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2015 | 17 | 1 | 1-6
Tytuł artykułu

Numerical modeling of batch formation in waste incineration plants

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this paper is a mathematical description of algorithm for controlled assembly of incinerated batch of waste. The basis for formation of batch is selected parameters of incinerated waste as its calorific value or content of pollutants or the combination of both. The numerical model will allow, based on selected criteria, to compile batch of wastes which continuously follows the previous batch, which is a prerequisite for optimized operation of incinerator. The model was prepared as for waste storage in containers, as well as for waste storage in continuously refilled boxes. The mathematical model was developed into the computer program and its functionality was verified either by practical measurements or by numerical simulations. The proposed model can be used in incinerators for hazardous and municipal waste.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
17
Numer
1
Strony
1-6
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-03-25
Twórcy
  • VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Centre for Environmental Technology 9350, 17. listopadu 15/2172, Ostrava – Poruba, 708 33, Czech Republic
autor
  • VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Centre for Environmental Technology 9350, 17. listopadu 15/2172, Ostrava - Poruba, 708 33, Czech Republic, jozef.vlcek@vsb.cz
  • VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Centre for Environmental Technology 9350, 17. listopadu 15/2172, Ostrava - Poruba, 708 33, Czech Republic, tereza.moravcova@vsb.cz
  • VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Centre for Environmental Technology 9350, 17. listopadu 15/2172, Ostrava - Poruba, 708 33, Czech Republic, veronika.blahuskova@vsb.cz
  • VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Centre for Environmental Technology 9350, 17. listopadu 15/2172, Ostrava - Poruba, 708 33, Czech Republic, pavel.fojtik@vsb.cz
Bibliografia
  • 1. Act No 185/2001 Coll., on waste (Czech waste Act).
  • 2. Decree of the Czech Ministry of the Environment No 415/2012 Coll., on permissible level of pollution and the discovery and implementation of certain other provisions of the Clean Air Act (emission regulation).
  • 3. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (EC) 76/2000, on incineration of waste.
  • 4. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (EU) 75/2010, on industrial emissions.
  • 5. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (EC) 98/2008, on waste.
  • 6. Bilitewski, B., Härdtle, G. & Marek, K. (1994). Waste Management. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. ISBN: 3-540-59210-5.
  • 7. Miyagoshi, Y., Tatefuku, T. & Nishino, M., et al. (2004). Advantageous effects of low air ratio combustion in an advanced stoker-type waste incinerator. Report from Second International Conference on Waste Management and the Environment, 29 September-1 October 2004 (pp. 155-164). Rhodos, Greece: Waste Management in Japan.
  • 8. Leskens, M., van Kessel, L.B.M. & Bosgra, O.H. (2005). Model predictive control as a tool for improving the process operation of MSW combustion plants. Waste Manag.25(8), 788-798. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2005.03.005.[Crossref]
  • 9. Asthana, A., Menard, Y., Sessiecq, P. & Patisson, F. (2010). Modeling On-Grate MSW Incineration with Experimental Validation in a Batch Incinerator. Industrial & Engineering Chem. Res. 49(16), 7597-7604. DOI: 10.1021/ie100175e.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 10. Gebreegziabher, T., Oyedun, A.O., Lam, K.L., Lee, H.K.M. & Hui, C.W. (2012). Optimization of MSW Feed for Waste to Energy Practices. Report from 15th International Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, 25-29 August 2012 (pp. 679-684). Prague, Czech Republic: Chem. Engine. Transact. DOI: 10.3303/CET1229114.[Crossref]
  • 11. Van Kessel, L.B.M., Leskens, M. & Brem, G. (2002). On-line calorific value sensor and validation of dynamic models applied to municipal solid waste combustion. Transactions in IchemE 80(B5), 245-255, DOI: 10.1205/095758202762277605.[Crossref]
  • 12. Pershing, D.W., Lighty, J.S., Silcox, G.D., Heap, M.P. & Owens, W.D. (2007). Solid waste incineration in rotary kilns. Comb. Sci. Technol. 93(1-6), 245-276. DOI: 10.1080/00102209308935292.[Crossref]
  • 13. Obroučka, K. & Ferkovič, J. (2005). Optimization of batch production for waste incineration. Acta Metall.Slovaca, No 1, 251-257. ISSN 1335-1532. (in Czech).
  • 14. Byczanski, P. & Obroučka, K. (2007). The proposal of mathematical model to optimize the formation of mixtures of combustible waste for incineration. Chem. Pap. No 8, V. 101, 668−672. ISSN 1213-7103.
  • 15. Obroučka, K. et al. (2012). Report on the implementation of the project of Ministry of Industry and Trade, Permanent Prosperity No 2A-3TP1/087 solved in 2008-2011 Research on process technology and design optimization of incinerators for municipal waste, providing an increase in energy conversion efficiency. Final Report. I. part VŠB - TU Ostrava, Centre of environmental technologies. (in Czech).
  • 16. Fojtík, P. (2010). Specification of algorithm to optimize the furnace and the development of software components for visualizing the results of optimization process. (Program of waste storage in boxes.) Partial report on the project of Ministry of Industry and Trade No 2A-3TP1/087, VŠB - TU Ostrava. (in Czech)
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pjct-2015-0001
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