-five healthy children (58 boys, 67 girls), fifth and sixth grade students from an urban public elementary school in Portugal (10.8 ± 0.4 years), were randomly assigned into two experimental groups: a strength training group (19 boys, 22 girls), and an endurance training group (21 boys, 24 girls); and a control group (18 boys, 21 girls; no training program). Training program for the two experimental groups was conducted twice a week for 8 weeks. Compared with the values at the beginning of the protocol, both strength and endurance training programs produced significant improvements (p< 0.05) in vertical and horizontal jumps, a 1 kg and 3 kg medicine ball throw, a 20 m sprint and VO2max, for both boys and girls. No significant changes were observed related to gender in training-induced strength (p> 0.05, ƞ_p^2= 0.16, Power= 0.29) and aerobic (p> 0.05, ƞ_p^2= 0.05, Power= 0.28) capacity. The results of the present study should be taken into consideration in order to optimize strength training school-based programs.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
43
Numer
1
Strony
159-167
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-11
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG, Guarda, Portugal)
  • Research Unit for Inland Development (UDI, Portugal).
  • University of Beira Interior. Department of Sport Sciences (UBI, Covilhã, Portugal)
  • Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development (CIDESD, Portugal).
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG, Guarda, Portugal)
  • Research Unit for Inland Development (UDI, Portugal).
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG, Guarda, Portugal)
  • Research Unit for Inland Development (UDI, Portugal).
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG, Guarda, Portugal)
  • Research Unit for Inland Development (UDI, Portugal).
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG, Guarda, Portugal)
  • Research Unit for Inland Development (UDI, Portugal).
  • Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre (Navarre, Spain).
  • University of Beira Interior. Department of Sport Sciences (UBI, Covilhã, Portugal)
  • Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development (CIDESD, Portugal).
  • University of Beira Interior. Department of Sport Sciences (UBI, Covilhã, Portugal), mariomarques@mariomarques.com
  • Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development (CIDESD, Portugal)
  • Universidade da Beira Interior. Departamento de Ciências do Desporto. Rua Marques de Ávila e Bolama. 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal Phone: 00351275329153; Fax: 00351275329157
Bibliografia
  • Baquet G, Van Praagh E, Berthoin S. Endurance training and aerobic fitness in young people. Sports Med, 2003; 33: 1127-1143[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Baxter-Jones AD, Maffulli N. Endurance in young athletes: it can be trained. Br J Sports Med, 2003; 37: 96-97[Crossref]
  • Cepero M, López R, Suárez-Llorca C, Andreucabrera E, Rojas F. Fitness test profiles in children aged 8-12 years old in Granada (Spain). J Hum Sport Exerc, 2011; 6: 135-146
  • De Ste Croix MB. Advances in paediatric strength assessment: changing our perspective on strength development. J Sport Sci Med, 2007; 6: 292-304
  • Dencker M, Thorsson O, Karlsson M, Lindén C, Eiberg S, Wollmer P, Andersen B. Gender differences and determinants of aerobic fitness in children aged 8-11 years. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2007; 99: 19-26[WoS]
  • D`Hont E, Deforche B, Bourdeaudhuij I, Lenoir M. Relationship between motor skill and Body Mass Index in 5-to 10-year-old children. Adapt Phys Act Q, 2009; 26: 21-37
  • Dobbins M, De Corby K, Robeson P, Husson H, Tirilis D. School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2009; CD007651
  • Duke PM, Litt IR, Gross RT. Adolescents' self-assessment of sexual maturation. Pediatrics, 1980; 66: 918-920[WoS]
  • Dumith SC, Ramires VV, Souza MA, Moraes DS, Petry FG, Oliveira ES, Ramires SV, Hallal PC. Overweight/Obesity and physical fitness among children and adolescents. J Phys Act Health, 2010; 7: 641-648[PubMed]
  • Faigenbaum A, Milliken L, Moulton L, Westcott W. Early muscular fitness adaptations in children in response to two different resistance training regimens. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 2005; 17: 237-248
  • Faigenbaum A, Milliken L, Westcott W. Maximal strength testing in children. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17: 162-166[PubMed]
  • Gastin PB, Bennetta G, Cookb J. Biological maturity influences running performance in junior Australian football. J Sci Med Sport, 2013; 16: 140-145[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Janssen I, Leblanc AG. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2010; 7: 40[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kriemler S, Meyer U, Martin E, van Sluijs EM, Andersen LB, Martin BW. Effect of school-based interventions on physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents: a review of reviews and systematic update. Br J Sports Med, 2011; 45: 923-930[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kriemler S, Zahner L, Schindler C, Meyer U, Hartmann T, Hebestreit H, Brunner-La Rocca H, van Mechelen H, Puder J. Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 2010; 340: c785
  • Léger LA, Mercier D, Gadoury C, Lambert J. The multistage 20 meter shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. J Sports Sci, 1988; 6: 93-101[Crossref]
  • Lillegard WA, Brown EW, Wilson DJ, Henderson R, Lewis E. Efficacy of strength training in prepubescent to early post-pubescent males and females: the effects of gender and maturity. Pediatr Rehabil, 1997; 1: 147-157[PubMed]
  • Malina R, Bouchard C. Growth maturation and physical activity. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 65-86; 1991
  • Marfell-Jones M, Olds T, Stewart A, Carter L. International standards for anthropometric assessment. Potchefstroom, South Africa: ISAK, 49-107; 2006
  • Marta C, Marinho DA, Barbosa TM, Carneiro AL, Izquierdo M, Marques MC. Effects of body fat and dominant somatotype on explosive strength and aerobic capacity trainability in prepubescent children. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27: 3233-3244[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Marta C, Marinho DA, Barbosa TM, Izquierdo M, Marques, MC. Physical fitness differences between prepubescent boys and girls. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26: 1756-1766[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Mendez-Villanueva A, Buchheit M, Kuitunen S, Douglas A, Peltola E, Bourdon P. Age-related differences in acceleration, maximum running speed, and repeated sprint performance in young soccer players. J Sports Sci, 2011; 29: 477-484[Crossref]
  • Obert P, Mandigouts S, Nottin S, Vinet A, N'Guyen LD, Lecoq AM. Cardiovascular responses to endurance training in children: effect of gender. Eur J Clin Invest, 2003; 33: 199-208[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Ozmun J, Mikesky A, Surburg P. Neuromuscular adaptations following prepubescent strength training. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1994; 26: 510-514[PubMed]
  • Ramsay J, Blimkie C, Smith K, Garner S, Macdougall J, Sale D. Strength training effects in prepubescent boys. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1990; 22: 605-614[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Rowland TW, Boyajian A. Aerobic response to endurance exercise training in children. Pediatrics, 1991; 96: 654-658
  • Ruiz JR, Castro-Pinero J, Artero EG, Ortega FB, Sjostrom M, Suni J, Castillo MJ. Predictive validity of healthrelated fitness in youth: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med, 2009; 43: 909-23[Crossref][WoS]
  • Sola K, Brekke N, Brekke M. An activity-based intervention for obese and physically inactive children organized in primary care: feasibility and impact on fitness and BMI a one-year follow-up study. Scand J Prim Health, 2010; 28: 199-204[WoS][Crossref]
  • Tsolakis C, Vagenas G, Dessypris A. Strength adaptations and hormonal responses to resistance training and detraining in preadolescent males. J Strength Cond Res, 2004; 18: 625-629 [PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0101
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.