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2014 | 43 | 1 | 25-32
Tytuł artykułu

Body Dissatisfaction and Self-Esteem in Female Students Aged 9-15: the Effects of Age, Family Income, Body Mass Index Levels and Dance Practice

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study aimed to analyze the effects of age, family income, body mass index and dance practice on levels of body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in female students. The sample consisted of 283 female subjects attending a public school with a mean age of 11.51±1.60 years and a mean body mass index of 18.72 kg/m2 (SD=3.32). The instruments used were the Body Dissatisfaction Scale for Adolescents and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, both of which showed good internal consistency (0.77 and 0.81, respectively). The tests were applied (two-factor ANOVA) to compare the students practicing and those not practicing dance; the differences in the levels of body dissatisfaction (p=0.104) and self-esteem (p=0.09) were considered significant. The results demonstrated that age negatively correlated with body dissatisfaction (r=-0.19; p<0.01) and that higher body mass index levels were associated with greater body dissatisfaction (r=0.15, p=0.016) and lower levels of self-esteem (r=-0.17, p<0.01) only in non-practitioners. The practice of dance had a significant effect on levels of body dissatisfaction (F=4.79; p=0.030; η2=0.02), but there was no significant difference in self-esteem (F=1.88; p=0.172; η2=0.02). It can be concluded that female children and adolescents practicing dance have higher self-esteem, and are more satisfied with their body weight and their appearance. Moreover, results showed that self-esteem and body dissatisfaction were influenced by the body mass index levels only in the nonpractitioners group.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
43
Numer
1
Strony
25-32
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
online
2014-12-11
Twórcy
  • Research Center for Sport, Health, and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, PORTUGAL.
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Physical Education - Graduate Program. Rio de Janeiro, RJ – BRAZIL, jsnovaes@terra.com.br
  • PhD. Associate Professor Graduate Program in Physical Education Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro Avenida Pau Brasil, 540 - Ilha do Fundão Rio de Janeiro – Brasil. 21941-590 Phone: (55+21) 2598-1894
  • Research Center for Sport, Health, and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, PORTUGAL.
  • Research Center for Sport, Health, and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, PORTUGAL.
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0086
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