PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2003 | 1 | 4 | 708-756
Tytuł artykułu

High power self-controled volume discharge based molecular lasers

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An investigation was made of the characteristics of the formation of a selfcontroled volume discharge for the pumping of CO2 lasers, i.e. self-sustained volume discharge (SSVD), which involved a preliminary filling of a discharge gap by an electron flux from an auxiliary-discharge plasma. We have found that this method was suitable for large interelectrode gaps, that distortion of the electric field in the gap by the space charge of the electron flux played an important role in the formation of the discharge and that the electrodes could be profiled dynamically during propagation of an electron flux through the discharge gap and a SSVD could form in systems with a strongly inhomogeneous field. High power SSVD based CO2 laser systems have been created and investigated. Another type of self-controled volume discharge without pre-ionization, i.e. a selfinitiated volume discharge (SIVD), in nonchain HF lasers with SF6−C2H6 mixtures was investigated as well in our review. We have established that, after the primary local electrical breakdown of the discharge gap, the SIVD spreads along the gap in directions perpendicular to that of the electric field by means of the successive formation of overlapping diffuse channels under a discharge voltage close to its quasi-steady state value. It is shown that, as new channels appear, the current flowing through the channels formed earlier decreases. The volume occupied by the SIVD increases with increase in the energy deposited in the plasma and, when the discharge volume is confined by a dielectric surface, the discharge voltage increases simultaneously with increase in the current. The possible mechanisms which explain the observed phenomena, namely the dissociation of SF6 molecules and electron attachment SF6 molecules, are examined. A simple analytical model, which makes it possible to describe these mechanisms at a qualitative level, was developed. High power SIVD based HF(DF) lasers have been developed and tested.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
1
Numer
4
Strony
708-756
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2003-12-01
online
2003-12-01
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of the General Physics, Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, 38 Vavilov St., 119991, Moscow, Russia
Bibliografia
  • [1] V.Yu. Baranov, V.M. Borisov, A.A. Vedenov, S.V. Drobyazko, V.N. Knizhnikov, A.P. Napartovich, V.G. Niz'ev, and A.P. Strel'tsov: Preprint No. 2248 (in Russian), Institute of Atomic Energy, Moscow, 1972.
  • [2] A.J. Palmer: «The article you requested is currently in production and will be available online at a later date», Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, Vol. 138, (1974).
  • [3] V.N. Karnyushin, A.N. Malov, and R.I. Soloukhin: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 5, (1978), pp. 555. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 319 (1978)]
  • [4] H. Seguin and J. Tulip: “The article you requested is currently in production and will be available online at a later date”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 21, (1972), pp. 414. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1654435[Crossref]
  • [5] A.F. BelyatskiT, D.B. Gurevich, M.A. Kanatenko, and I.V. Podmo-shenski, T. Pis'ma: “Zh. Tekh. Fiz.”Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett., Vol. 6, (1980), pp. 73.
  • [6] S.C. Lin and J.I. Levatter: “X-ray preionization for electric discharge laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 34, (1979), pp. 505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.90844[Crossref]
  • [7] A.I. PavlovskiT, V.S. Bosamykin, V.I. Karelin, and V.S. Nikol'skii: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 3, (1976), pp. 601. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 321 (1976)]
  • [8] A.I. Pavlovskii, V.F. Basmanov, V.S. Bosamykin, V.V. Gorokhov, V.I. Karelin, and P.B. Repin: Abstracts of Papers presented at Second All-Union Conf. on Physics of Electric Breakdown in Gases, Tartu (in Russian), (1984), pp. 330.
  • [9] R.V. Babcock, I. Liberman, and W.P. Partlov: “Volume ultraviolet preionization from bare sparks”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., Vol. 12, (1976), pp. 29–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JQE.1976.1069027[Crossref]
  • [10] A.V. Kozrev, Yu.D. Korolev, G.A. Mesyats, Yu.N. Novoselov, A.M. Prokhorov, V.S. Skakun, V.F. Tarasenko, and S.A. Genkin: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 11, (1984), pp. 524. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 356, (1984)]
  • [11] O.P. Judd: J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 45, (1974), pp. 4572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1663090[Crossref]
  • [12] R.E. Beverly III: Appl. Phys., Vol. B 53, (1991), pp. 187–193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00330235[Crossref]
  • [13] V.V. Apollonov, G.G. Baitsur, A.M. Prokhorov, and K.N. Firsov: Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz., Vol. 11, (1985), pp. 1262. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 11, 521 (1985)]
  • [14] A.K. Laflamme: Rev. Sci. Instrum, Vol. 41, (1970), pp. 1578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1684346[Crossref]
  • [15] A.J. Beaulieu: Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 16, (1970), pp. 504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1653083[Crossref]
  • [16] R. Dumanchin and J. Rocca-Serra: C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser, Vol. 269, (1969), pp. 916.
  • [17] V.P. Gorelov, N.N. Minakova, and V.A. Chagin: Elektrotekh. Promst. Ser. Elektrotekh. Mater., Vol. 5, (1972), pp. 20.
  • [18] P.A. Belanger, R. Tremblay, J. Boivin, and G. Otis: Can. J. Phys., Vol. 50, (1972), pp. 2753.
  • [19] V.V. Apollonov, N. Akhunov, V.R. Minenkov, S.S. Pel'tsman, A.M. Prokhorov, B.V. Semkin, K.N. Firsov, and B.G. Shubin: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 11, (1984), pp. 1241. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 835 (1984)]
  • [20] T.Y. Chang: “The article you requested is currently in production and will be available online at a later data”, Rev. Sci. Instrum., Vol. 44, (1973), pp. 405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1686144[Crossref]
  • [21] V.V. Apollonov, V.R. Minenkov, A.M. Prokhorov, B.V. Semkin, K.N. Firsov, B.G. Shubin, and V.A. Yamshchikov: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 11, (1984), pp. 1327. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 898 (1984)]
  • [22] V.V. Apollonov, Yu. M. Vas'kovskii, M.I. Zhavoronkov, A.M. Prokhorov, R.E. Rovinskii, V.E. Rogalin, N.D. Ustinov, K.N. Firsov, I.S. Tsenina, and V.A. Yamshchikov: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 12, (1985), pp. 5. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1985)]
  • [23] V.V. Apollonov, A.I. Barchukov, S.I. Derzhavin, I.G. Kononov, A.M. Prokhorov, K.N. Firsov, Yu. A. Shakir, and V.A. Yamshchikov: Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz., Vol. 3, (1977), pp. 1073. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 441 (1977)]
  • [24] V.V. Apollonov, S.I. Derzhavin, I.G. Kononov, K.N. Firsov, Yu. A. Shakir, and V.A. Yamshchikov: Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz., Vol. 5, (1979), pp. 1518. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 5, 643 (1979)]
  • [25] V.V. Apollonov, N. Akhunov, V.R. Minenkov, S.S. Pel'tsman, A.M. Prokhorov, B.V. Senkin, K.N. Firsov, and B.G. Shubin: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 10, (1983), pp. 1458. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 947 (1983)]
  • [26] A.A. Kuchinskii (Kuchinsky), B.V. Lyublin (Ljublin), V.F. Shanskii (Shansky), and V.A. Sheverev: Proc. Sixteenth Intern. Conf. on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, Dusseldorf., (1983), (ed. by W. Botticker, H. Wenk, and E. Schulz-Gulde), Contributed Papers, Vol. 2, publ. by the Conference Committee, (undated), pp. 200.
  • [27] A.L. Ward: J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 36, (1965), pp. 2540. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1714526[Crossref]
  • [28] A.H. von Engel: Ionized Gases, Clarendon Press, Oxford, (1955).
  • [29] I.L. Kamardin, A.A. Kuchinskii, V.A. Rodichkin, and V.F. Shanskii: Abstracts of Papers presented at Third All-Union Conf. on Laser Optics (in Russian), Leningrad, (1982), pp. 64.
  • [30] S.I. Andreev, N. M. Belousova, P.N. Dashuk, D.Yu. Zaroslov, E.A. Zobov, N.V. Karlov, G.P. Kuz'min, S.M. Nikiforov and A.M. Prokhorov: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 3, (1976), pp. 1721. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 931 (1976)]
  • [31] Yu.D. Korolev, G.A. Mesyats: “Fizika Impul'snogo Proboya Gazov”, The Physics of the Pulsed Electrical Breakdown of Gases, (1991).
  • [32] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, N. Firsov: Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz., Vol. 22, (1996), pp. 60. [Tech. Phys. Lett. 22 1026 (1996)]
  • [33] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, N. Firsov: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 24, (1997), pp. 213. [Quantum Electron. 27 207 (1997)]
  • [34] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, N. Firsov: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 25, (1998), pp. 123. [Quantum Electron. 28 116 (1998)]
  • [35] V.V. Apollonov, N. Firsov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin: Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., Vol. 374, (1998), pp. 3574.
  • [36] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, N. Firsov: II Mezhdunar. Konf. po Fizike Plazmy i Plazmennym Tekhnolo-giyam, Minsk, (1997), pp. 154. [Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Plasma Physics and Plasma Technologies, Minsk, Belarus, 1997], [Minsk: National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 1997)
  • [37] I.M. Bortnik: Fizicheskie Svoistva i Elektricheskaya Prochnost' Elegaza, Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1998. [The Physical Properties and the Electrical Strength of Sulfur Hexafluoride]
  • [38] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, N. Firsov: IX Konf. po Fizike Gazovogo Razryada, Ryazan, (1998), pp. 58. [Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on the Physics of Gas Discharges, Ryazan, 1998], Ryazan: Ryazan Radio Engineering Academy, 1998]
  • [39] L. Richeboeuf, S. Pasquiers, M. Legentil, V.J. Puech: “The influence of H2 and C2H6 molecules on discharge equilibrium and F-atom production in a phototriggered HF laser using SF6”, Phys. D, Vol. 31, (1998), pp. 373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/31/4/007[Crossref]
  • [40] A.F. Zapol'skii, Yushko: Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), Vol. 6, (1979), pp. 408. [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9 248 (1979)]
  • [41] E.B. Gordon, V.I. Matyushenko, P.B. Repin, V.D. Sizov: Khim. Fiz., Vol. 8, (1989) pp. 1212.
  • [42] A.A. Radtsig, M. Smirnov: Spravochnik po Atomnoii Molekulyarnoi Fizike (Handbook of Atomic and Molecular Physics), Atomizdat, Moscow, 1980.
  • [43] H.S. Massey: Negative Ions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1976.
  • [44] D.I. Slovetskii, A.A. Deryugin: “in Khimiya Plazmy”, The Chemistry of Plasma, (1987), pp. 240.
  • [45] A.A. Belevtsev: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL '99), Nara, Japan, 1999, pp. 672.
  • [46] A.V. Melekhov: Abstracts of Papers presented at Second Ail-Union Conf. on Physics of Electric Breakdown of Gases (in Russian), Tartu, 1984, pp. 357.
  • [47] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, A.V. Saifulin, K.N. Firsov: Izv. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Fiz., Vol. 64, (2000), pp. 1439.
  • [48] V.V. Apollonov, K.N. Firsov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, V.F. Oreshkin, A.V. Saifulin, Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., Vol. 370 (1999), pp. 3886.
  • [49] V.V. Apollonov, A.A. Belevtsev, S.Yu. Kazantsev, A.V. Saifulin, F.N. Firsov: Kvantovaya Elektron., Vol. 30, (2000), pp. 207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1070/QE2000v030n03ABEH001689[Crossref]
  • [50] V.V. Apollonov, A.A. Belevtsev, K.N. Firsov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, A.V. Saifulin: Proc. XIII Intern. Conf. on Gas Discharge and their Applications, Vol. 1, (2000), pp. 409.
  • [51] V.V. Apollonov, A.A. Belevtsev, K.N. Firsov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, A.V. Saifulin: Proc. XXV Intern. Conf. on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, Vol. 1, (2001), pp. 255.
  • [52] N. Nakano, N. Shimura, Z.L. Petrovic, T. Makabe: “Simulations of rf glow discharges in SF6 by the relaxation continuum model: Physical structure and function of the narrow-gap reactive-ion etcher”, Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 49, (1994), pp. 4455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.49.4455[Crossref]
  • [53] H. Hilmert, W.F. Schmidt: “Electron detachment from negative ions of sulphur hexafluoride-swarm experiments”, Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol. 24, (1991), pp. 915. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/24/6/016[Crossref]
  • [54] A.A. Belevtsev, L.M. Biberman: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Energ. Tramp., Vol. 3, (1976), pp. 74.
  • [55] V.V. Apollonov, S.Yu. Kazantsev, A.V. Saifulin, K.N. Firsov: Kvantovaya Elektron., Vol. 30, (2000), pp. 483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1070/QE2000v030n06ABEH001747[Crossref]
  • [56] V.V. Apollonov, A.A. Belevtsev, S.Yu. Kazantsev, A.V. Saifulin, K.N. Firsov: Kvantovaya Elektron., Vol. 31, (2001), pp. 629. http://dx.doi.org/10.1070/QE2001v031n07ABEH002017[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_BF02475912
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.