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Tytuł artykułu

Strength profile in young male athletes from different sports

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: The aim of the present study was to determine a strength profile which characterizes young male athletes from different sports and to use the method of allometry to synthetically evaluate the muscular strength with respect to body mass. Material and methods: The study included 85 men who practiced taekwondo (8 subjects), 20 judoists, 10 weightlifters, 35 canoeists and 12 speed skaters. Measurements of maximal muscle torques in 10 groups of flexors and extensors of the elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and trunk were carried out in a testing station for muscle torque measurements under static conditions. In order to determine the relationships between the body mass and muscle torques in each muscle group, the authors used a procedure of linear regression for the data expressed as logarithms. Hence, the allometric relationship scaled with body mass was obtained. Results: The study demonstrated that the mean values of logarithms of maximal muscle torques are significantly different for the representatives of individual sports and they depend on the logarithm of body mass. The analysis of residuals was employed for the evaluation of maximal muscle torques. The highest strength profiles were observed in athletes who practice judo and the lowest in those who represented weightlifting and taekwondo. Conclusion: The authors propose to use an allometric relationship which takes body mass into consideration during evaluation of strength in individual muscle groups, because the values of muscle torques are not in direct proportion to body mass and their mutual proportions change with an increase in body mass.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2013-12-04
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Statistics and Informatics, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 9. Buśko K., A. Madej, A. Mastalerz (2008) Changes of muscle torque after sprint and endurance training performed on the cycle ergometer. Biol. Sport, 25(3): 275-294.
  • 10. Drid P., M. Drapsin, T. Trivic, D. Lukač, S. Obadov, Z. Milosevic (2009) Asymmetry of muscle strength in elite athletes. Biomed. Human Kinet., 1: 3-5.
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  • 12. Gajewski J., K. Buśko, J. Mazur, R. Michalski (2011) Application of allometry for determination of strength profile in young female athletes from different sports. Biol. Sport, 28(4): 239-243.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 16. Pua Y-H., M.T-H. Koh, Y-Y. Teo (2006) Effects of allometric scaling and isokinetics testing methods on the relationship between countermovement jump and quadriceps torque and power. J. Sport Sci., 24(4): 423-432. DOI: 10.1080/02640410500189124[Crossref]
  • 17. Sinclair R.G. (1985) Normalizing the performances of athletes in Olympic Style weightlifting. Can. J. Appl. Sport Sci., 10:94-98.
  • 18. Stone M.H., W.A. Sands, K.C. Pierce, J. Carlock, M. Cardinale, R.U. Newton (2005) Relationship of maximum strength to weightlifting performance. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 37(6): 1037-1043.[PubMed]
  • 19. Tartaruga M.P., M.H. de Medeiros, C.L. Alberton, E.L. Cadore, L.A. Peyré-Tartaruga, R.R. Baptista, M. Coertjens, L.F.M. Kruel (2010) Application of the allometric scale for the submaximal oxygen uptake in runners and rowers. Biol. Sport, 27: 297-300.[Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bhk-2013-0012
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