PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 40 | 1 | 29-35
Tytuł artykułu

Biomechanical Evaluation of the Phases of the Triple Jump Take-Off in a Top Female Athlete

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The triple jump is one of two track and field events in which the athlete aims to maximize the horizontal distance jumped. This jump is comprised of 3 take-off phases (hop, step, and jump), each playing an important role, as they require the jumper to tolerate extremely high forces of impact and to maintain a high level of horizontal velocity. The purpose of the study was to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of the 3 take-off phases in the triple jump in a top female athlete. The 3 take-off phases of the top national female triple jumper were videotaped and analyzed using 2D motion analysis. Three cameras (DSR-SR 68) were placed on the lateral sides of the 3 take-off points, to record the motions of the 3 take-off phases. Results indicated that maximum loss of the horizontal velocity was in the hop phase (1.13 m/s), while the maximum braking time was in the jump phase (0.05 sec). The maximum pushing time was in the jump phase (0.10 s), while the pushing time was equal in the hop and step phases (0.05 s). In conclusion, the success of the triple jump is the result of the physical and technical qualities of the jumper. The excessive loss in horizontal velocity during the 3 take-off phases is the main factor limiting the performance of the top female athlete.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
1
Strony
29-35
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
online
2014-04-09
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Physical Education for Girls, Helwan University, Egypt, amr297@yahoo.com
Bibliografia
  • Ai T, Michiyoshi A, Hiroyuki K, Yuya M, Megumi T. Analysis of the takeoff motion for the world top female triple jumpers. Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 2011; 11(Suppl. 2): 407-409
  • Dirk N, Zebas C. Predictors of horizontal velocity in the takeoff of the long jump, 6 International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 181-185; 1988
  • Donley M. Speed, technique and statistics in the women's triple jump. New Studies in Athletics, 1991; 6(3): 35-41
  • Hay JG. Effort distribution and performance of Olympic triple jumpers. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 1999; 15: 36-51
  • Helmar H. Biomechanical analyses of selected events at the 12th IAAF World Championships in Athletics, A Project by the German Athletics Federation, Berlin, Scientific Research Project Biomechanical Analyses, 2009
  • James G. The Biomechanics of Sport Techniques, Fourth Edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc.55; 1999
  • Koh TJ, Hay JG. Landing leg motion and performance in the horizontal jumps II: The triple jump. International. Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 1990; 6: 361-373
  • Miladinov O, Bonov P. Individual approach in improving the technique of triple jump for women. NewStudies in Athletics, 2004; 19(4): 27-36
  • Müller H, Brüggemann GP. Long jump. In: Müller, H, Hommel H. (Eds.), Biomechanical, Research Project at theVlth World Championships in, Athletics, Athens 1997: Preliminary Report. New Studies in Athletics, 1997; 12(2-3): 56-59
  • Perttumen J, Kyyolaiwen H, Komi P, Ari Heinheinonen A. Biomechanical loading in the triple jump. Journal of sports sciences, 2000; 18: 363 - 370[Crossref]
  • Stander R. Triple jump athletics omnibus - South Africa Book. Available at: http://www.bolandathletics.com/5-7%20Triple%20Jump.pdf; accessed on: 07.09.2012
  • Yu B, Hay JG. Optimum phase ratio in the triple jump. J Biomech, 1996; 29(10): 1283-9[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Yu B. Horizontal-to-vertical velocity conversion in the triple jump. J Sports Sci, 1999; 17(3): 221-9 [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0004
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.