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2014 | 6 | 4 | 298-305
Tytuł artykułu

The influence of intention implementation on throw effectiveness of young basketball players

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The purpose of the following research was to find out the influence of imaginary training based on intention implementation on throw effectiveness of young basketball players, both male and female in stressogenic situations. Individual differences (action vs state orientation) between players were also measured in this research. Material/Methods: 76 players (32 females and 44 males) in the cadet category (15-16 years old) from basketball clubs of Gdansk, Gdynia and Sopot took part in this research. In the first stage all players did a throw efficiency test ERPE 05 under two conditions, and their heart rate was measured. Then players were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The first one did imaginary training based on the influence of intention implementation for 10 days, while the other did not. After 10 days ERPE 05 test under two conditions was run again. Results: Test results showed that intention implementation does not influence effectiveness improvement in stressogenic conditions as far as state-oriented players are concerned, but it does lower the physiological cost of physical effort in form of a decreased heart rate. Conclusions: This research proves that visualization training based on implementation instructions does influence young players’ physiology and significantly lowers their heart rate under stressogenic conditions. However useful, visualization techniques used in this research still need other tests and should be applied for a longer period of time to acutely show how they affect young players’ mental preparation
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
6
Numer
4
Strony
298-305
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
otrzymano
2013-01-01
zaakceptowano
2014-07-01
online
2014-12-30
Twórcy
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Graczyk M, Dworakowska B. Ksztaltowanie bezposredniej gotowosci psychicznej do startu [Evolution of directmental readiness to start]. In: Klodecka-Rozalska J, editor. Przekraczanie umyslem mozliwosci ciała [Crossing possibilities of the body with the mind]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu; 1996, 56-65.Polish.
  • 2. Henschen KP. Wykorzystanie umyslu w czasie zawodow [The use of mind during competition]. In: Klodecka- Rozalska J, editor. Przekraczanie umysłem możliwości ciała [Crossing possibilities of the body with the mind]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu; 1996, 10-15.Polish.
  • 3. Klodecka-Rozalska J. Radzimy sobie ze stresem w sporcie. Przewodnik do relaksacji i treningu umyslowego dla sportowcow [Coping with stress in sports. Guide to relaxation and mentaltraining for athletes]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu; 1993. Polish.
  • 4. Luszczynska A. Psychologia sportu i aktywnosci fizycznej. Zagadnienia kliniczne [Psychology of sport and physical activity. Clinical issues]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2011. Polish.
  • 5. Nowicki D. Trening relaksacyjny i wyobrazeniowy w procesie przygotowania startowego [Relaxation and imaginary training in the process of preparation to start]. In: Klodecka-Rozalska J, editor. Przekraczanie umysłem mozliwośsi ciala [Crossing possibilities of the body with the mind]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu;1996, 40-56.Polish.
  • 6. Achtziger A, Gollwitzer P, Sheeran P. Implementation intentions and shielding goal striving from unwanted thoughts and feelings. Pers Soc Psychol B. 2008;34:381-393.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 7. Gollwitzer PM, Sheeran P. Implementation intentions and goal achievement: A meta - analisys of effects and processes. Adv Exp Soc Psychol. 2006;38:68-119.
  • 8. Strelau J, Dolinski D. Psychologia. Podrecznik akademicki, tom 1 [Psychology. Academic Handbook, vol. 1]. Gdańsk: Gdanskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe; 2008. Polish.
  • 9. Smith A, Ntoumanis N, Duda J. An investigation of coach behaviors, goal motives, and implementation intentions as predictors of well-being in sport. J Appl Sport Psychol. 2010; 22, 17-33.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 10. Kadzikowska-Wrzosek R. Subiektywna ocena postępu w realizacji celow. Wpływ implementacji intencji oraz roznic indywidualnych w sposobie formułowania celow i w sile woli [Subjective evaluation of progress in achieving the objectives. The impact of the implementation of intentions and individual differences in the formulation of the goals and the power of will]. Psychologia Spoleczna, 2011;16(1):49-66. Polish.
  • 11. Lukaszewski W, Marszal-Wisniewska M. Wytrwałosc w dzialaniu. Wyznaczniki sytuacyjne i osobowosciowe [Tenacity in action. Situational and personality determinants]. Gdansk: Gdanskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne; 2006. Polish
  • 12. Marszal-Wisniewska M. Orientacja na dzialanie versus stan a osiagniecia sportowe [Action orientation versus state and sport achievements]. In: Rychta T, editor. Zachowanie celowe w sporcie a osobowosc [Intentional behavior in sports and personality]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu; 1998, 20-34. Polish.
  • 13. Heckhausen H, Strang H. Efficiency under record performance demands: exertion control - an individual differences variable? J Pers Soc Psychol. 1988; 55(3): 489-498.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 14. Raab M, Johnson JG. Individual differences of action orientation for risk-taking in sport. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2004; 75(3): 326-336.[Crossref]
  • 15. Poczwardowski A. Ksztaltowanie pewnosci siebie jako wiodacej cechy sportowcow [Shaping selfconfidence as the leading characteristics of athletes]. In: Klodecka-Rozalska J, editor.Przekraczanie umysłem mozliwosci ciala [Crossing possibilities of the body with the mind]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Centralnego Osrodka Sportu;1996, 15-26. Polish.
  • 16. Poczwardowski A, Conroy DE, Henschen KP. Evaluative criteria and consequences associated with failure and success for elite athletes and performing artists. J Appl Sport Psychol. 2001; 13(3): 300-322.
  • 17. Jarvis M. Psychologia sportu [Psychology of sport]. Gdańsk: Gdanskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne; 2003. Polish
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bjha-2014-0029
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