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Tytuł artykułu

Anaerobic power, muscle strength and physiological changes in physically active men following yogic practice

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of three months (90 min daily for five days in a week) yogic practice on physiological and physical parameters of physically active service personnel. Material and methods: Healthy male volunteers (n=60) of age 27±3 years were randomly selected from paramilitary force of the country in this study. A pre designed yoga training course for 3 months comprising of Prayer, Suddhi kriyas, Yogasanas, Pranayamas, Meditation, Mudra and Bandh was imparted daily by certified yoga teacher in the morning for 90 min. Results: After three months of yogic training, body weight and body mass index did not change significantly, systolic blood pressure and mean blood pressure decreased significantly (p < 0.05). We did not found any significant change in heart rate diastolic blood pressure and respiratory rate. Breath-hold time and strength of the peripheral muscle (back and leg muscle strength) was increased significantly (p < 0.001), whereas peak expiratory flow rate did not change significantly. Anaerobic power was improved significantly (p < 0.05) by means of increasing peak power and average power. Conclusion: The present study revealed that the practice of selected yogic training for 3 months resulted improvement in health and performance of the physically active paramilitary force of Indian army.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2014-01-17
Twórcy
autor
  • Centre for Advanced Research and Training in Yoga (CARTY), Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • PDM Dental College & Research Institute, Sarai, Aurangabad, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India, Pin – 124507
autor
  • Work Physiology & Yoga, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • Centre for Advanced Research and Training in Yoga (CARTY), Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • Work Physiology & Yoga, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • Work Physiology & Yoga, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • Work Physiology & Yoga, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi – 110054, India
  • Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, 68 Ashoka Road, New Delhi 110001
Bibliografia
  • 1. Ankad R.B., B.S. Ankad, A. Herur, S. Patil, S. Chinagudi, G.V. Shashikala (2011) Effect of Short Term Pranayama and Meditation on Respiratory Parameters in Healthy Individuals. Int. J. Collab. Res. Internal Med. Public Health, 3(6): 430-437.
  • 2. Balasubramanian B., M.S. Pansare (1991) Effect of yoga on aerobic and anaerobic power of muscle. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 35(4): 281-282.
  • 3. Balke J., R.W. Ware (1959) An experimental study of physical fitness of Air Force personnel. US. Armed. Forces. Med. J., 10: 675-688.
  • 4. Bera T.K., M.V. Rajapurkar (1993) Body composition, cardiovascular endurance and anaerobic power of yogic practitioner. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 37: 225-228.
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  • 6. Bhattacharya S., U.S.Pandey, N.S. Verma (2002) Improvement in oxidative status with yogic breathing in young healthy males. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 46: 349-54.
  • 7. Chandra AM., S. Ghosh, R. Iqbal, N. Sadhu (2007) A Comparative Assessment of the Impact of Different Occupations on Workers’ Static Musculoskeletal Fitness. Int. J. Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE), 13(3): 271-278.
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  • 12. Madanmohan, U. Kaviraja, A.B. Bhavanani, P. Vijayalakshmi, A. Surendiran (2005) Effects of slow and fast pranayams on reaction time and Cardiorespiratory variables. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 49: 313-318.
  • 13. Madanmohan, B.P. Thombre, T.K. Nambinarayanan, S. Thakur, N. Krishnamurthy, A. Chandrabose (1992) Effects of yoga training on reaction time, respiratory endurance and muscle strength. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 36: 229-233.
  • 14. Martarelli D., M. Cocchin, S. Scuri, P. Pompei (2009) Diaphragmatic breathing reduces exercise induced oxidative stress. cCAM. 1-9. Doi 10.1093/ecam/nep169.[Crossref]
  • 15. Muralidhara D.V., K.V. Ranganathan (1982) Effect of yoga practice on cardiac recovery index. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 26: 279-283.
  • 16. Murugesan R., N. Govindarajulu, T.K. Bera (2000) Effect of selected yogic practices on the management of hypertension. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 44: 207-210.
  • 17. Rai L., K. Ram (1993) Energy expenditure and ventilatory responses during Virasana - a yogic standing posture. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 37(1): 45-50.
  • 18. Rai L., K. Ram, U. Kant, S.K. Madan, S.K. Sharma (1994) Energy expenditure and ventilatory responses during Siddhasana - a yogic seated posture. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 38(1): 29-33.
  • 19. Raju P.S., K.V. Prasad, R.Y. Venkata, K.J. Murthy, M.V. Reddy (1997) Influence of intensive yoga training on physiological changes in 6 adult women: a case report. J. Altern. Complement. Med., 3: 291- 295.
  • 20. Ray U.S., Mukhopadhyaya S., Purkayastha S.S., Asnani V., Tomer O.S., Prashad R., et al. (2001a) Effect of yogic exercises on physical and mental health of young fellowship course trainees. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 45: 37-53.
  • 21. Ray U.S., K.S. Hegde, W. Selvamurthy (1986) Improvement in muscular efficiency as related to a standard task after yogic exercises in middle - aged men. Indian J. Medic. Res., 83: 343-348.
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  • 23. Ray U.S., A. Pathak, O.S. Tomer (2010) Hatha yoga practices: Energy expenditure, respiratory changes and intensity of exercise. eCAM. doi : 10.1093/ecam/ neq046. 1-12.[Crossref]
  • 24. Ray U.S., B. Sinha, O.S. Tomer, A. Pathak, T. Dasgupta, W. Selvamurthy (2001b) Aerobic capacity and perceived exertion after practice of Hatha yogic exercises. Indian Journal Medical Research. 114: 215-221.
  • 25. Selvamurthy W., Sridharan K., Ray U.S., Tiwary R.S., Hegde K.S., Radhakrishan U., Sinha K.C. (1998) A new physiological approach to control essential hypertension. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmac., 42: 205-213.
  • 26. Sinha B., U.S. Ray, A. Pathak, W. Selvamurthy (2004) Energy cost and cardiorespiratory changes during the practice of suryanamaskar. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 48: 184-190.
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  • 28. Streeter C.C., P.L. Gerbarg, R.B. Saper, D.A. Ciraulo, R.P. Brown (2012) Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Hypotheses, 78: 571-579.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bhk-2013-0017
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