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2014 | 6 | 4 | 259-266
Tytuł artykułu

Underweight, overweight and obesity in boys and girls at the age of 7-18 years from the Podlaskie Province (Poland) in the years 1986 and 2006

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The objective of this study was to determine changes in the group size of girls and boys with proper BMI values and their peers with underweight, overweight and obesity in a twenty-year time span. Material/Methods: In 1985 and 1986,20,353 boys and girls were examined, and 20 years later, 10,705 students. Measurements of body height and body mass were taken, which enabled calculating values of the Body Mass Index (BMI). The statistical significance of differences between mean values obtained in 1986 and 2006 was verified with Student’s test for independent variables. The statistical significance of differences between the number of girls and boys classified to each group in respect of the whole group surveyed in 1986 and 2006 was determined with the χ² test. Results: The greatest generation changes in the mass-to-height proportions were noted in the youngest children from the Podlaskie Province. It was higher by 1.66% in pupils with 2nd degree underweight, and higher by 4.79% and 1.29% in pupils with overweight and obesity, respectively, while it was lower by 10.11% among boys with a normal BMI value. In girls the percentage with normal BMI values was observed to decrease by 8.95%, whereas among girls with overweight - to increase by 4.85%. Conclusions: The results may suggest that a greater percentage of the young generation will be characterized by improper mass-to-height proportions
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
6
Numer
4
Strony
259-266
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
otrzymano
2013-10-01
zaakceptowano
2014-10-01
online
2014-12-30
Twórcy
autor
  • Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in BialaPodlaska, Poland Department of Anthropology and Anthropomotorics
  • Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in BialaPodlaska, Poland Department of Anthropology and Anthropomotorics, agnieszka.wasiluk@awf-bp.edu.pl
Bibliografia
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  • 5. Güngör NK. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2014;3:129-143.[PubMed]
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  • 7. Kopelman P. Health risks associated with overweight and obesity. Obesity. 2007;s1: 13-17.
  • 8. Bray GA. Medical Consequences of Obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;6:2583-2589.
  • 9. Scarpa M, Ruffolo C, Erroi F, et al. Obesity is a risk factor for multifocal disease and recurrence after colorectal cancer surgery: A case-control study. Anticancer Res. 2014;10:5735-5741.[PubMed]
  • 10. Wiltink J, Michal M, Wild PS, et al. Associations between depression and different measures of obesity (BMI, WC, WHtR, WHR). BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:223.[WoS]
  • 11. Raj D, Kabra SK, Lodha R. Childhood Obesity and Risk of Allergy or Asthma. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2014;4:753-765.[PubMed]
  • 12. Chrzanowska M, Suder A. The extent of overweight index in children and adolescents from Cracow, Poland (1971-2000). HOMO. 2010;6:453-458.[WoS]
  • 13. Wasiluk A, Saczuk J, Zalech M. Underweight, overweight and obesity in girls at the age of 7-19 years from the Lubelskie Province in the years 1986-2006. Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism. 2013;1:11-17.
  • 14. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 2000;320:1240-1243
  • 15. Cole TJ, Flegal KM, Nicholls D, Jackson AA. Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey. BMJ. 2007; 335:194-197.[WoS]
  • 16. Przeweda R, Dobosz J. Growth and physical fitness of Polish youths. Warszawa: AWF; 2005.
  • 17. Laska-Mierzejewska T, Olszewska E. Anthropological assessment of changes in living conditions of the rural population in Poland in the period 1967-2001. Ann Hum Biol. 2007, 3:362-376.[WoS]
  • 18. Bielicki T, Szklarska A, Koziel S, Ulijaszek SJ. Changing patterns of social variation in stature in Poland: effects of transition from a command economy to the free-market system? J Biosoc Sci. 2005;37:427-434.
  • 19. Saczuk J, Wasiluk A. Changes in the somatic and fitness variables in girls over two decades. Biomedical Human Kinetics. 2010;2:102-105.
  • 20. Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkin BM. Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;75:971-977.
  • 21. Oblacinska A, Jodkowska M. Otyłosc u polskich nastolatków. Epidemiologia, styl życia, samopoczucie [Obesity among Polish teenagers. Epidemiology, lifestyle, well-being]. Warszawa: Instytut Matki i Dziecka; 2007. Polish
  • 22. Tokmakidis A, Christodulos D, Savvas P. Fitness levels of Greek primary schoolchildren in relationship to overweight and obesity. Eur J Pediatr. 2006;165:867-874
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bjha-2014-0024
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