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2004 | 2 | 2 | 363-370
Tytuł artykułu

Segregated network polymer/carbon nanotubes composites

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In this work we present the preparation of conductive polyethylene/carbon nanotube composites based on the segregated network concept. Attention has been focused on the effect of decreasing the amount of filler necessary to achieve low resistivity. Using high- and low-grade single-walled carbon nanotube materials we obtained conductive composites with a low percolation threshold of 0.5 wt.% for high-grade nanotubes, about 1 wt% for commercial nanotubes and 1.5 wt% for low-grade material. The higher percolation threshold for low-grade material is related to low effectiveness of other carbon fractions in the network formation. The electrical conductivity was measured as a function of the single-walled carbon nanotubes content in the polymer matrix and as a function of temperature. It was also found that processing parameters significantly influenced the electrical conductivity of the composites. Raman spectroscopy was applied to study single wall nanotubes in the conductive composites.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
2
Numer
2
Strony
363-370
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2004-06-01
online
2004-06-01
Twórcy
  • Department of Molecular Physics, Technical University of Lodz, 90-924, Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing, D-12200, Berlin, Germany
autor
  • Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing, D-12200, Berlin, Germany
autor
  • Lab. de Materiaux Polymere et de Biomateriaux, UCB-Lyon 1, 69622, Villeurbanne, France
Bibliografia
  • [1] S. Iijima:Nature, Vol. 354, (1991), p. 56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/354056a0[Crossref]
  • [2] M.S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus and P.C. Eklund:Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes, Academic Press, 1996.
  • [3] R.E. Smalley et al.: “Self-Assembly of Fullerene Tubes and Balls”, Based on an address presented by Smalley before “The Robert A. Welch Foundation 39th Conference on Chemical Research: Nanophase Chemistry,” 1995.
  • [4] R.S. Ruoff and D.C Lorents: “Mechanical and thermal properties of carbon nanotubes”,Carbon, Vol. 33, (1995), pp. 925–930. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(95)00021-5[Crossref]
  • [5] J.P. Salvetat, G.A.D. Briggs, J.M. Bonard, R.R. Bacsa, A.J. Kulik, T. Stockli, N.A. Burnham and L. Forro: “Elastic and shear moduli of single-walled carbon nanotubes ropes”,Physical Review Letters, Vol. 82, (1999), pp. 944–947. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.944[Crossref]
  • [6] A. Peigney, Ch. Leurent, E. Flahaut, R.R. Bacsa and A. Rousset: “Specific surface area of carbon nanotubes and bundles of carbon nanotubes”,Carbon, Vol. 39, (2001), pp. 507–514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(00)00155-X[Crossref]
  • [7] M. Narkis, G. Lidor and A. Vaxman: SPE ANTE, Atlanta, 1998.
  • [8] J. Bouchet, C. Carrot, J. Guillet, G. Boiteux, G. Seytre and M. Pineri: “Conductive composites of UHMWPE and ceramics based on the segregated network concept”,Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 40, (2000), pp. 36–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.11137[Crossref]
  • [9] I. Mironi-Harpaz and M. Narkis: “Thermo-electric behaviour (PTC) of carbon black-containing PVDF/UHMWPE and PVDF/XL-UHMWPE Blends”,Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 41, (2001), pp. 205–221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.10722[Crossref]
  • [10] Ye.P. Mamunya: “Morphology and percolation conductivity of polymer blends containing carbon black”,Journal of Macromolecular Science-Physics, Vol. B38, (1999), pp. 615–622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222349908248125[Crossref]
  • [11] V. Krishnamurthy and I.L. Kamel:Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 29, (1989), p. 564. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.760290811[Crossref]
  • [12] M. Lamy De La Chapelle, S. Lefrant, C. Journet, W. Maser, P. Bernier and A. Loiseau: “Raman studies on Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes produced by the electric arc technique”,Carbon, Vol. 36, (1998), pp. 705–708. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(98)00026-8[Crossref]
  • [13] M. Lamy De La Chapelle, C. Stéphan, T.P. Nguyen, S. Lefrant, C. Journet, P. Bernier: “Raman characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes and PMMA-nanotubes composites”,Synthetic Metals, Vol. 103, (1999), pp. 2510–2512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-6779(98)01080-7[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_BF02475579
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