Study regarding the role of motivation in the sport performance activities
Background: What does it mean to be motivated? This is a question often formulated by psychologists and other researchers of human behavior. However it is a question which interests more or less managers and coaches, but the produced effects can be determinative for the activity of sports performance at all levels. Material/Methods: The present work aims to analyze the measurements in which the actions connected to athletes’ motivation , undertaken by sports organizations, influence and support their activities in order to increase performance. For this purpose we used the literature survey, a questionnaire, data analysis and data processing. This research was conducted on a total of 177 registered athletes from various sports clubs. Stability issues were tracked in the sports club, the conditions in which they operate, the level of motivation in training and competitions, team status, the level of aspiration, the level of appreciation and rewards, etc. Results: It is remarkable that the athlete’s option for the possibility to achieve high performance constitutes a more important motivator than the opportunity to have greater earning money though financial conditions. Conclusions: The motivation in training shows fluctuations due to factors of sports nature but also material stability, especially influencing athletes’ mental comfort. The levels of assessment, communication and reward are important motivational factors with direct effects on the results obtained by athletes both in competition and in training.
- 1. Hagger MS, Chatzisarantis NLD. Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2007.
- 2. Deci EL, Flaste R. Why we do what we do: Understanding self-motivation. New York: Penguin Books;1996.
- 3. Hodge K. The complete guide to sport motivation. London: BLACK A & C; 2005.
- 4. Gonzalez DC. The art of mental training - A Guide to Performance Excellence. GonzoLane Media; 2013.
- 5. Danaiaţa I, Bibu, N, Prediscan M. Management - bazeleteoretice [Management - theoretical basis]. Timisoara: Ed. Mirton; 2002. Romanian.
- 6. Derek T, Hall L. Fundamentals of human resource management. Pearson Education Limited; 2009.
- 7. Dictionarulexplicativ al limbiiromane, editia a II-a [Explanatory Dictionary of the Romanian Language, second edition], Academia Romana, Institutul de Lingvistica „IorguIordan”, EdituraUniversEnciclopedic Gold; 2012. Romanian.
- 8. Bill K. Sport management. Exeter: Learning Matters; 2009.
- 9. Gentile D. Teaching sport management: A practical guide. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers Ltd.; 2010.
- 10. Elliot AJ, Dweck CS. Handbook of competence and motivation. New York: The Guilford Press; 2007.
- 11. Elliot AJ. Handbook of approach and avoidance motivation. New York: Tazlor and Francis Group Ltd.; 2008.
- 12. Turcu C, Ionescu D. Psihologia sportului, Compendiu. Timisoara: EdituraPolitehnica; 2004. Romanian.
- 13. Withmore J. Coaching pentruperformana [Coaching for performance] Bucuresti: Ed. Publica; 2008. Romanian.
- 14. Heckhausen J, Heckhausen H. Motivation and action. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press; 2010
- 15. Lussier R, Kimball D. Applied sport management skills. South Western, USA; 2009.
- 16. Herzberg F, Mausner B, Bloch Snyderman B. The motivation to work. Transaction Publishers; 1993.
- 17. Hodge K. Sport motivation: Training your mind for peak performance. Auckland: Penguin Group New Zealand, Ltd.; 2010.
- 18. Butt DS. The psychology of sport: The behavior, motivation, personality, and performance of athletes. New york: Van Nostrand Reinhold; 1987.
- 19. Walsh A, Giulianotti R. Ethics, money and sport: This sporting mammon. London: Routledge; 2009.
- 20. Burton D, Raedeke T. Sport Psychology for Coaches. Champaigne, Ill.:Human Kinetics; 2008.