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2005 | 3 | 2 | 326-346
Tytuł artykułu

Oxidation of some catecholamines by sodium N-chloro-p-toluenesulfonamide in acid medium: A kinetic and mechanistic approach

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The kinetics of the oxidation of five catecholamines viz., dopamine (A), L-dopa (B), methyldopa (C), epinephrine (D) and norepinephrine (E) by sodium N-chloro-p-toluenesulfonamide or chloramine-T (CAT) in presence of HClO4 was studied at 30±0.1 °C. The five reactions followed identical kinetics with a first-order dependence on [CAT]o, fractional-order in [substrate]o, and inverse fractional-order in [H+]. Under comparable experimental conditions, the rate of oxidation of catecholamines increases in the order D>E>A>B>C. The variation of ionic strength of the medium and the addition of p-toluenesulfonamide or halide ions had no significant effect on the reaction rate. The rate increased with decreasing dielectric constant of the medium. The solvent isotope effect was studied using D2O. A Michaelis-Menten type mechanism has been suggested to explain the results. Equilibrium and decomposition constants for CAT-catecholamine complexes have been evaluated. CH3C6H4SO2NHCl of the oxidant has been postulated as the reactive oxidizing species and oxidation products were identified. An isokinetic relationship is observed with β=361 K, indicating that enthalpy factors control the reaction rate. The mechanism proposed and the derived rate law are consistent with the observed kinetics.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
3
Numer
2
Strony
326-346
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2005-06-01
online
2005-06-01
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Post-Graduate Studies in Chemistry, Central College, Bangalore University, 560 001, Bangalore, India, pswamy_chem@yahoo.com
autor
  • Department of Post-Graduate Studies in Chemistry, Central College, Bangalore University, 560 001, Bangalore, India
autor
  • Department of Post-Graduate Studies in Chemistry, Central College, Bangalore University, 560 001, Bangalore, India
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_BF02476000
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