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2013 | 37 | 1 | 27-38
Tytuł artykułu

Gender, Vertical Height and Horizontal Distance Effects on Single-Leg Landing Kinematics: Implications for Risk of non-contact ACL Injury

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
There is a lack of studies investigating gender differences in whole-body kinematics during single-leg landings from increasing vertical heights and horizontal distances. This study determined the main effects and interactions of gender, vertical height, and horizontal distance on whole-body joint kinematics during single-leg landings, and established whether these findings could explain the gender disparity in non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rate. Recreationally active males (n=6) and females (n=6) performed single-leg landings from a takeoff deck of vertical height of 20, 40, and 60 cm placed at a horizontal distance of 30, 50 and 70 cm from the edge of a force platform, while 3D kinematics and kinetics were simultaneously measured. It was determined that peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) and the ankle flexion angle exhibited significant gender differences (p=0.028, partial η2=0.40 and p=0.035, partial η2=0.37, respectively). Peak VGRF was significantly correlated to the ankle flexion angle (r= -0.59, p=0.04), hip flexion angle (r= -0.74, p=0.006), and trunk flexion angle (r= -0.59, p=0.045). Peak posterior ground reaction force (PGRF) was significantly correlated to the ankle flexion angle (r= -0.56, p=0.035), while peak knee abduction moment was significantly correlated to the knee flexion angle (r= -0.64, p=0.03). Rearfoot landings may explain the higher ACL injury rate among females. Higher plantar-flexed ankle, hip, and trunk flexion angles were associated with lower peak ground reaction forces, while higher knee flexion angle was associated with lower peak knee abduction moment, and these kinematics implicate reduced risk of non-contact ACL injury.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
37
Numer
1
Strony
27-38
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-06-01
online
2013-07-05
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Health Science, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, 125 University St., Rm 205B, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada, Phone: 1-613-884-7559, n7ali@yahoo.ca
  • School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ottawa
  • School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa
Bibliografia
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  • Chappell JD, Yu B, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE. A Comparison of Knee Kinetics between Male and Female Recreational Athletes in Stop-Jump Tasks. Am J Sports Med, 2002; 30: 261-267
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  • Griffin LY, Agel J, Albohm MJ, Arendt EA, Dick RW, Garrett WE, Garrick JG, Hewett TE, Huston L, Ireland ML. Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies. J AmAcad Orthop Surg, 2000; 8: 141-150
  • Hargrave MD, Carcia CR, Gansneder BM, Shultz SJ. Subtalar pronation does not influence impact forces or rate of loading during a single-leg landing. J Athl Training, 2003; 38: 18-23
  • Hewett TE, Myer GD, Ford KR, Heidt Jr RS, Colosimo AJ, McLean SG, van den Bogert AJ, Paterno MV, Succop P. Biomechanical Measures of Neuromuscular Control and Valgus Loading of the Knee Predict Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk in Female Athletes: A Prospective Study. Am J SportsMed, 2005; 33: 492-501[Crossref]
  • Hewett TE, Torg JS, Boden BP. Video analysis of trunk and knee motion during non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury in female athletes: lateral trunk and knee abduction motion are combined components of the injury mechanism. Brit J Sports Med, 2009; 43: 417-422[Crossref][WoS]
  • Kiriyama S, Sato H, Takahira N. Gender differences in rotation of the shank during single-legged drop landing and its relation to rotational muscle strength of the knee. Am J Sports Med, 2009; 37: 168-174[WoS]
  • Lawrence III RK, Kernozek TW, Miller EJ, Torry MR, Reuteman P. Influences of hip external rotation strength on knee mechanics during single-leg drop landings in females. Clin Biomech, 2008; 23: 806-813[WoS][Crossref]
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  • Lephart SM, Ferris CM, Riemann BL, Myers JB, Fu FH. Gender Differences in Strength and Lower Extremity Kinematics During Landing. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2002; 401: 162-169[Crossref][PubMed]
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  • Shimokochi Y, Lee SY, Shultz SJ, Schmitz RJ. The relationships among sagittal-plane lower extremity moments: implications for landing strategy in anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention. J AthlTraining, 2009; 44: 33-38
  • Yeow CH, Lee PS, Goh JH. Sagittal knee joint kinematics and energetics in response to different landing heights and techniques. Knee, 2010; 17: 127-131[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2013-0022
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