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2014 | 40 | 1 | 49-55
Tytuł artykułu

Ground Reaction Forces and Throwing Performance in Elite and Novice Players in Two Types of Handball Shot

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in the ground reaction force (GRF) patterns between elite and novice players during two types of handball shots, as well as the relationships between throwing performance and the GRF variables. Ball velocity and throwing accuracy were measured during jump shots and 3-step shots performed by 15 elite and 15 novice players. The GRF pattern was recorded for the vertical and the anterior-posterior GRF components (Kistler forceplate type-9281, 750Hz). One-way ANOVA was used for the group differences and the Pearson coefficient for the correlation between throwing performance and GRF variables (SPSS 21.0, p ≤ 0.05). The elite players performed better in both types of shot. Both groups developed consistent and similar GRF patterns, except for the novices’ inconsistent Fz pattern in the 3-step shot. The GRF variables differed significantly between groups in the 3-step shot (p ≤ 0.05). Significant correlations were found only for ball velocity and predominantly for the novice players during the 3-step shot (p ≤ 0.05). The results possibly highlight a shortage in the novice ability to effectively reduce their forward momentum so as to provide a stable base of support for the momentum transfer up the kinetic chain, a situation that may predispose athletes to injury.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
1
Strony
49-55
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
online
2014-04-09
Twórcy
  • Sport Biomechanics Lab-Department of Sport Medicine & Biology of Exercise, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, erousan@phed.uoa.gr
  • Department of Sport Games, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Department of Sport Games, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Sport Biomechanics Lab-Department of Sport Medicine & Biology of Exercise, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Bibliografia
  • Bayios I, Georgiadis G, Boudolos K. An innovative device for measuring accuracy of throwing in handball. Proceedings of the 16th ISBS, Konstanz, Germany, 1998: 59-62
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  • Lindner M, Kotschwar A, Zsoldos RR, Groesel M, Peham C. The jump shot - a biomechanical analysis focused on lateral ankle ligaments. J Biomech, 2012; 45: 202-206[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • MacWilliams BA, Choi T, Perezous MK, Chao EY, Mcfarland EG. Characteristic ground-reaction forces in baseball pitching. Am J Sports Med, 1998; 26: 66-71
  • Matsuo T, Escamilla RF, Fleisig GS, Barrentine SW, Andrews JR. Comparison of kinematic and temporal parameters between different pitch velocity groups. J Appl Biomech, 2001; 17: 1-13
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  • van den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A comparison between novices and experts of the velocity-accuracy trade-off in overarm throwing. Percept Mot Skills, 2006; 103: 503-514
  • Wagner H, Pfusterschmied J, von Duvillard S, Müller E. Performance and kinematics of various throwing techniques in team-handball. J Sports Sci Med, 2011; 10: 73-80
  • Wagner H, Pfusterschmied J, von Duvillard S, Müller E. Skill-dependent proximal-to-distal sequence in team-handball throwing. J Sports Sci, 2012; 30: 21-29[Crossref][WoS]
  • Whiting WC, Gregor RJ, Halushka M. Body segment and release parameter contributions to new-rules javelin throwing. Int J Sport Biomech, 1991; 7: 111-124
  • Willson JD, Dougherty CP, Ireland ML, Davis IM. Core stability and its relationship to lower extremity function and injury. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 2005; 13: 316-325
  • Zattara M, Bouisset S. Posturo-kinetic organization during the early phase of voluntary upper limb movement. 1. Normal subjects. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 1998; 51: 956-965
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0006
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