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2004 | 2 | 2 | 347-362
Tytuł artykułu

XPS Study of group IA carbonates

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The results of systematic XPS measurements of all alkali metal carbonates (Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) are presented. The first set of experiments was performed with “as received” commercial carbonate powders under liquid nitrogen conditions using a precooling procedure. A second set of experiments was performed under similar experimental conditions after a preliminary grinding (mechanical activation) of the carbonates. In addition, Na2CO3 *1H2O, NaHCO3 and KHCO3 powders were studied. It was found that sample pre-cooling allows distinction between hydrocarbonates and carbonate hydrates. Storage in air leads to formation of hydrocarbonates at the surface of Li2CO3 and Na2CO3. This phenomenon being more pronounced in the former. In contrast, K2CO3 forms a hydrate with one H2O molecule. Rb2CO3 and Cs2CO3 have hydrocarbonates as well as hydrates at the surface and this is more pronounced for Cs2CO3. Grinding of the carbonates results in the formation of hydrocarbonates at the surface, the tendency to do so was found to increase down the group IA, namely, K
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
2
Numer
2
Strony
347-362
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2004-06-01
online
2004-06-01
Twórcy
  • Chemical Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetsky pr. 2, 198 504 Petergof, St. Petersburg, Russia, andrei.shchukarev@chem.umu.se
autor
  • Chemical Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetsky pr. 2, 198 504 Petergof, St. Petersburg, Russia
Bibliografia
  • [1] F.A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson:Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1988.
  • [2] NIST X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Database, NIST SRD 20, Version 3.2 (http://srdata.nist.gov/xps/).
  • [3] J. Chastain and R.G. King, Jr. (Ed.):Handbook on X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Physical Electronics, Inc., 1995.
  • [4] Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 59th Ed., CRC Press, Inc., 1979.
  • [5] T.R. Dillingham, D.M. Cornelison, K. Galle et al.: “A Study of Solid CO2 byXPS”,Surface Science Spectra, Vol. 4, No. 2, (1997), pp. 157–160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.1247819[Crossref]
  • [6] T.R. Dillingham and D.M. Cornelison: “A Study of Solid CO2/H2O and CO2/CH3OH by XPS”,Surface Science Spectra, Vol. 6, N 2 (1999), pp. 146–152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.1247916[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_BF02475578
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