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Tytuł artykułu

The assessment of muscle strength symmetry in kayakers and canoeists

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: To determine and compare the muscle strength profile and muscle strength symmetry of kayakers and canoeists. Material and methods: A total of 36 male participants participated in the study, including 25 kayakers and 9 canoeists. Measurements of maximum muscle torque were taken under static conditions for 10 muscle groups: flexors and extensors of the elbow, shoulder, knee, hip, and trunk. Muscle torque was allometrically scaled by body mass. To determine the muscle strength profiles of athletes in both disciplines, residual analysis was used. Two methods were utilized to assess and compare the muscle strength symmetry between left and right limbs. The first one is known as intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The second one is an asymmetry coefficient proposed by authors. Results: The study showed that kayakers obtained lower rates of asymmetry indicators than canoeists in most muscle groups. An overall asymmetry coefficient amounted to 0.77 ± 0.20 and 0.99 ± 0.31 (p < 0.05) for kayakers and canoeists, respectively. Moreover, it was observed that the kayakers and canoeists had similar strength profile. The symmetry assessment of maximum muscle torque corresponds to the characteristics of the studied disciplines. Conclusions: The intraclass correlation coefficient is recommended as a measure of strength symmetry for muscle groups comparisons. The asymmetry coefficient is recommended for comparison of individuals.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2013-11-15
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw
autor
  • Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw
  • Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
  • Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw
  • Faculty of Physical Education, Health and Tourism, Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Akca F., Muniroglu S. (2008) Anthropometric - somatotype and strength profiles and on-water performance in Turkish elite kayakers. Int. J. Appl. Sports Sci., 1: 22-34.
  • 2. Bober T., Pietraszewski B. (1996) Strength of muscle groups in swimmers. Biol. Sport, 13: 155-164.
  • 3. Buśko K., Nowak A. (2008) Changes of maximal muscle torque and maximal power output of lower extremities in male judoists during training. Hum. Movement, 9: 111-115.
  • 4. Buśko K., Gajewski J. (2011) Muscle strength and power of elite female and male swimmers. Baltic Journalof Health and Physical Activity, 3: 13-18.
  • 5. Drid P., Drapsin M., Trivic T., Lukač D., Obadov S., Milosevic Z. (2009) Asymmetry of muscle strength in elite athletes. Biomed. Human Kinetics, 1: 3-5.
  • 6. Fekete M., Coach H. (1998) Periodized strength training for sprint kayaking/canoeing. Strength Cond., 20: 8-14.[Crossref]
  • 7. Fidelus K., Skorupski L. (1970) Wielkość momentów sił mięśniowych w poszczególnych stawach u zawodników różnych dyscyplin sportowych. Sympozjum Teorii Techniki Sportowej. Warszawa 26-28.11.1968, 128-140.
  • 8. Gajewski J., Buśko K., Mazur J., Michalski R. (2011) Application of allometry for determination of strength profile in young female athletes from different sports. Biologyof Sport, 28: 239-243.
  • 9. Garcia-Pallares J., Carrasco L., Diaz A., Sanchez- Mediana L. (2009) Post season detraining effects on physiological and performance parameters in top-level kayakers: comparison of two recovery strategies. J. Sports Sci. Med., 8: 622-628.
  • 10. Garcia-Pallares J., Garcia-Fernandez M., Sanchez- Medina L., Izquierdo M. (2010) Performance changes in world-class kayakers following two different training periodization models. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 110: 99-107.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 11. Jaric S., Mirkov D., Markovic G. (2005) Normalizing physical performance tests for body size: a proposal for standardization. J. Strength Cond. Res., 19: 467-474
  • 12. McKean M.R., Burkett B. (2010) The relationship between joint range of motion, muscular strength, and race time for sub-elite flat water kayakers. J. Sci. Med. Sport, 13: 537-542.[Crossref]
  • 13. Perry M.C., Carville S.F., Smith H., Chirstopher I., Rutherford O.M., Newham Di J. (2007) Strength, power output and symmetry of leg muscles: effect of age and history of falling. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 100: 553-561.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 14. Trzaskoma Z, Trzaskoma Ł. (2006) Structure of maximal muscle strength of lower extremities in highly experienced athletes. Phys. Edu. Sport, 50: 73-78.
  • 15. Trzaskoma Z, Trzaskoma Ł. (2001) The proportion between maximal torque of core muscles in male and female athletes. Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 3(Suppl. 2): 601-606.
  • 16. Vanderburgh P.M., Mahar M.T., Chou C.H. (1995) Allometric scaling of grip strength by body mass in college- age men and women. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport, 66: 80-84. [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bhk-2013-0010
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