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2013 | 20 | 4 | 659-676
Tytuł artykułu

ECTOHYDRICITY OF LICHENS AND ROLE OF CORTEX LAYER IN ACCUMULATION OF HEAVY METALS

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Heavy metal and dust pollution absorption through lichen thallus occurs on the surface, that is by means of ectohydric sorption . Protective mechanisms, among which there is heterometric (layered) structure of lichens, play a significant role in limiting this process. The aim of this research was to determine the way the pollution penetrates inside lichen thallus and to determine the role of dermal layer in stopping heavy metals on the thallus surface . Lichen thalli exposed to transport pollution near Krakow-Katowice motorway for half a year were analyzed. With the use of Electron Scanning Microscope Quanta 250 and microanalyser EDEX accumulation of pollutions depositing on the outer lichen surface, on the surface of algal cells, in subcortex layer, on the fungal hyphae surface and intercellular spaces of crack bottom of pseudocyphella were determined. The results of the analysis show an important role of pseudocyphella in the process of pollution penetration inside lichen thallus and protective effectiveness of the upper cortex whose tight structure and thickness of chitinous cell walls of mycelium, relatively thicker in comparison to parenchyma layer, influence its dermal properties. Heavy metal accumulation (Al, Fe, Cu) on the thallus surface, on algal cell surface, on the fungal hyphae surface and deep layers of pseudocyphella cracks is presented by the order: crack > alga > fungi > subcortex layer > thallus surface.
PL
Wch³anianie metali ciê¿kich i zanieczyszczeñ py³owych przez plechy porostowe odbywa siê na drodze powierzchniowej, tzw. ektohydrycznej sorpcji. Istotn¹ rolê w ograniczeniu tego procesu odgrywaj¹ naturalne mechanizmy ochronne, m.in. heteromeryczna (warstwowa) budowa porostów. Celem badañ by³o okreœlenie dróg przenikania zanieczyszczeñ w g³¹b plechy porostów oraz okreœlenie roli warstwy dermalnej w zatrzymywaniu metali ciê¿kich na powierzchni plechy. Analizie poddano plechy porostowe, które przez okres pó³ roku eksponowano na zanieczyszczenia komunikacyjne przy autostradzie Kraków - Katowice. Przy wykorzystaniu skaningowego mikroskopu elektronowego Quanta 250 oraz mikroanalizatora EDAX okreœlano kumulacjê zanieczyszczeñ osadzaj¹cych siê na zewnêtrznej powierzchni plechy, na powierzchni komórek glonowych, w warstwie podkorowej, na powierzchni strzêpków grzybowych i w przestrzeniach miêdzykomórkowych dna szczeliny pseudocyfeli. Wyniki analiz wskazuj¹ na istotn¹ rolê szczelin pseudocyfeli w procesie przenikania zanieczyszczeñ w g³¹b plechy porostu oraz skutecznoœæ ochronn¹ warstwy kory górnej, której zwarta struktura oraz gruboœæ chitynowych œcian komórek grzybni jest relatywnie grubsza w stosunku do grzybni warstwy mi¹¿szowej, co decyduje o jej w³aœciwoœciach dermalnych. Kumulacjê metali ciê¿kich (Al, Fe, Cu) na powierzchni plechy, powierzchni komórek glonowych, w warstwie podkorowej, na powierzchni strzêpków grzybowych i w przestrzeniach miêdzykomórkowych dna szczeliny pseudocyfeli przedstawia uk³ad szczelina > glon > grzyb > warstwa podkorowa > powierzchnia plechy.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
4
Strony
659-676
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2014-01-22
Twórcy
  • Department of Environment Protection and Modelling, The Jan Kochanowski University, ul. Świętokrzyska 15, 25-406 Kielce, Poland, phone +48 41 349 64 34, fax +48 41 349 64 18, malgorzata.jozwiak@vp.pl
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_eces-2013-0045
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