PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 43 | 1 | 125-130
Tytuł artykułu

Can Programmed or Self-Selected Physical Activity Affect Physical Fitness of Adolescents?

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of programmed and self-selected physical activities on the physical fitness of adolescents. High school adolescents, aged between 15 and 17 years, were divided into two experimental groups: a) a self-selected physical activity group (PAS) with 55 students (aged 15.7 ± 0.7 years), who performed physical activities with self-selected rhythm at the following sports: basketball, volleyball, handball, futsal and swimming; and b) a physical fitness training group (PFT) with 53 students (aged 16.0 ± 0.7 years), who performed programmed physical fitness exercises. Both types of activity were developed during 60 min classes. To assess physical fitness the PROESP-BR protocol was used. The statistical analysis was performed by repeated measures ANOVA. The measurements of pre and post-tests showed significantly different values after PFT in: 9 minute running test, medicine ball throw, horizontal jump, abdominal endurance, running speed and flexibility. After PAS differences were detected in abdominal endurance, agility, running speed and flexibility. The intervention with programmed physical activity promoted more changes in the physical abilities; however, in the self-selected program, agility was improved probably because of the practice of sports. Therefore, physical education teachers can use PFT to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and power of lower and upper limbs and PAS to improve agility of high school adolescents.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
43
Numer
1
Strony
125-130
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-11
Twórcy
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real/Portugal, caconeto@gmail.com
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil
  • Adress: Severino Alves Aires, nº 403, Tambauzinho, Zip Code: 58042-120 – Town: Paraíba - João Pessoa / Country: Brasil Phone: (55+83) 8832-0555
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real/Portugal
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil
  • Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, João Pessoa, Brazil.
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real/Portugal.
Bibliografia
  • ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2009; 3: 687-708[WoS]
  • ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2011; 7: 1334-59[WoS]
  • ACSM. Physical Activity and Bone Health. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2004; 11: 1985-96
  • Alves C, Lima RVB. Linear growth and puberty in children and adolescents: effects of physical activity and sports. Rev Paul Pediatr, 2008; 4: 383-9
  • Araujo SS, Oliveira ACC. Physical fitness in schoolchildren in Aracaju. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum, 2008; 3: 271-6
  • Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: Academic Press; 1988
  • Dishman RK, Farquhar RP, Cureton KJ. Responses to preferred intensities of exertion in men differing in activity levels. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1994; 6: 783-90[PubMed]
  • Dos Santos Farias E, de Carvalho WRG, Gonçalves EM, Guerra-Junior G. Effect of programmed physical activity on the physical fitness of adolescent students. Ver Bras Cineantropon Desempenho Hum, 2010; 12(2): 98-105
  • Fox III SM, Naughton JP, Haskell WL. Physical Activity and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease. Annals of Clinical Research, 1971; 3: 404-432
  • Freitas RWJF, Silva ARV, Araújo MFM, Marinho NBP, Damasceno MMC, Oliveira MR. Physical activity practice by adolescents from Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Rev Bras Enferm, 2010; 3: 410-5[PubMed]
  • Gaya A, Silva G. Manual application of measures and tests, standards and evaluation criteria. Porto Alegre, 6-14; 2007
  • Janssen I. Physical activity guidelines for children and youth. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism, 2007; 32: 109-121[Crossref]
  • Levandoski G, Cardoso FL, Cieslak F, Cardoso AS. Somatotype profile, antropometric variables, physical aptitude and motor behavior of juvenile athletes of female futsal team from Ponta Grossa/PR - Brazil. Fitness and Performance Journal, 2007; 3: 162-6
  • Mota J. The school and health promotion. Rev Fac Ed Fís University of Amazonas, 2000; 1: 71-74
  • Sabia RV, Santos JE, Ribeiro RPP. Effects of physical activity associated with nutritional guidance in obese adolescents: a comparison between aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Rev Bras Med Esporte, 2004; 5: 349-55
  • Santos BV, Elsangedy HM, Krinski K, Colombo H, Buzzachera CF, Silva SG. Can the walking at a selfselected intensity be effective to improve Cardiorrespiratory fitness in normal weight and obese women? Rev Educ Fis, 2009; 4: 587-95
  • Tanner JM. Growth at adolescence (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Scientific in: Malina RM, Bouchard C. Growth, maturation, and physical activity. Champaign: Human Kinetics Books; 1991
  • Tassitano RM, Bezerra J, Tenório MCM, Colares V, Barros MVG, Hallal PC. Physical activity among adolescents: a systematic review. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum, 2007; 9(1): 55-60
  • Vaeyens R, Philippaerts RM, Malina RM. The relative age effect in soccer: A match-related perspective. J Sports Sci, 2005; 7: 747-56[PubMed]
  • Willms VHB, Fachineto S. Physiological and metabolic responses in school children subjected to physical education classes focused on the development of cardiorespiratory fitness. Cinergis, 2011; 1: 40-7
  • World Health Organization. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0097
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.