PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 22 | 1 | 35-40
Tytuł artykułu

The Effects Of Swimming And Dry-Land Resistance Training Programme On Non-Swimmers

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. The aim of the study was to estimate the influence of combined swimming and dry-land resistance training on swimming force, swimming performance and strength in non-swimmers. Material and methods. Thirty male non-swimmers took part in the research. They were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: experimental (n=17) and control (n=13). The experimental group took part in combined swimming and dry-land resistance training. The control group took part in swimming training only. The swimming and dry-land resistance training programme lasted twelve weeks (48 training sessions of swimming and 36 sessions of dry-land resistance training). Average training volume and intensity were the same for all swimmers throughout the study protocol. The training programme included dominant aerobic work in front crawl. Results. Dry-land resistance training applied in the experimental group significantly improved the upper body strength. In spite of the theory that dry-land strength training is probably not specific enough to improve the sprint swim performance, the experimental group tended to demonstrate greater improvement in sprint performance. The imitation of the underwater phase of shoulder work during front crawl provided by the ergometer can be a useful training method in non-swimmers.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Strony
35-40
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
otrzymano
2014-03-03
zaakceptowano
2015-02-13
online
2015-06-15
Twórcy
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Department of Athletics , jerzy.sadowski@awf-bp.edu.pl
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education, Department of Biomechanics
  • Department of Swimming and Water Safety
autor
  • Department of Physiology and Biochemistry
  • Department of Foreign Languages
Bibliografia
  • 1. Hill A.V. (1938). The heat of shortening and the dynamic constants of muscle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 126(843), 136-195.
  • 2. Barbosa T.M., Fernandes R.J., Keskinen K.L., Vilas-Boas J.P. (2008). The influence of stroke mechanics into energy cost of elite swimmers. European Journal of Applied Physiology 103(2), 139-49.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • 3. Barbosa T.M., Bragada J.A., Reis V.M., Marinho D.A., Carvalho C., Silva A.J. (2010). Energetics and biomechanics as determining factors of swimming performance: updating the state of the art. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 13(2), 262-9.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 4. Trappe S., Pearson D.R. (1994). Effects of weight assisted dry-land strength training on swimming performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 8, 209-213.
  • 5. Strzelczyk R., Jurecki G. (1976). The influence of experimental loads on speed growth in front crawl. Poznań: AWF Poznań. [in Polish]
  • 6. Strzelczyk R., Wachowski E. (1994). Propulsive force in swimming. Trening 3, 5-17. [in Polish]
  • 7. Jurecki G. (1978). Analysis of special strength levels in a training cycle of swimmers. Poznań: AWF Poznań. [in Polish]
  • 8. Vajciehovskij S.M. (1985). Sistiema sportivnoj podgatovki plavcov k Olimpijskim igram. Moskwa.
  • 9. Counsilman J.E. (1994). The new science of swimming. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • 10. Płatonow W.N. (1997). Professional swimming training. Warszawa: RCMSKFiS. [in Polish]
  • 11. Płatonow W.N. (2000). Obszaja tieoria podgatowki sportsmienaw w ołimpijskom sportie, Kijew: Olimpijskaja Litieratura.
  • 12. Maglischo E.W. (2003). Swimming fastest. The essential reference on technique, training and program design. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 13. Sweetenham B., Atkinson J. (2003). Championship swim training. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 14. Hanula D., Thornton N. (2001). The swim coaching bible. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 15. Hanula D. (2003). Coaching swimming successfully. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 16. Colwin M.C. (2002). Breakthrough swimming. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 17. Dudley G.A., Djamil R. (1985). Incompatibility of endurance-and strength-training modes of exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 59, 1446-1451.
  • 18. Abernethy P., Quigley B. (1993). Concurrent strength and endurance training of the elbow extensors. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 7(7), 234-240.[WoS]
  • 19. Hennessey L.C., Watson A.W.S. (1994). The interference effects of training for strength and endurance simultaneously. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 8(1), 12-19.
  • 20. Sale D.G., MacDougall J.D., Jacobs I., Garner S. (1990). Interaction between concurrent strength and endurance training. Journal of Applied Physiology 68, 260-270.
  • 21. Costill D.L. (1999). Training adaptations for optimal performance. In K.L. Keskinen, P.V. Komi, A.P Hollander (eds), Biomechanics and medicine in swimming VIII (pp. 381-390). Jyvaskyla: University of Jyvaskyla.
  • 22. Pichon F., Chatard J.C., Martin A., Cometti G. (1995). Electrical stimulation and swimming performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 27, 1671-1676.
  • 23. Strass D. (1988). Effects of maximal strength training on sprint performance of competitive swimmers. In B.E. Ungerechts, K. Wilke, K. Reischle (eds), Swimming Science V (pp. 149-156). London: Spon Press.
  • 24. Tanaka H., Costill D.L., Thomas R., Fink W.J., Widrick J.J. (1993). Dry-land resistance training for competitive swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 25, 952-959.
  • 25. Girold S., Maurin D., Dugue B., Chatard J.C., Millet G. (2007). Effects of dry-land vs. resisted- and assisted-sprint exercises on swimming sprint performances. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 21, 599-605.
  • 26. Girold S., Calmels P., Maurin D., Milhau N., Chatard J.C. (2006). Assisted and resisted sprint training in swimming. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 20, 547-554.
  • 27. Toussaint H.M., Vervoorn K. (1990). Effects of specific high resistance training in the water on competitive swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine 11, 228-233.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 28. Sadowski J., Gromisz W., Ivančenko E.I. (2005). The use of “Hydroisokinetic 1” in the training of swimmers. Swimming – III, Research, Training, Hydrorehabilitation (pp. 49-53). Sankt-Petersburg.
  • 29. Brems M. (1984). The fit swimmer: 120 workouts and training tips. Chicago, Illinois: Contemporary Books.
  • 30. Tanaka H., Swensen T. (1998). Impact of resistance training on endurance performance. A new form of cross training? Sports Medicine 25, 191-200.[Crossref]
  • 31. Bulgakova N.Z., Vorontsov A.R., Fomichenko T.G. (1990). Improving the technical preparedness of young swimmers by using strength training. Soviet Sports Review 25(2), 102-104.
  • 32. Aspenes S., Kjendlie P., Hoff J., Helgerud J. (2009). Combined strength and endurance training in competitive swimmers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 8, 357-365.
  • 33. Bollens E., Annemans L., Vaes W., Clarys J.P. (1988). Peripheral EMG comparison between fully tethered swimming and free front crawl swimming. In B. Ungerechts, K. Wilke, K. Reischle (eds), Swimming science 5 (pp. 173-181). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.
  • 34. Toussaint H.M., Beelen A., Rodenburg A., Sargeant A.J., de Groot G., Hollander A.P., et al. (1988). Propelling efficiency of front crawl swimming. Journal of Applied Physiology 65, 2506-2512.
  • 35. Sharp R., Troup J.P., Costill D.L. (1982). Relationship between power and sprint freestyle swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 14, 53-56.[Crossref]
  • 36. Hawley J.A., Williams M.M., Vickovic M.M., Handcock P.J. (1992). Muscle power predicts freestyle swimming performances. British Journal of Sports Medicine 26(3), 151-155.[Crossref]
  • 37. Smith D.J., Norris S.R., Hogg J.M. (2000). Performance evaluation of swimmers: Scientific tools. Sports Medicine 32, 539-554.
  • 38. Stewart A.M., Hopkins W.G. (2000). Seasonal training and performance of competitive swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences 18, 873-884.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 39. Mujika I., Chatard J.C, Busso T., Geyssant A., Barale F., Lacoste L. (1995). Effects of training on performance in competitive swimming. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 20(4), 395-406.[Crossref]
  • 40. Chatard J.C., Mujika I. (1999). Training load and performance in swimming. In K.L. Keskinen, P.V. Komi, A.P. Hollander (eds), Biomechanics and medicine in swimming VIII (pp. 429-434). Finland: University of Jyvaskyla.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pjst-2015-0011
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.