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2014 | 40 | 1 | 181-187
Tytuł artykułu

Somatotype of Top-Level Serbian Rhythmic Gymnasts

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Body size and build influence performance in many sports, especially in those belonging to the group of female aesthetic sports (rhythmic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics, and figure skating). These sports pose high specific demands upon the functional, energy, motor and psychological capacities of athletes, but also upon the size, body build and composition of the performers, particularly of the top-level female athletes. The study of the top athletes (rhythmic gymnasts, in this case) may provide valuable information on the morphological requirements for achieving success in this sport. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to analyze the somatotype of 40 Serbian top-level rhythmic gymnasts, aged 13.04±2.79, and to form the five age group categories. The anthropometric variables included body height, body mass, the selected diameters, girths and skinfolds, and the Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype. All of the anthropometric data were collected according to International Biological Programme, and then processed in the Somatotype 1.2. The applied analysis of variance indicated an increase in endomorphic component with age. The obtained results show that the balanced ectomorph is a dominant somatotype, being similar for all of the athletes that took part in the research (3.54-3.24-4.5). These results are in line with the ones obtained in previous studies.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
1
Strony
181-187
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
online
2014-04-09
Twórcy
  • University of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia
Bibliografia
  • Amigo A, Sala V, Faciabén A, Evrard M, Marginet M, Zamora L. Height, weight, somatotype and body composition trends in rhythmic Spanish elite gymnasts from childhood to adulthood. Apunts Educacíon Física y Deportes, 2009; 95(1): 64-74
  • Carter JEL, Heath BH. Somatotyping. Development and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1990
  • Lapieza MG, Nuviala RJ, Castillo MC, Giner A. Morphological characteristics in adolescent rhythmic gymnasts and swimmers. Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, 1993; 30(118): 255-263
  • Lopéz-Benedicto A, Franco L, Terreros J. Rhythmic gymnastics. Physiological and anthropometrical evolution in the season. Archivos de medicina del deporte, 1991; 8(30): 127-133
  • Menezes LS, Filho JF. Identification and comparison of dermatoglyfics, somatotype and basic physical aptitude characteristics of rhythmic gymnasts of different qualification levels. Fitness & Performance Journal, 2006; 5(6): 393-401
  • Misigoj-Durakovic M. Anthropometry in Premenarcheal Female Esthetic Sports Athletes and Ballerinas. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), Handbook of Anthropometry (pp. 1817-1836). New York: Springer; 2012
  • Poliszczuk T, Broda D. Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics. Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, 2010; 16(2): 94-99
  • Quintero B, Martín A, Henríquez J. The anthropometric profile of rhythmic gymnasts. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 2011; 103(1): 48-55
  • Sánchez-Muñoz C, Zabala M, Williams K. Anthropometric Variables and its Usage to Characterise Elite Youth Athletes. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), Handbook of Anthropometry (pp. 1865-1888). New York: Springer; 2012
  • Vernetta M, Fernández E, López-Bedoya J, Gómez-Landero A, Oña A. The relations between morphological profile and body esteem of Andalusian rhythmic gymnastics team. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement, 2011; 26: 77-92
  • Weiner JS, Lourie JA. Human Biology, A guide to Field methods. International Biological Programme. Edinburgh: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1969
  • World Medical Association. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, 2002. Available at http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/06d0331/06D-0331-EC20-Attach-1.pdf; accessed on 01.05.2013
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0020
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