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2005 | 3 | 1 | 1-9
Tytuł artykułu

Multivariate statistical assessment of polluted soils

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study deals with the application of several multivariate statistical methods (cluster analysis, principal components analysis, multiple regression on absolute principal components scores) for assessment of soil pollution by heavy metals. The sampling was performed in a heavily polluted region and the chemometric analysis revealed four latent factors, which describe 84.5 % of the total variance of the system, responsible for the data structure. These factors, whose identity was proved also by cluster analysis, were conditionally named “ore specific”, “metal industrial”, “cement industrial”, and “steel production” factors. Further, the contribution of each identified factor to the total pollution of the soil by each metal pollutant in consideration was determined.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
3
Numer
1
Strony
1-9
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2005-03-01
online
2005-03-01
Twórcy
  • Chair of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry of University of Sofia “St. Kl. Okhridski”, J. Bourchier Blvd. 1, 1164, Sofia, Bulgaria, VSimeonov@chem.uni-sofia.bg
  • Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Lessingstraße 8, 07743, Jena, Germany
  • Chair of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry of University of Sofia “St. Kl. Okhridski”, J. Bourchier Blvd. 1, 1164, Sofia, Bulgaria
autor
  • Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Lessingstraße 8, 07743, Jena, Germany
Bibliografia
  • [1] W. Salomons, U. Förstner and P. Mader: Heavy Metals: problems and solutions, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1995.
  • [2] H. Häni: “Heavy Metal Contamination in Polluted Soils”, Communication of Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Vol., 27, (1996), pp. 289–297.
  • [3] D. Petruzzelli: “Migration and Fate of Pollutants in Soils and Subsoils”, In: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Migration and Fate of Pollutants in Soils and Subsoils held at Maratea, Italy, May 24 to June 5, 1992, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1993.
  • [4] M. Zupan, J.W. Einax, J. Kraft, F. Lobnik and V. Hudnik: “Chemometric Characterization of Soil and Plant Pollution”, Environmental Science & Pollution Research, Vol. 7, (2000), pp. 89–96.
  • [5] Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung, DIN 38414 Teil 7. Schlamm und Sedimente (Gruppe S), Beuth, Berlin, 1993.
  • [6] Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung, DIN 38406 Teil 22, Kationen (Gruppe E) Beuth, Berlin, 1988.
  • [7] Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung, DIN 38406 Teil 6, Kationen (Gruppe E) Beuth, Berlin, 1981.
  • [8] Deutsche Einheitsverfahren zur Wasser-, Abwasser- und Schlammuntersuchung, DIN 38406 Teil 19, Kationen (Gruppe E) Beuth, Berlin, 1980.
  • [9] D.L. Massart and L. Kaufman: “The Interpretation of Analytical Chemical Data by the Use of Cluster Analysis, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1983.
  • [10] C. Samara, D. Voutsa, T. Kouimtzis, N. Bournis and E. Tsani: “Characterization of Airborne Particulate Matter in Thessaloniki, Greece. Part I: Source Related Heavy Metal Concentrations within TSP”, Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 29, (1990), pp. 107–119.
  • [11] C. Samara, T. Kouimtzis and G. Katsoulos: “Characterization of Airborne Particulate Matter in Thessaloniki, Greece. Part II: A Multivariate Modeling Approach for the Source Apportionment of heavy Metal Concentrations within TSP”, Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 41, (1994), pp. 221–232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02772249409357977[Crossref]
  • [12] J.W. Einax, H.W. Zwanziger and S. Geiss: Chemometrics in Environmental Analysis, VCH, Weinheim, 1997. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/352760216X[Crossref]
  • [13] D.L. Massart, B.G.M. Vandeginste, L.M.C. Buydens, S. de Jong, P.J. Lewi and J. Smeyers-Verbeke: Handbook of Chemometrics and Qualimetrics: Data Handling in Science and Technology, Parts A and B, Vols. 20A and 20B, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1997.
  • [14] G.D. Thurston and J.D. Spengler: “A Quantitative Assessment of Source Contributions to Inhalable Particulate Matter Pollution in Metropolitan Boston”, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 19, (1985), pp. 9–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(85)90132-5[Crossref]
  • [15] J. Einax and U. Soldt: “Geostatistical Investigation of Polluted Soild”, Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 351, (1995), pp. 48–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00324291[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_BF02476233
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