PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 41 | 1 | 215-226
Tytuł artykułu

The Examination of Different Tests for the Evaluation of the Efficiency of the Eggbeater Kicks

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The eggbeater kick presents an important basic technical skill in water polo. The aim of this study was to examine some different tests in order to recommend the best ones for the evaluation of the eggbeater kick. Twenty eight young male water polo players performed one test (squat jump) on land and ten tests in water: tethered swimming with legs only, using alternating and simultaneous eggbeater kicks, jumps out of water from basic and vertical (arms vertically above the head) position, water start and swimming two meters and swimming horizontally with legs only five meters with a flying start. The differences between tests were checked by executing dependent t-tests, while Pearson"s correlation coefficients were calculated to evaluate the correlation between different parameters. Results showed that when performing alternate eggbeater kicks greater average forces were produced by the water polo players when compared to consecutive simultaneous eggbeater kicks. However, a short time maximal acceleration of the body in the vertical and horizontal plane was greater when the single simultaneous kick was performed. It was determined that horizontal swimming using legs only and a squat jump were less useful for the evaluation of the eggbeater kick. Therefore, the recommendation was to measure the average force of successive alternating eggbeater kicks, the height of the jump out of the water from the basic position and the water start and swim over a distance of 2 meters.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
41
Numer
1
Strony
215-226
Opis fizyczny
Daty
zaakceptowano
2014-06-01
online
2014-07-08
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Ljubljana, Faculty of sport.
  • University of Ljubljana, Faculty of sport.
Bibliografia
  • Bampouras TM, Marrin K. Reliability of the 30-seconds crossbar jumps water polo test in female players. Serb J Sports Sci,2010; 4: 69-73
  • Bratusa Z, Matkovic I, Dopsaj M. Model characteristics of water polo players’ movements in the vertical position during the competition. In: Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming IX.Eds: Chatard, J-C. Saint-Etienne, France: Publications de I'Universite de Saint-Etienne, 481-486; 2003
  • D'Auria S, Gabbett T. A time-motion analysis of international women's water polo match play. Int J Sports Physiol Perform,2008; 3: 305-19
  • Dopsaj M, Matković I. The structure of technical and tactical activities of water polo players in the first Yugoslav league during the game. In: Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming VIII,Eds: Keskinen K, Komi P, Hollander A. Jyväskylä, Finland: Gummerus Printing, 435-438; 1999
  • Dopsaj M, Aleksandrovic M. Basic anthropomorphological characteristics of elite senior Serbian water polo players according to field position. IJ Fitnes,2009; 5: 47-57
  • Falk B, Lidor R, Lander Y, Lang B. Talent identification and early development of elite water-polo players: a 2-year follow-up study. J Sports Sci,2004; 22: 347-355
  • Homma M, Homma M. Coaching points for the technique of the eggbeater kick in synchronized swimming based on three-dimensional motion analysis. Sports Biomech,2005; 5: 73-87[Crossref]
  • Jaric S, Markovic G. Leg muscles design: the maximum dynamic output hypothesis. Med. Sci Sport Exerc, 2009; 41: 780-7[Crossref]
  • McCluskey L, Lynskey S, Leung CK, Woodhouse D, Briffa K, Hoffer D. Throwing velocity and jump height in female water polo players: Performance predictors. J Sci Med Sport,2010; 13: 236-240[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Pinnington HC, Dawson B, Blanksby BA. Heart rate responses and the estimated energy requirements of playing water polo. J Hum Mov Stud,1988;15: 101-118
  • Platanou T. On water and dry land jump in water polo players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness,2005; 45: 26-31
  • Platanou T. Simple ‘in-water’ vertical jump testing in water polo. Kinesiology,2006; 38: 57-62
  • Sanders R. Analysis of the eggbeater kick used to maintain height in waterpolo. J Appl Biomech,1999; 15: 284291
  • Sanders R. Model of kinematic variables determining height achieved in water polo boosts. J Appl Biomech, 1999; 15: 270-283
  • Sanders R. Strength, flexibility and timing in the eggbeater kick. Available from URL: http://www.coachesinfo.com/article/, 2005
  • Stirn I, Strojnik V. Throwing with different kinetic chain. Rev Port Cienc Desp,2006; 6: 98-100
  • Stirn I. Assessment of some morphological characteristics and specific motor abilities in young water polo players in three different age groups. Antropomot.,2010; 51: 45-51
  • Tan F, Polglaze T, Dawson B, Cox G. Anthropometric and fitness characteristics of elite Australian female water polo players. J Strength Cond Res,2009; 23: 1530-1536[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Varamenti E, Platanou T. Comparison of anthropometrical, physiological and technical characteristics of elite senior and junior female water polo players: a pilot study. Open Sports Med J,2008; 2: 50-55[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0049
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.