PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 5 | 2 | 99-105
Tytuł artykułu

Physical fitness and selected parameters of the respiratory system and other somatic components among 12-year-old children

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The purpose of the study was to present components of fitness and body composition and to determine the correlation between parameters of biological development in a group of schoolchildren. Material/Methods: Analysis of somatic features of 12-year-old children, of both sexes, from the Pomeranian province in Poland (99 boys and 96 girls) included basic parameters of the respiratory system, body fat, height and body weight. Functional indicators, i.e. components of motor abilities, have been tested. Results: Boys had significantly better results of endurance and jumping ability, and girls dominated in flexibility and somatic components like height, weight and skinfold thickness and additionally in Forced Vital Capacity and Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second. In the group of boys the Maximal Mid Expiratory Flow25/75 was significantly correlated with shoulders strength. In the group of girls Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second and its relationship to Forced Vital Capacity was correlated with shoulders strength. The Peak Expiratory Flow rate was significantly correlated with abdominal strength and flexibility. Forced Vital Capacity was correlated with flexibility and Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second - with flexibility too. The biggest intensity of correlation was observed in the case of boys skinfold thickness with speed, jumping ability, shoulder strength, agility and endurance. The group of girls has weight correlated with speed and jumping ability and skinfold thickness correlated with the same parameters. Boys’ endurance of was significantly correlated with weight and skinfold thickness and girls’ endurance additionally with height. Conclusions: Significant differences between males and females have been identified with regard to body type and fitness. In the group of girls more correlations between parameters of the respiratory system and basic components of fitness were observed. However, the opposite situation appeared in the case of relationships between the remaining somatic indicators (height, weight and skinfold thickness) and general components of fitness, where more correlations in the group of boys have been reported.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
2
Strony
99-105
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-06-01
online
2013-06-28
Twórcy
autor
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Dep. of Biology, Ecology and Sports Medicine, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland, ul. K. Górskiego 1, Phone: +4858 554-73-92, mpasek@awf.gda.pl
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Jagiello W, Kalina R, Tkaczuk W. Development of strength abilities in children and youth. Biol Sport. 2004;21:352-366.
  • 2. Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M, Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Kocełak P, Plewa M, Janowska J. The effect of weight loss on serum concentrations of nitric oxide induced by short-term exercise in obese women. Biol Sport. 2009;26:173-182.
  • 3. Beunen G, Malina R, Ostyn M, Renson R, Simons J, Van Gerven D. Fatness, growth and motor fitness of Belgian boys. Hum Biol. 1983;3:599-613.
  • 4. Malina R, Beunen G, Classens A, et al. Fatness and physical fitness of girls 7 to 17 years. Obes Res. 1995;3:221-231.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 5. Radsepp L, Jurimae T. Physical activity, aerobic fitness and fatness in preadolescent children. Sport Med Training Rehab. 1998;8:123-131.
  • 6. Graf C, Koch B, Kretschmann-Kandel E, et al. Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-Project). Int J Obes. 2004;28:22-26.[Crossref]
  • 7. Monyeki M, Koppes L, Kemper H, et al. Body composition and physical fitness of undernourished South African rural primary school children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59:877-883.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 8. Mercier J, Varray A, Ramonatxo M, Mercier B, Préfaut C. Influence of anthropometric characteristics on changes in maximal exercise ventilation and breathing pattern during growth in boys. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1991;63:235-241.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 9. Shephard R, Lavallée H. Effects of enhanced physical education on lung volumes of primary school children. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1996;36:186-194.[PubMed]
  • 10. Twisk J, Staal B, Brinkman M, Kemper H, van Mechelen W. Tracking of lung function parameters and the longitudinal relationship with lifestyle. Eur Respir J. 1998;12:627-634.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 11. Zverev Y, Gondwe M. Ventilatory capacity indices in Malawian children. East Afr Med J. 2001;78:14-18.[PubMed]
  • 12. Doherty M, Dimitriou L. Comparison of lung volume in Greek Swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls using allometric scaling. Br J Sport Med. 1997;31:337-341.[Crossref]
  • 13. Cheng Y, Macera C, Addy C, Sy F, Wieland D, Blair S. Effect of physical activity on exercises tests and respiratory function. Br J Sport Med. 2003;37:521-528.[Crossref]
  • 14. Lemaitre F, Bedu M, Coudert J. Pulmonary function in children and adult scuba divers: a longitudinal study. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2004;16:378-390.
  • 15. Rozek K, Slawinska T, Ignasiak Z, Domaradzki J. The relationship between adiposity and lung ventilation parameters and physical efficiency in the youth from industrial regions. Pol J Environ Stud. 2006;15(2B):678-681.
  • 16. Schunemann H, Dorn J, Grant B. Pulmonary function is a long term predictor of mortality in the general population: 29-years follow-up of the Buffalo Health Study. Chest. 2000;118:656-664.[Crossref]
  • 17. Lohman TG. The use of skinfolds to estimate body fatness on children and youth. JOPERD. 1987;58(9):98-102.
  • 18. Cooper KH. The Aerobics Way. New York: Bantam Books; 1981.
  • 19. Trzesniowski R, Pilicz S. Tabele sprawnosci fizycznej młodziezy w wieku od 7-19 lat [Tables of physical fitness of youth aged 7-19]. Warszawa: AWF; 1989. Polish.
  • 20. Ambrozy T. Ocena dymorfizmu plciowego w zakresie cech somatycznych oraz sprawnosci motorycznej dzieci i młodziezy z wybranych regionow wojewodztwa krakowskiego [An assessment of sex dimorphism in somatic features and motor fitness of children and youth from selected regions of the Krakow province. In. Socha T, ed. Problemy dymorfizmu plciowego w sporcie [Issues of sex dimorphism in sport]. Katowice: AWF; 2002, 92-101. Polish.
  • 21. Szopa J. Zmiennosc ontogenetyczna, zroznicowanie srodowiskowe oraz genetyczne uwarunkowania rozwoju komponentow ciala w populacji wielkomiejskiej w wieku 7-61 lat [Ontogenetic variability, envi ronmental diversity and genetic determinants of the development of body components in an urban population aged 7-61]. Monograph No 22. Krakow: AWF; 1985. Polish.
  • 22. Zak S. Zdolnosci kondycyjne i koordynacyjne dzieci i młodziezy w populacji wielkomiejskiej na tle wybranych uwarunkowan somatycznych i aktywnosci ruchowej [Condition and coordination skills of children and youth in an urban population compared to selected somatic determinants and physical activity]. Monograph No 43. Krakow: AWF; 1991. Polish.
  • 23. Rozek K. Wybrane parametry wentylacyjne pluc w aspekcie poziomu zdolnosci motorycznych dzieci I młodziezy [Selected ventilator parameters of lungs in the aspect of the level of motor skills in children and youth]. Studia i Monografie [Studies and Monographs] No 84. Wrocław: AWF; 2006. Polish.
  • 24. Wang X, Dockery D, Wypij D, Fay M, Ferris B Jr. Pulmonary function between 6 and 18 years of age. Pediatr Pulmonol. 1993;15:75-88.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 25. Nair R, Kesavachandran C, Sanil R, Sreekumar R, Shashidhar S. Prediction equation for lung functions in South Indian children. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997;41(4):390-396.[PubMed]
  • 26. Lis G, Haluszka J, Wilim G. Wartosc krzywej przeplyw-objetosc u dzieci zdrowych z Krakowa [The value of the flow-volume curve in healthy children from Krakow]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1993;61(1-2):11-17. Polish.
  • 27. Kemper H, Verschuur R. Maximal aerobic Power in 13- and 14-years-old teenagers in relation to biologic age. Int J Sports Med. 1981;2:97-100.[Crossref]
  • 28. Klimek A, Cempla J. Zmiany parametrow fizjologicznych charakteryzujących progi metaboliczne i maksymalne obciazenie wysilkowe u chłopcow w okresie dojrzewania [Changes in physiological parameters characterising metabolic thresholds and maximal loads in adolescent boys]. Antropomotoryka. 1997;16:127-145. Polish.
  • 29. Tokmakidis S, Kasambalis A, Christodoulos A. Fitness levels of Greek primary schoolchildren in relationship to overweight and obesity. Eur J Pediatr. 2006;165:867-874.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 30. Boddy L, Hackett A, Stratton G. Changes in BMI and prevalence of obesity and overweight in children in Liverpool, 1998-2006. Perspect Public Heal. 2009;129:127-131.[WoS]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bjha-2013-0009
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.