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Tytuł artykułu

Polish Fans’ Emotions during EURO 2012

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The study was conducted during the 2012 UEFA European Football Championships between 8 and 19 June. It aimed at longitudinal investigation into the dynamics of Polish fans’ emotions related to the performance of their national football team. Special focus was laid on investigating the evaluation of organizational preparedness to the tournament as a broader context for sport events, and relating it to fans’ emotions Material/Methods: Over 700 individuals took part in 3 waves of the study which corresponded to Polish team’s games in the group stage of the tournament. Participants were contacted immediately after the final whistles, receiving e-mails with links to on-line questionnaires. In the first wave, respondents filled in the scales of national pride and shame, interest in football, enthusiasm and skepticism after the opening match and anticipatory emotions before the second match. In the second wave, outcome-related emotions were measured as real (the draw score) and as counterfactual (victory and loss). In the third wave, scales concerning Poland’s final defeat were employed. Each wave included measures of fans’ behavior during the game. Results: The experience of a real (with the Czech Republic) or imaginary (with Russia) defeat was determined by pre-match anticipatory excitement and the intensity of expressive behavior during the match. Satisfaction with the tournament organization and general enthusiasm about the event affected the emotional reaction to the outcome draw (with Russia) as well as to constructive coping with the eventual defeat. Conclusions: Draw is experienced by football fans as qualitatively different from a loss or a victory. Defeat of a team or its victory are highly emotional results whereas a draw leads to more balanced reactions and derives its meaning from the context of the event.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
1
Strony
7-16
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-03-01
online
2013-03-22
Twórcy
  • University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Psychology, 03-815 Warsaw, Poland, Chodakowska 19-31, Phone: +4822 517 9812, ina.wilczewska@swps.edu.pl
autor
  • University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 3. Oglądalność Euro 2012 - 6,3 mln widzów fazy grupowej (raport) [in Polish] [Euro 2012 ratings - 6.3 million viewers of the group stage (the report)] [http://media2.pl/euro2012/93299-Ogladalnosc-Euro-2012-63-mln-widzow-fazy-grupowej-raport.html] [accessed on 16.01.2013]
  • 4. Gibbons T. English national identity and the national football team: the view of contemporary English fans. Soccer & Society 2011; 12:865-879.
  • 5. Jones MV, Coffee P, Sheffield D, Yangüez M, Barker JB. Just a game? Changes in English and Spanish soccer fans’ emotions in the 2010 World Cup. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2012;13:162-169.[WoS]
  • 6. Atkinson JW. A theory of achievement motivation. New York: Wiley; 1966.
  • 7. McClelland DC. Human motivation. Glennview: Scott, Foresman & Co; 1985.
  • 8. Boski P. Potrzeba osiągnięć a wzrost ekonomiczny [in Polish] [Achievement need and economic growth]. In: Reykowski J, editor. Osobowość a społeczne zachowanie ludzi [Peronality vs people’s social behaviour]. Warszawa: KiW; 1980, 25-120.
  • 9. Scherer KR. The role of culture in emotion-antecedent appraisal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1997;7:902-922.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 10. Kerr JH, Wilson GV, Nakamura I, Sudo Y. Emotional dynamics of soccer fans at winning and losing games. Pers Indiv Differ 2005;38:1855-1866.[Crossref]
  • 11. Wann DL, Dolan TJ, McGregor KK, Allison JA. Relationships between spectator identification and spectators’ perception of influence, spectators’ emotions and competition outcome. J Sport Exercise Psy 1994;14:347-364.
  • 12. Wann DL, Royalty JL, Rochelle AR. Using motivation and team identification to predict sport fans’ emotional response to team performance. Journal of Sport Behavior 2002;25:322-337.
  • 13. Stott C, Adang O, Livingstone A, Schreiber M. Variability in the collective behaviour of England fans at Euro2004: ‘Hooliganism’, public order policing and social change. European Journal of Social Psychology 2007;37:75-100.
  • 14. Gorący A. Zachowania agresywne kibiców [in Polish] [Fans’ aggressive behavior]. In: Rychta T, Guszkowska M, editors. Wkład nauk humanistycznych do wiedzy o kulturze fizycznej [Humanistic sciences’contribution to the science of physical culture]. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe Kultury Fizycznej. Sekcja Psychologii Sportu; 2003, 191-196.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bjha-2013-0001
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