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2013 | 5 | 4 | 249-260
Tytuł artykułu

Characteristics of technical-tactical preparation of Russian men’s judo representation during the Olympic Games in London in 2012

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background The aim of the study was to determine the value of indices of tactical and technical preparation (PTT) of Russian judo athletes during the Olympic Games in London. The values of these indices may designate the direction of activity in the process of special preparation and in the search for factors to optimize training before the main competitions. Material/Methods: During the Olympic Games in London in 2012, Russian judo representatives fought 31 fights. A multiple analysis of video footage and graphic registration allowed marking 423 technical attacks (including 24 efficient attacks) of the representatives of Russia and 384 attacks (including 5 efficient attacks) performed by their opponents in these competitions. On the basis of the classification of judo techniques developed by Kodokan Judo, an assessment of the effectiveness of particular groups of techniques has been made. The most commonly used technique and the dominant techniques used by the observed athletes have been distinguished. Indices of tactical and technical preparation have enabled the identification of characteristic features of preparation of the representatives of Russia and of their opponents during the Olympic Games in London in 2012. Results: Russian athletes were characterized by high efficiency of techniques from the grappling group. The dominant techniques were: varieties of the broken scarf hold (kesa gatame kuzure), back-lying perpendicular armbar (ude hishigi juji gatame), sweeping hip throw (harai goshi) and the sacrifice throw "valley drop" (tani otoshi). Athletes were characterized by stable efficiency of techniques from all the groups of throws and with 100% efficiency of defence in ground fighting. Russian competitors were far superior to their opponents in the efficiency of the ways and directions of performing throws (Ea - WP, NP, F, B). They retained a positive index of activity (A = +1.162). The advantage of values of the determined indices of tactical and technical preparation among representatives of Russia over their opponents in the Olympic Games in London was commensurate with the obtained results. Conclusions: The efficiency of Russian athletes during the OG in London was confirmed by the values of the indices by which tactical and technical preparation was evaluated. The analysis of indices allowed characterizing features specific to Russian representatives.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
4
Strony
249-260
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-12-01
online
2014-01-22
Twórcy
autor
autor
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Bialystok University of Technology, Bialystok, Poland
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Adam M. Skutecznosc startowa reprezentacji narodowych w judo na pierwszym etapie kwalifikacji do Igrzysk Olimpijskich 2012 r. [Starting efficiency of national judo teams at the first stage of qualifications for the 2012 Olympic Games]. Sport Wyczynowy. 2011(2):43-49. Polish.
  • 2. Adam M, Smaruj M, Laskowski R. Graficzna metoda rejestracji walki judo [A graphic method of registering a judo fight]. Sport Wyczynowy. 2005 (5/6): 33-43. Polish.
  • 3. Kano J. Kodokan Judo. Tokyo - New York: Kodansha International; 1986.
  • 4. Daigo T. Kodokan judo throwing techniques. Tokyo-New York-London: Kodansha International; 2005.
  • 5. Kawamura T, Daigo T. Kodokan New Japanese-English Dictionary of Judo. Tokyo: The Foundation of Kodokan Judo Institute; 2000.
  • 6. Adam M, Smaruj M, Tyszkowski S. The diagnosis of the technical-tactical preparation of judo competitors during the World Championships (2009 and 2010) in the light of the new judo sport rules. Archives of Budo. 2011;7:5-9.
  • 7. Adam M, Tyszkowski S, Smaruj M. The Contest Effectiveness of the Men’s National Judo Team of Japan and Character of Their technical-Tactical Preparation during the World Judo Championships 2010.Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity. 2011;3(1):65-74.
  • 8. Hicks S, Soames N. 50 Great Judo Champions. London: Ippon Books; 2001.
  • 9. Adam M, Tabakov S, Blach L, Smaruj M. Characteristics of Technical-Tactical Preparation of men’s and women’s Competitors Participating in the Olympic Games - London 2012. IDO Movement for Culture: Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology. 2013;13(2):75-88.
  • 10. Iatskievich A. Russian judo. London: Ippon Books; 1999.
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  • 12. Walle van der R. Pick-ups. London: Ippon Books; 1996.
  • 13. Koblev J.K, Rubanov M.N, Nevzorov V.M. Judo Moderno [Modern judo]. Milano: EDI-Ermes; 1988. Italian.
  • 14. Beissner C, Briod M. Judo. Training, Technik, Taktik [Training, technique, tactics]. Reinbek/Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch; 1990. German.
  • 15. Blach W, Migasiewicz J, Hajdrych T, Cynarski WJ. Possibilities of technical and tactical acting in judo shown on example of fight at junior and adult World Cup. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology. 2006;6:169-175.
  • 16. Parkhomovitchz GP. Osnovy klasychnego djudo [Basics of classical judo]. Chelyabinsk: Ural-Press. Ltd.;1993. Russian.
  • 17. Komata K, Sakamoto M. Shiai ni Katsu. Tokyo: Oizumi Shoten; 2009. Japanese.
  • 18. Adam M, Smaruj M, Pujszo R. The individual profile of the technical-tactical preparation of the World judo Championships in 2010-2011. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology. 2012;12(2):50-59.
  • 19. Matsumoto Y. No Coaching. Tokyo: Gendai Supotsu; 1975. Japanese.
  • 20. Pismenski IA, Koblev JK, Sytnik EI. Mnogoletnia podgotovka djudoistov [Long-term preparation of judokas].Moskva: Fizkultura i Sport; 1982. Russian.
  • 21. Shulika JA, Koblev JK, editors. Djudo sistema i borba [Judo idea and fight]. Rostov Don: Feniks; 2006.Russian.
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  • 23. Pujszo R, Samara M, Adam M, Skorupa H. Aerobic Physical Capacity and Control of Posture in Non- Training Women Students Pilot Study. Research Yearbook. 2008;14(1):20-26.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bjha-2013-0023
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