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2013 | 5 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Drug use in Ghana: knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes in a small group of elite student sportspersons

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: This study assessed the level of knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of tertiary student athletes on doping issues. Emphasis was placed on the knowledge of substances found on the prohibited list of the World Anti- Doping Agency (WADA) as well as the potential effects and side effects of the drugs when consumed. Material and methods: The study was conducted in elite tertiary student sportspersons who had qualified in their various disciplines to represent Ghana at the 2011 World University Games in Shenzhen, China. Results: The study found that these sportspersons had significantly higher levels of knowledge of socially abused drugs that also appeared on the WADA prohibited list, such as cocaine (90.9%, p<0.01), heroine (90.9%, p<0.01), cannabis (87.9%, p<0.01) and steroids (72.7%, p<0.05), as compared to drugs that are not socially abused. There was also a large gap in knowledge among respondents with regard to specific knowledge about the possible effects and side effects of banned substance. Of these sportspersons, 30% had received some form of education on doping agents; however, there was no significant statistical difference in knowledge between respondents that had received some form of education and those that had not. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that sporting authorities would have to intensify their efforts to provide tertiary school athletes with credible and up-to-date information on doping issues. These interventions may also need to be extended to the wider sporting populace.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2013-06-18
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana, ampomahbrown@yahoo.com
  • Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
  • Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Bibliografia
  • 1. Akosa AB, Skin Bleaching (2012). Available from: http://www.ghanahealthservice.org/healthcare.php?nd=11&tt=Skin%20Bleaching.
  • 2. Alaranta A, Alaranta H, Holmila J, et al. Self-Reported Attitudes of Elite Athletes Towards Doping: Differences Between Type of Sport Int J Sports Med 2006; 27: 842-846.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 3. Ama PFM, Betnga B, Ama Moor VJ, et al. Football and doping: study of African amateur footballers Br J Sports Med 2003; 37:307-310.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 4. Hoffman, JR, Faigenbaum AD, Ratamess NA, et al. Nutritional Supplementation and Anabolic Steroid Use in Adolescents. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2008; 40: 15-24.[PubMed]
  • 5. Lambert MI, Titlestad SD, Schwellnus MP Prevalence of androgenic anabolic steroid use in adolescents in two regions of South Africa. S Afr Med J 1998; 88: 876-880.
  • 6. Laure P, Lecerf T, Friser A, et al. Drugs, recreational drug use and attitudes towards doping of high school athletes. Int J Sports Med 2004; 25: 133-138.[PubMed]
  • 7. Lentillon-Kaestner V, Carstairs C. Doping use among young elite cyclists: a qualitative psychosociological approach Scand J Med Sci Sports2010 ; 20: 336-345.[WoS]
  • 8. Papadopoulos FC, Skalkidis I, Parkkari J, et al. ‘‘Sports Injuries’’ European Union Group. Doping use among tertiary education students in six developed countries. Eur J Epidemiol 2006; 21: 307-313.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 9. The World Anti-Doping Code 2011 (2011) http://www.wadaama.org/Documents/World_Anti-Doping_Program/WADPProhibited-list/To_be_effective/WADA_Prohibited_List_2011_EN.pdf
  • 10. Thomas JO, Dunn M., Swift W, et al. Illicit drug knowledge and information-seeking behaviours among elite athletes Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2011; 14: 278-282.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 11. Uvacsek M, Nepusz T, Naughton DP, et al. Self-admitted behaviour and perceived use of performance-enhancing vs psychoactive drugs among competitive athletes Scand J Med Sci Sports 2011; 21: 224-234.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 12. Wanjek B, Rosendahl J, Strauss B, et al. Doping, Drugs and Drug Abuse among Adolescents in the State of Thuringia (Germany): Prevalence, Knowledge and Attitudes Int J Sports Med 2007; 28: 346-353.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • 13. World Anti-Doping Agency. The 2011 Prohibited List (2011) http://www.wada-ama.org/Documents/World_Anti-Doping_Program/WADP-Prohibited-list/To_be_effective/WADA_Prohibited_List_2011_EN.pdf
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_bhk-2013-0001
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