PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 39 | 1 | 221-229
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of Cohesion and Collective Efficacy Profiles for the Performance of Soccer Players

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The principal aims of the study were to define different profiles of cohesion and perceived efficacy in soccer players and to measure their differences in performance. The subjects were 235 soccer players in the under-18 category who played in the National League in Spain and 15 coaches whose ages ranged from 29 to 45 years. Diverse instruments to assess cohesion, perceived efficacy, and expectations of success were used in the study. Moreover, we measured playing time and performance. The results of the study proved the existence of four cohesion and efficacy profiles that presented significant differences in expectations of success, playing time, and performance. Furthermore, significant differences were found in the distribution of players in the teams as a function of performance. The main conclusion of this study is that soccer players with higher cohesion and collective efficacy levels belonged to teams that completed the season at the top-level classification. In contrast, athletes with low cohesion and collective efficacy usually played in unsuccessful teams. Coaches and sports psychologists are encouraged to promote both social and task cohesion and collective efficacy to enhance team performance.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
39
Numer
1
Strony
221-229
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2013-12-31
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Education, University of Extremadura.
  • Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura.
autor
  • Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura.
  • Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura.
Bibliografia
  • Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Freeman, New York; 1997
  • Beauchamp MR. Efficacy beliefs within relational and group contexts in sport. In: Lavallee S, Jowett D (Eds.) Social psychology in sport, Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, 181-93; 2007
  • Bray CD, Whaley DE. Team cohesion, effort, and objective individual performance of high school basketball players. Sport Psychol, 2001; 15: 260-75
  • Carron AV, Brawley LR, Widmeyer WN. The measurement of cohesiveness in sport groups. In: Duda JL (Ed.) Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement, Fitness Information Technology: Morgantown, WV, 213-26; 1998
  • Carron AV, Colman MM, Wheeler J, Stevens D. Cohesion and performance in sport a meta analysis. J SportExercise Psy, 2002; 24: 168-88
  • Carron AV, Eys MA. Group Dynamics in Sport (4th ed). Fitness Information Technology: Morgantown, WV; 2012
  • Carron AV, Widmeyer WN, Brawley LR. The development of an instrument to assess cohesion in sport teams: The Group Environment Questionnaire. J Sport Psy, 1985; 7: 244-266
  • Chase MA, Lirgg CD, Feltz DL. Do coaches’ efficacy expectations for their teams predict team performance? Sport Psychol, 1997; 11: 8-23
  • Feltz DL, Chow CM, Hepler TJ. Path analysis of self-efficacy and diving performance revisited. J SportExercise Psy, 2008; 30: 401-411[PubMed]
  • Chang A, Bordia P. A multidimensional approach to the group cohesion-group performance relationship. Small Gr Res, 2001; 32: 379-405[Crossref]
  • Heuze JP, Raimbault N, Fontayne P. Relationships between cohesion, collective efficacy, and performance in professional basketball teams: An examination of mediating effects. J Sports Sci, 2006; 24: 59-68[Crossref]
  • Kozub SA, McDonnell JF. Exploring the relationship between cohesion and collective efficacy in rugby teams. J Sport Beh, 2000; 23: 120-9
  • Lent RW, López FG. Cognitive ties that bind: a tripartite view of efficacy beliefs in growth-promoting relationships. J Soc Clin Psychol, 2002; 21: 256-286[Crossref]
  • Leo FM, García-Calvo T, Parejo I, Sánchez-Miguel PA, García-Mas A. Application on an intervention program to improve cohesiveness and efficacy in basketball players. Cuad Psicol Deporte, 2009; 9: 73-84
  • Leo FM, García-Calvo T, Parejo I, Sánchez-Miguel PA, Sánchez-Oliva D. Interaction of cohesion and perceived efficacy, success expectations and performance in basketball teams. Rev Psicol Deporte, 2010a; 19: 89-102
  • Leo FM, González-Ponce I, Amado D, Pulido JJ, García-Calvo T. Multilevel Analysis of Evolution of Group Process and their Relation to Setting Goals and Performance in Semiprofessional Soccer. Res QExercise Sport, 2013; In press.
  • Leo FM, Sánchez-Miguel PA, Sáchez-Oliva D, Amado D, García-Calvo T. Evolution of perceived cohesion and efficacy over the season and their relation to success expectations in soccer teams. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 34: 129-38
  • Leo FM, Sánchez-Miguel PA, Sánchez-Oliva D, García-Calvo T. Interactive effects of team cohesion on perceived efficacy in semi-professional sport. J Sports Sci Med, 2010b; 9: 320-5
  • Myers ND, Payment CA, Feltz DL. Regressing team performance on collective efficacy: Considerations of temporal proximity and concordance. Meas Phys Educ Exercise Sci, 2007; 11: 1-24
  • Paskevich DM, Brawley LR, Dorsch KD, Widmeyer WN. Relationships between collective efficacy and team cohesion: Conceptual and measurement factors. Group Dyn- Theor Res, 1999; 3: 210-222[Crossref]
  • Ramzaninezhad R, Keshtan MH, Shahamat MD, Kordshooli SS. The relationship between collective efficacy, group cohesion and team performance in professional. Braz J Biomotr, 2009; 3: 31-9
  • Senécal J, Loughead TM, Bloom GA. A season-long team-building intervention: Examining the effect of team goal setting on cohesion. J Sport Exercise Psy, 2008; 30: 186-99
  • Spink KS, Carron AV. Team building in an exercise setting. Sport Psychol, 1993; 7: 8-18
  • Spink KS. Group cohesion and collective efficacy of volleyball teams. J Sport Exercise Psy, 1990; 12: 301-11
  • Watson CB, Chemers MM, Preiser N. Collective efficacy: A multilevel analysis. Pers Soc Psychol B, 2001; 27: 1057-1068 [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2013-0085
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.