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2013 | 20 | 4 | 719-732
Tytuł artykułu

SEASONAL VALUES OF THE GASEOUS CONCENTRATIONS OF AIR QUALITY RATINGS IN A RURAL AREA

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study presents the quantities of immission of the selected gas pollutions in the area of a compact development village. Within a range of a one-year research project (2012), the yearly average, seasonal and daily profiles of concentrations of the gas compounds in the air had been determined (SO2, NO2 and BTEX). Measures were executed in the area of a rural development and in the areas adjacent to the administrative village periphery. In the seasonal researches a passive method and a GC analytic technique had been used along with an automatic analyser to determine daily NO2 concentrations. It was found out that an air quality in a rural area is determined by the influence of the local sources (unstructured emission from domestic and farm buildings as well as a communication emission) and a toxicants’ quantity, enriching environment, depends on cyclic weather states, characteristic for a moderate climate. It has been proved that the maximum concentrations of the tested compounds occur in the center of a village development. It has been proved that it was winter emission that influenced the value of a yearly average concentration of pollutions in the air in a most significant manner. Theory concerning parity of a natural and anthropogenic sources affecting the aerosanitary parameters of rural compact settlement area, has been questioned. It has been proposed to introduce an obligatory, temporary indicator monitoring of a compound, which might prove be a nitrogen dioxide
PL
W pracy przedstawiono wielkości imisji wybranych zanieczyszczeń gazowych występujących na obszarze wsi o zwartej zabudowie. W ramach jednorocznego projektu badawczego (2012) określono średnioroczne, sezonowe i dobowe profile stężeń związków gazowych w powietrzu (SO2, NO2 i BTEX). Pomiary realizowano na obszarze zabudowy wiejskiej oraz na terenach sąsiadujących z administracyjną granicą wsi. W badaniach sezonowych wykorzystano metodę pasywną i technikę analityczną GC oraz dodatkowo w przypadku ustalania dobowych stężeń NO2 analizator automatyczny. Stwierdzono, że jakość powietrza na obszarze wiejskim determinowana jest oddziaływaniem źródeł lokalnych (głównie niezorganizowaną emisją z zabudowań mieszkalnych i gospodarczych oraz emisją komunikacyjną), a ilość toksykantów wzbogacających środowisko zależy od cyklicznych okresów stanów pogodowych, charakterystycznych dla klimatu umiarkowanego. Wykazano, że maksymalne stężenia badanych związków występują w centrum zabudowy wsi. Udowodniono, że na wartość średniorocznego stężenia zanieczyszczeń w powietrzu najistotniejszy wpływ ma emisja zimowa. Podważono twierdzenie o parytecie udziału źródeł naturalnych i antropogennych wpływających na parametry areosanitarne obszarów wiejskich o zwartej zabudowie. Zaproponowano wprowadzenie na obszarach wiejskich obligatoryjnego, okresowego monitoringu wskaźnikowego związku, jakim może być ditlenek azotu.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
4
Strony
719-732
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2014-01-22
Twórcy
  • Department of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Facilities, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, ul. S. Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 449 84 57, fax +48 77 449 99 24, t.olszowski@po.opole.pl
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_eces-2013-0050
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