PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 40 | 1 | 21-28
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of Body Mass Index and Full Body Kinematics on Tennis Serve Speed

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Effective training to improve serve speed is important for competitive tennis players. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of anthropometric factors and whole body kinematics of elite players on ball speed and to propose possible training strategies for improving the quality of tennis serves. Body and racket kinematics of tennis serves of 12 male elite Hong Kong players were investigated. The tennis serve was divided into four phases: I) Back-Swing Phase, II) Lead-Leg-Drive Phase, III) Forward-Swing Phase, and IV) Follow-Through Phase. It was shown that racket-side knee range of motion during phases II and III (r=0.705; p<0.05), racket-side knee peak extension velocity during phase II (r=0.751; p<0.01), racket-side hip peak extension velocity during phase II (r=0.657; p<0.05), racket-side shoulder range of motion in the coronal plane during phase III (r=0.616; p<0.05), racket-side elbow peak extension velocity during phase III (r=0.708; p<0.01) and body mass index (r=0.577; p<0.05) were significantly correlated with ball speed. Body mass index and the identified kinematic parameters that were significantly correlated with ball speed could be used as training guidelines for coaches and players to improve serve speed. Players should pay particular attention in training to increasing the extension velocity and range of motion of the identified joints.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
1
Strony
21-28
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
online
2014-04-09
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • School of Science and Technology, The Open University of Hong Kong
  • Department of Health & Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
Bibliografia
  • Bahamonde RE. Changes in angular momentum during the tennis serve. J Sports Sci, 2000; 18: 579-592[Crossref]
  • Chow JW, Carlton LG, Lim YT, Chae WS, Shim JH, Kuenster AF, Kokubun K. Comparing the pre- and postimpact ball and racquet kinematics of elite tennis players' first and second serves: a preliminary study. J Sports Sci, 2003; 21: 529-537[Crossref]
  • Chu D. Abdominal muscle pulls in tennis players. Int Tennis Federal Coaches Rev, 1996; 10
  • Correia PP, Veleso A. Neuromuscular patterns in the serve. Int Tennis Federal Coaches Rev, 1998; 16
  • Elliott B. Biomechanics and stroke production: implications for the tennis coach. Int Tennis Federal Coaches Rev, 2001; 24
  • Elliott B. Biomechanics and tennis. Br J Sports Med, 2006; 40: 392-396[Crossref]
  • Elliott B, Fleisig G, Nicholls R, Escamilia R. Technique effects on upper limb loading in the tennis serve. J Sci Med Sport, 2003; 6: 76-87[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Elliott BC. Biomechanics of the serve in tennis. A biomedical perspective. Sports Med, 1988; 6: 285-294[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Elliott BC, Marshall RN, Noffal G. Contributions of upper limb segment rotations during the power serve in tennis. J Appl Biomech, 1995; 11: 433-442
  • Fleisig G, Nicholls R, Elliott B, Escamilla R. Kinematics used by world class tennis players to produce highvelocity serves. Sports Biomech, 2003; 2: 51-64[Crossref]
  • Girard O, Micallef JP, Millet GP. Lower-limb activity during the power serve in tennis: effects of performance level. Med Sci Sports Ex, 2005; 37: 1021-1029
  • Gordon BJ, Dapena J. Contributions of joint rotations to racquet speed in the tennis serve. J Sports Sci, 2006; 24: 31-49[Crossref]
  • Haake SJ, Carre MJ, Goodwill SR. The dynamic impact characteristics of tennis balls with tennis rackets. J Sports Sci, 2003; 21: 839-850[Crossref]
  • Kibler WB. Biomechanical analysis of the shoulder during tennis activities. Clin Sports Med, 1995; 14: 79-85[PubMed]
  • Pappas AM, Zawacki RM, Sullivan TJ. Biomechanics of baseball pitching. A preliminary report. Am J Sports Med, 1985; 13: 216-222[Crossref]
  • Reid M, Elliott B, Alderson J. Lower-limb coordination and shoulder joint mechanics in the tennis serve. Med Sci Sports Ex, 2008; 40: 308-315[WoS][Crossref]
  • Signorile JF, Sandler DJ, Smith WN, Stoutenberg M, Perry AC. Correlation analyses and regression modeling between isokinetic testing and on-court performance in competitive adolescent tennis players. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19: 519-526[PubMed][WoS]
  • Sprigings E, Marshall R, Elliott B, Jennings L. A three-dimensional kinematic method for determining the effectiveness of arm segment rotations in producing racquet-head speed. J Biomech, 1994; 27: 245-254[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Sweeney M, Reid M, Elliott B. Lower Limb and Trunk Function in the High Performance Tennis Serve. Asian J Ex Sports Sci, 2012; 9(1): 13-20
  • Vaughan CL, Davis BL, O’Conner JC. Dynamics of human gait. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics Publishers; 1992
  • Vaverka F, Cernosek M. Association between body height and serve speed in elite tennis players. Sports Biomech, 2013; 12(1): 30-37[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Woltring H. A Fortran package for generalized, cross-validatory spline smoothing and differentiation. Adv Eng Software, 1986; 8(2): 104-113[Crossref]
  • Wrigley TV. Correlations with athletic performance. In: Isokinetics in human performance (Ed: Brown LE), Human Kinetics Publishers; 2000
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0003
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.