PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 36 | 1 | 45-53
Tytuł artykułu

Bilateral and Unilateral Asymmetries of Isokinetic Strength and Flexibility in Male Young Professional Soccer Players

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study investigated bilateral and unilateral asymmetries of strength and flexibility in male young professional soccer players. Thirty-six soccer players (age: 18.9 ± 1.4 years) participated in this study. A Biodex Isokinetic Dynamometer was used to assess the hamstring and quadriceps strength at selected speeds of 60°/s, 180°/s and 300°/s. Hip joint flexibility was measured using a goniometer. No difference was observed in conventional strength ratio, dynamic control ratio and fast/slow speed ratio between the dominant and non-dominant legs (p>0.05). All but one of the players (97.2%) had musculoskeletal abnormality (bilateral imbalance > 10%) in one or more specific muscle groups. The dominant leg had greater hip joint flexibility compared with the non-dominant leg (108.8 ± 10.7° versus 104.6 ± 9.8°, respectively). The findings support the hypothesis that physical performance and movement pattern experienced during soccer playing may negatively change the balance of strength in both legs (bilateral strength balance), but not on the same leg of the young male professional soccer players. The results can be helpful for trainers and coaches to decide whether the players need to improve their balance and strength which in turn may prevent injury. It is suggested that in professional soccer training, quadriceps and hamstrings muscle strength, as well as hip joint flexibility should not be overlooked.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
36
Numer
1
Strony
45-53
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-03-01
online
2013-04-13
Twórcy
  • Sports Centre, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
autor
Bibliografia
  • Alentorn-Geli E, Myer GD, Silvers HJ, Samitier G, Romero D, Lázaro-Haro C, Cugat R. Prevention of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in soccer players. Part 1: Mechanisms of injury and underlying risk factors. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 2009; 17(7): 705-729[Crossref][WoS]
  • Amiri-Khorasani M, Abu Osman NA, Yusof A. Acute effect of static and dynamic stretching on hip dynamic range of motion (DROM) during instep kicking in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2011; 25(6): 1647-52[WoS][Crossref]
  • Arnason A, Sigurdsson SB, Gudmundsson A, Holme I, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Risk factors for injuries in football. Am J Sports Med, 2004; 32: 5S-16S[Crossref]
  • Bottinelli R, Canepari M, Pellegrino MA, Reggiani C. Force-velocity properties of human skeletal muscle fibres: myosin heavy chain isoform and temperature dependence. J Physiol, 1996; 495(2): 573-586[PubMed]
  • Bradley PS, Portas MD. The relationship between preseason range of motion and muscle strain injury in elite soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(4): 1155-59[PubMed]
  • Brito J, Fernandes L, Seabra A, Soares JM, Krustrup P, Rebelo A. Isokinetic strength effects of FIFA’s “The 11+” injury prevention training programme. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2010; 18: 211-215[WoS]
  • Chin MK, So RCH, Yuan YWY, Li RCT, Wong ASK. Cardiorespiratory fitness and isokinetic muscle strength of elite Asian junior soccer players. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 1994; 34: 250-257
  • Dauty M, Potiron-Josse M, Rochcongar P. Identification of previous hamstring muscle injury by isokinetic concentric and eccentric torque measurement in elite soccer players. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2003; 11: 139-144
  • Dugan SA. Sports-related knee injuries in female athletes: what gives? Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 2005; 84: 122-130[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Ekstrand J, Gillquist J. Frequency of muscle tightness and injuries in soccer players. Am J Sports Med, 1982; 10: 75-78[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Fousekis K, Tsepis E, Poulmedis P, Athanasopoulos S, Vagenas G. Intrinsic risk factors of non-contact quadriceps and hamstring strains in soccer: a prospective study of 100 professional players. Br JSports Med, 2011; 45(9): 709-14[Crossref]
  • Fousekis K, Τsepis E, Vagenas G. Lower limb strength in professional soccer players: profile, asymmetry, and training age. Sports Sci Med, 2010; 9: 364-373
  • FIFA website. FIFA big count 2006: 270 million people active in football. 2006. 2006. Available at: http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/fifafacts/bcoffsurv/bigcount. statspackage_ 7024 .pdf; accessed on 8.11.2012
  • Gabbe BJ, Finch C, Bennell K, Wajswelner H. Risk factors for hamstring injuries in community level Australian football. Br J Sports Med, 2005; 39(2): 106-110[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Gil SM, Gil J, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Anthropometrical characteristics and somatotype of young soccer players and their comparison with the general population. Biol Sport, 2010; 27: 17-24
  • Grygorowicz M, Kubacki J, Pilis W, Gieremek K, Rzepka R. Selected isokinetic test in knee injury prevention. Biol Sport, 2010; 27 (1): 47-51
  • Hadzic V, Sattler T, Markovic G, Veselko M, Dervisevic E. The isokinetic strength profile of quadriceps and hamstrings in elite volleyball players. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2010; 18: 31-37[WoS]
  • Hardt J, Benjanuvatra N, Blanksby B. Do footedness and strength asymmetry relate to the dominant stance in swimming track start? J Sports Sci, 2009; 27(11): 1221-1227[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Hewett TE, Myer GD, Zazulak BT. Hamstrings to quadriceps peak torque ratios diverge between sexes with increasing isokinetic angular velocity. J Sci Med Sport, 2008; 11: 452-459[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Holcomb WR, Rubley MD, Lee HJ, Guadagnoli MA. Effect of hamstring-emphasized resistance training on hamstring: quadriceps strength ratios. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(1): 41-47[PubMed]
  • Hrysomallis C. Hip adductors' strength, flexibility, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23(5), 1514-1517[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Iga J, George K, Lees A, Reilly T. Cross-sectional investigation of indices of isokinetic leg strength in youth soccer players and untrained individuals. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2009; 19: 714-719[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kiani A, Hellquist E, Ahlqvist K, Gedeborg R, Michaëlsson K, Byberg L. Prevention of soccer-related knee injuries in teenaged girls. Arch Intern Med, 2010; 170(1): 43-49[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Kim D, Hong J. Hamstring to quadriceps strength ratio and noncontact leg injuries: A prospective study during one season. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2011; 19(1): 1-6[WoS]
  • Knapik JJ, Bauman CL, Jones BH, Harris JMcA, Vaughan L. Preseason strength and flexibility imbalances associated with athletic injuries in female collegiate athletes. Am J Sports Med, 1991; 19: 76- 81[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kofotolis ND, Kellis E. Cross-training effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise program on knee musculature. Phys Ther Sport, 2007; 8: 109-116[Crossref][WoS]
  • Lehance C, Binet J, Bury T, Croisier JL. Muscular strength, functional performances and injury risk in professional and junior elite soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2009; 19: 243-251[PubMed][WoS]
  • Loes M, Dahlstedt, LJ, Thomee R. A 7-year study on risks and costs of knee injuries in male and female youth participants in 12 sports. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2000; 10: 90-97[PubMed]
  • Malý T, Zahálka F, Malá L. Isokinetic strength, ipsilateral and bilateral ratio of peak muscle torque in knee flexors and extensors in elite young soccer players. Acta Kinesiologica, 2010; 4(2): 17-23
  • Manning C, Hudson Z. Comparison of hip joint range of motion in professional youth and senior team footballers with age-matched controls: An indication of early degenerative change? Phys Ther Sport, 2009; 10(1): 25-29[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Masuda K, Kikuhara N, Demura S, Katsuta S, Yamanaka K. Relationship between muscle strength in various isokinetic movements and kick performance among soccer players. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 2005; 45: 44-52
  • Norkin C, White D. Measurement of Joint Motion: A Guide to Goniometry. F A Davis Company, Philadelphia, USA. 2003: 181-241
  • Ozcaldiran B. Knee flexibility and knee muscles isokinetic strength in swimmers and soccer players. IsokinetExerc Sci, 2008; 16: 55-59
  • Oshita K, Yano S. Asymmetry of force fluctuation during low intensity isometric contraction in leg muscle. Int J Exerc Sci, 2010; 3(2): 68-77
  • Rahnama N, Lees A, Bambaecichi E. A comparison of muscle strength and flexibility between the dominant and non-dominant leg in English soccer players. Ergonomics, 2005; 48(11-14): 1568-1575
  • Rahnama N. Prevention of football injuries. Int J Prev Med, 2011; 2(1): 38-40[PubMed]
  • Schiltz M, Lehance C, Maquet D, Bury T, Crielaard JM, Croisier JL. Explosive strength imbalances in professional basketball players. J Athl Train, 2009; 44(l): 39-47[WoS][Crossref]
  • Tourny-Chollet C, Leroy D, Eger HL, Beuret-Blanquart F. Isokinetic knee muscle strength of soccer players according to their position. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2000; 8: 187-193
  • Verrall GM, Slavotinek JP, Barnes PG, Fon GT, and Spriggins AJ. Clinical risk factors for hamstring muscle strain injury: a prospective study with correlation of injury by magnetic resonance imaging. Br JSports Med, 2001; 35: 435-439[Crossref]
  • Worrel TW, Perrin DH, Gansneder BM, Gieck JH. Comparison of isokinetic strength and flexibility measures between hamstring injured and non-injured athletes. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1991; 13(3): 118-25[Crossref]
  • Zakas A. Bilateral isokinetic peak torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in professional soccer players with dominance on one or both two sides. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 2006; 46: 28-35
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2013-0005
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.