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2015 | 22 | 1 | 41-45
Tytuł artykułu

Evaluation Of Emotional State, Heart Rate Frequency And Skiing Technique In Ski Hiking

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. The aim of this study was to assess selected psychological, physiological and technical factors related to ski hiking in order to offer some recommendations for ski hikers and ski hike organisers. Material and methods. The hike lasted 8 hours and the hikers covered a distance of 24 kilometres. The ski hikers' emotional state was assessed three times: before the ski hike, 1 hour after the hike and 16 hours after the hike. Their skiing technique was evaluated during the first part of the hike and at the end of the hike. The heart rate of the skiers was recorded over the course of the hike. The data were then processed and analysed statistically. Results. When comparing the data collected for the selected factors during the ski hike, some significant correlations were found. A significant correlation was observed between the level of fear experienced before the ski hike and cycle length for the diagonal stride (r=−0.791, p<0.05), which meant that the hikers with poorer ski technique felt more afraid before the hike. However, these hikers also showed lower levels of sadness 16 hours after the hike (r=0.804, p<0.05). A significant negative correlation (r=−0.849, p<0.05) was found when comparing the average heart rate frequency and the level of anger experienced after the hike, that is the hikers who had a lower heart rate were angrier after the hike. The results helped to develop some important recommendations for ski hikers and ski hike organisers.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Strony
41-45
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
otrzymano
2014-10-29
zaakceptowano
2014-12-10
online
2015-06-15
Twórcy
  • Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Department of Skiing, Shooting, Orienteering, Tourism and Recreation , Intars.Nikonovs@lspa.lv
autor
  • Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Department of Skiing, Shooting, Orienteering, Tourism and Recreation
  • Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Department of Skiing, Shooting, Orienteering, Tourism and Recreation
Bibliografia
  • 1. Bergh U., Forsberg A. (2000). Cross-country ski racing. In R.J. Shephard, P.O., Astrand (eds), Endurance in sport (pp.844-856). Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Science.
  • 2. Ulme G. (2012). Emotional state during recreational activities. Master thesis, Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Riga. [in Latvian]
  • 3. Calvo G.M., Lunqvist D. (2008). Facial expressions of emotion (KDEF): Identification under different display – duration conditions. Behavior Research methods 40(1), 109-115.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 5. Ekman P., Friesen V.W. (2003). Unmasking the face: a guide to recognizing emotions from facial clues. Cambridge MA: Malor books.
  • 6. Smith G.A., Holmberg C.H. (2010). Nordic skiing biomechanics and physiology. In 28th International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports, 19-23 July 2010 (pp. 62-64). Michigan, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • 7. Smith G.A. (2000). Cross-Country Skiing: Technique, Equipment and Environmental Factors Affecting Performance. In V.M. Zatsiorsky (ed.), Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention (pp. 247-270). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
  • 8. Rusko H. (2003). Cross-country skiing. Oxford UK: Blackwell Science.
  • 9. Bilodeau B., Boulay M.R., Roy B. (1992). Propulsive and gliding phases in four cross-country skiing techniques. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercises 24(8), 917-925.
  • 10. Brencis A. (2003) Active tourism. Riga: Biznesa augstskola Turība. [in Latvian]
  • 11. Norstrud H. (1997). Cross-country skiing. Trondheim, Norway: Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
  • 12. Krauksts V., Krauksta D. (2006). Basics of cross country skiers training. Riga: Drukātava. [in Latvian]
  • 13. Bengt S., Astrand O.P. (1967). Maximal oxygen uptake in athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology 23(3), 353-358.
  • 14. Astrand O.P., Rodahl K. (1986). Textbook of work physiology. Physiological bases of exercise. New York: McGraw – Hill.
  • 15. Grants J. (2011). Let us learn skiing. Rīga: Raka.[WoS]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pjst-2015-0012
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