PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 39 | 1 | 167-175
Tytuł artykułu

The Acute Effect of Upper-Body Complex Training on Power Output of Martial Art Athletes as Measured by the Bench Press Throw Exercise

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of upper body complex training on power output, as well as to determine the requisite preload intensity and intra-complex recovery interval needed to induce power output increases. Nine amateur-level combat/martial art athletes completed four distinct experimental protocols, which consisted of 5 bench press repetitions at either: 65% of one-repetition maximum (1RM) with a 4 min rest interval; 65% of 1RM with an 8 min rest; 85% of 1RM with a 4 min rest; or 85% of 1RM with an 8 min rest interval, performed on different days. Before (pre-conditioning) and after (post-conditioning) each experimental protocol, three bench press throws at 30% of 1RM were performed. Significant differences in power output pre-post conditioning were observed across all experimental protocols (F=26.489, partial eta2=0.768, p=0.001). Mean power output significantly increased when the preload stimulus of 65% 1RM was matched with 4 min of rest (p=0.001), and when the 85% 1RM preload stimulus was matched with 8 min of rest (p=0.001). Moreover, a statistically significant difference in power output was observed between the four conditioning protocols (F= 21.101, partial eta²=0.913, p=0.001). It was concluded that, in complex training, matching a heavy preload stimulus with a longer rest interval, and a lighter preload stimulus with a shorter rest interval is important for athletes wishing to increase their power production before training or competition.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
39
Numer
1
Strony
167-175
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2013-12-31
Twórcy
  • Department of Athletics, Deree, The American College of Greece., dliossis@acg.edu
  • Department of Health, Staffordshire University.
  • Department of Economics, Charagionis S.A.
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Athens University.
Bibliografia
  • Alemany JA, Pandorf CE, Montain SJ, Castellani JW, Tuckow AP, Nindl BC. Reliability Assessment of Ballistic Jump Squats and Bench Throws. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(1): 33-38[PubMed]
  • Baker D. The acute effect of alternating heavy and light resistances upon power during upper body complex power training. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 15(2): 172-177 [WoS]
  • Baker DG, Newton RU. Acute effect on power output of alternating antagonist and antagonist muscle exercise during complex training. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(1): 202-205[PubMed]
  • Bevan HR, Owen NJ, Cunningham DJ, Kingsley MIC, Kilduff LP. Complex Training in Professional Rugby Players: Influence of Recovery Time on Upper-Body Power Output. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23(6): 1780-1785[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Brandenburg JP. The Acute Effects of Prior Dynamic Resistance Exercise Using Different Loads on Subsequent Upper-Body Explosive Performance in Resistance-Trained Men. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(2): 427-432[PubMed]
  • Casartelli N, Muller R, Maffiuletti NA. Validity and reliability of the Myotest accelerometric system for the assessment of vertical jump height. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24 (11): 3186-3193[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Chiu L, Fry L, Weiss W, Schilling B, Brown L, Smith S. Postactivation potentiation response in athletically and recreationally trained individuals. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17: 671-677
  • Comyns TM, Harrison AJ, Hennessy LK, Jensen RL. The Optimal Complex Training Rest Interval for Athletes from Anaerobic Sports. J Strength Cond Res, 2006; 20(3): 471-476[PubMed]
  • Docherty D, Hodgson M. The Application of Postactivation Potentiation to Elite Sport. Int J Sports PhysiolPerf, 2007; 2: 439-444
  • Docherty D, Robbins D, Hodgson M. Complex Training Revisited: A Review of its Current Status as a Viable Training. J Strength Cond Res, 2004; 26(6): 52-57[Crossref]
  • Ebben WP, Watts PB, Jensen RL, Blackard DO. EMG and kinetic analysis of complex training exercise variables. J Strength Cond Res, 2000; 14(4): 451-456
  • Ebben WP. Complex Training: A Brief Review. J Sports Sci Med, 2002; 1: 42-46
  • Evans AK, Hodgkins TD, Durham TD, Berning MP, Adams KJ. The acute effects of a 5RM bench press on power output. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2000; 32: S311
  • Falvo MJ, Schilling BK, Weiss LW. Techniques and Considerations for Determining Isoinertial Upper-Body Power. Sport Biomech, 2006; 5(2): 293-311[Crossref]
  • Farup J, Sorensen H. Postactivation Potentiation: Upper Body Force Development Changes after Maximal Force Intervention. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24(7): 1874-1879[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Ferreira SL, De Assis Panissa VLGP, Miarka B, Franchini E. Post activation potentiation: Effect of various recovery intervals on bench press power performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26(3): 739-744[WoS]
  • Hodgson MJ, Docherty D, Robbins D. Post-activation Potentiation. Sports Med, 2005; 35: 585-595[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Hrysomallis C, Kidgell D. Effect of Heavy Dynamic Resistance Exercise on Acute Upper-Body Power. JStrength Cond Res, 2001; 15(4): 426-430
  • Kraemer WJ, Fry AC. Strength Testing: Development and Evaluation of methodology. In: PhysiologicalAssessment of Human Fitness. Maud P and Foster C, eds. Champaign, IL. Human Kinetics, 115-138; 1995
  • Markovic G, Simek S, Bradic A. Are acute effects of maximal dynamic contractions on upper body ballistic performance load specific? J Strength Cond Res, 2008; 22(6): 1611-1615[WoS]
  • Martin A, Carpentier A, Guissard A, Hoecke NV, Duchateau J. Effect of time of day on force variation in a human muscle. Musc Nerve, 1999; 22: 1380-1387[Crossref]
  • Matthews M, Comfort P. Applying Complex Training Principles to Boxing: A Practical Approach. StrengthCond J, 2008; 30(5): 12-15
  • Matthews M, O’Conchuir G, Comfort P. The Acute Effects of Heavy and Light Resistances on the Flight Time of a Basketball Push-Pass during Upper-Body Complex Training. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23(7): 1988-1995[Crossref][PubMed]
  • McGregor B. The Application of Complex Training for the Development of Explosive Power. J Strength CondRes, 2006; 12(1): 15-25
  • Nevill AM, Jones DA, Mcintyre D, Bogdanis GC, Nevill ME. A model for phosphocreatine resynthesis. JAppl Physiol, 1997; 82: 329-335
  • Robbins DW. Postactivation Potentiation and its Practical Applicability: A Brief Review. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(2): 453-458[PubMed]
  • Robbins DW, Young WB, Behm DG, Payne WR. Effects of agonist-antagonist complex training on upper body strength and power development. J Sports Sci, 2009; 27(14): 1617-1625[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Schick EE, Coburn JW, Brown LE, Judelson DA, Khamoui AY, Tran TT, Uribe BP. A comparison of muscle activation between a Smith machine and free weight bench press. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24(3): 779-784[Crossref][WoS]
  • Smilios I, Pilianidis T, Sotiropoulos K, Antonakis M, Tokmanidis S. Short term effects of selected exercise and load in contrast training on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(1): 135-139[PubMed]
  • Terzis G, Spengos G, Manta P, Georgiadis G. Acute effect of drop jumping on throwing performance. JStrength Cond Res, 2009; 23(9): 2592-2597[Crossref]
  • Thomas GA, Kraemer WJ, Spiering BA, Volek JS, Anderson JM, Maresh CM. Maximal Power at Different Percentages of One Repetition Maximum: Influence of Resistance and Gender. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(2): 336-342
  • Villarreal ESD, Requena B, Newton RU. Does plyometric training improve strength performance? A metaanalysis. J Sci Med Sport, 2010; 13(5): 513-522[WoS][Crossref]
  • Vingren JL, Buddhadev HH, Hill DW. Smith machine counterbalance system affects measures of maximal bench press throw performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2011; 25(7): 1951-1956[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Wilson G, Wood G, Elliot B. Optimal stiffness of the series elastic component in a stretch-shorten cycle activity. J Appl Physiol, 1991; 70: 825-833
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2013-0079
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.