PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 43 | 1 | 139-148
Tytuł artykułu

Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The object of the study was to analyze the relationship between aerobic fitness and body composition in postmenopausal women. We hypothesized that postmenopausal women that had higher adiposity had lower cardiorespiratory capacity, regardless of the characteristics of menopause. The sample included 208 women (57.57 ± 6.62 years), whose body composition and the basal metabolic rate were evaluated by octopolar bioimpedance (InBody 720) and the oxygen uptake by the modified Bruce protocol. Most of the sample showed obesity and a high visceral fat area. The visceral fat area and the basal metabolic rate explained 30% of the variation of oxygen uptake, regardless of age, time, nature or hormone therapy. The values of the latter variables were reduced in the presence of high central adiposity (-6.16 ml/kg/min) and the basal metabolic rate of less than 1238 kcal/day (-0.18 ml/kg/min). The women with oxygen uptake above 30.94 ml/kg/min showed lower values of total and central adiposity when compared with other groups. With an increase of aerobic fitness, there was a growing tendency of the average values of the soft lean mass index, with differences between the groups low-high and moderate-high. These results suggest worsening of the cardiorespiratory condition with an increase of central adiposity and a decrease of the BMR, regardless of age and menopause characteristics.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
43
Numer
1
Strony
139-148
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-11
Twórcy
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Exercise and Health, Research Center for Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal, hmoreira@utad.pt
  • Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Department of Sport Sciences, Exercise and Health, Quinta de Prados UTAD - Apartado 1013 - 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal. Phone: (351)259350972;
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports and Distance Education Center, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.
  • Department of Primary Care Master’s Program and Physical Education and Sports, University of Montes Claros and Integrated Colleges Pythagoras, Montes Claros, Brazil.
  • Department of Physical Education, Integrated College of North Mine, Montes Claros, Brazil.
  • Department of Physical Education, Integrated College of North Mine and Sports and Distance Education Center, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.
  • Department of Sport Sciences, Exercise and Health, Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences (CITAB), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.
Bibliografia
  • Aragão FR, Abrantes CG, Gabriel RE, Souza MF, Castelo-Branco MF, Camil MD, Moreira MH. Effects of body composition and menopause characteristics on maximum oxygen uptake of postmenopausal women. Menopause, 2011; 11: 1191-1197[WoS][Crossref]
  • Bhalla RC, Toth KF, Bhatt RA, Thompson LP, Sharma RV. Estrogen reduces proliferation and agonistinduced calcium increase in coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol, 1997; 272: H1996-2003
  • Bruce RA, Kusumi F, Hosmer D. Maximal oxygen intake and nomographic assessment of functional aerobic impairment in cardiovascular disease. Am Heart J, 1973; 85: 546-562[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Church TS, Martin CK, Thompson AM, Earnest CP, Mikus CR, Blair SM. Changes in weight, waist circumference and compensatory responses with different doses of exercise among sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women. Plos One, 2009; 4: 1-11[WoS]
  • Cunningham JJ. Body composition as a determinant of energy expenditure: a synthetic review and a proposed general prediction equation. Am J Clin Nutr, 1991; 54: 963-969[PubMed]
  • Gibson AL, Holmes JC, Desautels RL, Edmonds LB, Nuud L. Ability of new octapolar bioimpedance spectroscopy analyzers to predict 4-component-model percentage body fat in Hispanic, black, and white adults. Am J Clin Nutr, 2008; 87: 332-338[PubMed]
  • Greenlund LJ, Nair KS. Sarcopenia- consequences, mechanisms, and potencial therapies. Mech Ageing Dev, 2003; 124: 287-299[Crossref]
  • Hagberg JM, Zmuda JM, McCole SD, Rodgers KS, Wilund KR, Moore GE. Determinants of body composition in postmenopausal women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci., 2000; 55: M607-612[Crossref]
  • HHS. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 21-34; 2008
  • Hollenberg M, Yang J, Haight TJ, Tager IB. Longitudinal changes in aerobic capacity: implications for concepts of aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 2006; 61: 851-858[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Janssen I, Heymsfield SB, Ross R. Low relative skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) in older persons is associated with functional impairment and physical disability. J Am Geriatr Soc, 2002; 50: 889-896[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kardassis D, Bech-Hanssen O, Schönander M, Sjöström L, Petzold M, Karason K. Impact of body composition, fat distribution and sustained weight loss on cardiac function in obesity. Int J Cardiol, 2012; 159: 128-133[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Lemieux S, Bédard A, Pich ME, Weisnagel SJ, Corneau L, Bergeron J. Visceral adipose tissue accumulation and cardiovascular disease risk profile in postmenopausal women with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. Clin Endocrinol, 2011; 74: 340-345
  • Lohman TG, Going SB. Assessment of body composition and energy balance. In: Lamb D, Murray R, eds. Exercise, Nutrition, and Control of Body Weight. Carmel: Cooper Publishing Group, 61-99; 1998
  • Malavolti M, Mussi C, Poli M, Fantuzzi AL, Salvioli G, Battistini N, Bedogni G. Cross-calibration of eightpolar bioelectrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy subjects aged 21-82 years. Ann Hum Biol, 2003; 30: 380-391[Crossref]
  • Maltais ML, Desroches J, Dionne IJ. Changes in muscle mass and strength after menopause. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 2009; 9: 186-197[PubMed]
  • McArdle W, Katch F, Katch L. Essentials of Exercise Physiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 329-362; 2006
  • Medici G, Mussi C, Fantuzzi AL, Malavolt M, Albertazzi A, Bedogni G. Accuracy of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in peritoneal dialysis patients. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2005; 59: 932-937[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Mercuro G, Saiu F, Deidda M, Merculo S, Vitale C, Rosano GM. Effect of hormone therapy on exercise capacity in early postmenopausal women. Obstet Gynecol, 2007; 110: 780-787[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Messier V, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Barbat-Artigas S, Elisha B, Karelis AD, Albertin-Leheudre M. Menopause and sarcopenia: a potential role for sex hormones. Maturitas, 2011; 68: 331-336[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Ogawa H, Fujitani K, Tsujinaka T, Imanishi K, Shirakata H, Kantani A, Hirao M, Kurokawa Y, Utsumi S. InBody 720 as a new method of evaluating visceral obesity. Hepatogastroenterology. 2011; 58: 42-44
  • Pansini F, Cervellati C, Guariento A, Stacchini MA, Castaldini C, Bernardi A, Pascale G, Bonaccorsi G, Patella A, Bagni B, Mollica G, Bergamini C. Oxidative stress, body fat composition, and endocrine status in pre-and postmenopausal women. Menopause, 2008; 15: 112-118 Perez KS, Garber CE. Exercise prescritpion for the menopausal years: promoting and enhancing well-being. ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal, 2011; 15: 8-14[Crossref]
  • Perissinotto E, Pisent C, Sergi G, Grigoletto F, Enziet G. Anthropometric measurements in the elderly: age and gender differences. Brit J Nutr, 2002; 87: 177-186[Crossref]
  • Poehlman ET, Toth MJ, Gardner AW. Changes in energy balance and body composition at menopause: a controlled longitudinal study. Ann Intern Med, 1995; 123: 673-675[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Rolland Y, Lauwers-Cances V, Cristini C, Van Can A, Janssen I, Morley JE, Vellas B. Difficulties with physical function associated with obesity, sarcopenia, and sarcopenic-obesity in community-dwelling elderly women: the EPIDOS (EPIDemiologie de l'OSteoporose) Study. Am J Clin Nutr, 2009; 89: 1895-1900[Crossref][WoS]
  • Rolland Y, Vellas B. Sarcopenia. Rev Med Interne, 2009; 30: 150-160[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Rolland Y, Czerwinski S, Van Kan G, Morley JE, Cesari M, Onder G, Woo J, Baumgartner R, Pillard F, Boirie Y, Chumlea WM, Vellas B. Sarcopenia: its assessemt, etology, pathogenesis, consequences and future perspectives. J Nutr Health Aging, 2008; 12: 433-450[WoS][Crossref]
  • Roubenoff R, Hughes VA. Sarcopenia: current concepts. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 2000; 55: M716-724[Crossref]
  • Schrager MA, Metter EJ, Simonsick E, Ble A, Bandinelli S, Lauretani F, Ferrucci L. Sarcopenic obesity and inflammation in the InCHIANTI study. J Appl Physiol, 2007; 102: 919-25[WoS][PubMed]
  • Soules MR, Sherman S, Parrott E, Rebar R, Santoro N, Utian W, Woods N. Executive summary: Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW). Climacteric, 2001; 4: 267-272[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Szymczak J, Milewicz A, Thijssen JHH, Blankenstein NA, Daroszewski J. Concentration of sex steroids in adipose tissue after menopause. Steroids, 1998; 63: 319-321[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Teede HJ, Lombard C, Deeks AA. Obesity, metabolic complications and the menopause: an opportunity for prevention. Climacteric, 2010; 13: 203-209[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Valentine RJ, Misic MM, Rosengren KS, Woods JA, Evans EM. Sex impacts the relation between body composition and physical function in older adults. Menopause, 2009; 16: 518-523[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Volgyi E, Tylavsky FA, Lyytikainen A, Suominen H, Alén M, Chenq S. Assessing body composition with DXA and bioimpedance: effects of obesity, physical activity, and age. Obesity, 2008; 16: 700-705[WoS][Crossref]
  • Weiner CP, Lizasoain I, Baylis SA, Knowles RG, Charles IG, Moncada S. Induction of calcium-dependent nitric oxide synthases by sex hormones. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 1994; 91: 5212-5216[Crossref]
  • Williams MJ, Hunter GR, KekesSzabo T, Trueth MS, Snyder S, Berland L, Blaudeau T. Intra-abdominal adipose tissue cut-points related to elevated cardiovascular risk in women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 1996; 20: 613-617 [PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0099
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.