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2015 | 17 | 1 | 41-47
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of waste rubber powder as filler for plywood application

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The study investigated the suitability of waste rubber powder (WRP) use as filler in adhesive formulation for plywood application. Melamine Urea Formaldehyde (MUF) was employed as resin for formulating the wood adhesive. To improve chemical properties and bonding quality of adhesive, WRP was treated by different chemicals like 20% nitric acid, 30% hydrogen peroxide and acetone solution. The treated WRP were analysed by XRD and it showed that inorganic compounds were removed and carbon was remained as major component under the treatment of 20% HNO3. The treatment improved the mechanical properties like shear strength and formaldehyde emission of plywood (high shear strength and low formaldehyde emission). The physico-chemical interaction between the wood, resin and filler was investigated using fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) technique and the interactions among N-H of MUF and C=O of wood and WRP were identified. The morphology of wood-adhesive interface was studied by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and light microscope (LM). It showed that the penetration of adhesives and fillers through the wood pores was responsible for mechanical interlocking. Therefore, chemically treated WRP proved its potential use as filler in MUF based adhesive for making plywood.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
17
Numer
1
Strony
41-47
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-03-25
Twórcy
  • Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, mrkhancep@yahoo.com
autor
  • Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • College of Applied Sciences, Department of Engineering, 311 Sohar, Oman
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pjct-2015-0007
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